Study Material for SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS, Prasar Bharti, FCI Exams : Analogy

Analogy

Meaning of Analogy

Analogy means ‘Similar items’. There is three types of Analogy
(a) Number Analogy
(b) Letter Analogy
(c) Word Analogy

Number Analogy

Example 1: 3 : 81 : : 6 : ?
(a) 1296 (b) 1269
(c) 1692 (d) 1926
Solution. (a) n : n4 relation here (3) and (3)4 = (81)
Similarly, (6) and (6)4 = 1296

Letter Analogy

Example 2 : Find the missing term : YWZX : USVT : : MKNL : ?

(a) IGGH  (b) IGJH
(c) IGJJ    (d) IGHH

Solution. (b) Alphabets are used in reverse order. In the first term, the order of alphabet is 2, 4, 1 and 3 and in the second term, the order is 6, 8, 5 and 7. So, the missing term is IGJH.

Word Analogy

Example 3 : Sailor : Ship : : Lawyer : ?

(a) Legal (b) Law
(c) Court (d) Ruling

Solution. (c) ‘Sailor’ works at ‘Ship’, similarly ‘Lawyer’ works at ‘Court’.


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