Junior Engineers (Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Quantity Surveying and
The standard of the questions in Engineering subjects will be approximately
of the level of Diploma in Engineering (Civil/ Electrical/ Mechanical) from a
recognized Institute, Board or University recognized by All India Board of
Technical Education. All the questions will be set in SI units. The details of
the syllabus are given below:
(i) General Intelligence & Reasoning: The Syllabus for General Intelligence
would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. The test may include
questions on analogies, similarities, differences, space visualization, problem
solving, analysis, judgement, decision making, visual memory, discrimination,
observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning, verbal and figure
classification, arithmetical number series etc.
The test will also include questions designed to test the candidate‘s
abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships,
arithmetical computations and other analytical functions.
(ii) General Awareness: Questions will be aimed at testing the candidate‘s
general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to
society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and
of such matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific
aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include
questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining
to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity and Scientific
Research, etc. These questions will be such that they do not require a special
study of any discipline.
(iii) General Engineering (Civil and Structural), (Electrical & Mechanical):
- Building Materials, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Surveying, Soil
Mechanics, Hydraulics, Irrigation Engineering, Transportation Engineering,
- Structural Engineering – Theory of Structures, Concrete Technology, RCC
Design, Steel Design.
- Basic concepts, Circuit law, Magnetic Circuit, AC Fundamentals,
Measurement and Measuring instruments, Electrical Machines, Fractional
Kilowatt Motors and single phase induction Motors, Synchronous Machines,
Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Estimation and Costing,
Utilization and Electrical Energy, Basic Electronics.
- Theory of Machines and Machine Design, Engineering Mechanics and
Strength of Materials,
- Properties of Pure Substances, 1st Law of Thermodynamics, 2nd Law of
Thermodynamics, Air standard Cycles for IC Engines, IC Engine Performance,
IC Engines Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication, Rankine cycle of
System, Boilers, Classification, Specification, Fitting & Accessories, Air
Compressors & their cycles, Refrigeration cycles, Principle of Refrigeration
Plant, Nozzles & Steam Turbines.
- Properties & Classification of Fluids, Fluid Statics, Measurement of
Fluid Pressure, Fluid kinematics, Dynamics of Ideal fluids, Measurement of
Flow rate, basic principles, Hydraulic Turbines, Centrifugal Pumps,
Classification of steels.
Part-A (Civil & Structural Engineering )
Building Materials : Physical and Chemical properties, classification,
standard tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building
stones, silicate based materials, cement (Portland), asbestos products, timber
and wood based products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints, varnishes.
Estimating, Costing and Valuation : estimate, glossary of technical terms,
analysis of rates, methods and unit of measurement, Items of work – earthwork,
Brick work (Modular & Traditional bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work,
Painting, Flooring, Plastering. Boundary wall, Brick building, Water Tank,
Septic tank, Bar bending schedule, Centre line method, Mid-section formula,
Trapezodial formula, Simpson‘s rule. Cost estimate of Septic tank, flexible
pavements, Tube well, isolates and combined footings, Steel Truss, Piles and
pile-caps. Valuation – Value and cost, scrap value, salvage value, assessed
value, sinking fund, depreciation and obsolescence, methods of valuation.
Surveying : Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, chain
surveying, working of prismatic compass, compass traversing, bearings, local
attraction, plane table surveying, theodolite traversing, adjustment of
theodolite, Levelling, Definition of terms used in levelling, contouring,
curvature and refraction corrections, temporary and permanent adjustments of
dumpy level, methods of contouring, uses of contour map, tachometric survey,
curve setting, earth work calculation, advanced surveying equipment.
Soil Mechanics : Origin of soil, phase diagram, Definitions-void ratio,
porosity, degree of saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains,
unit weights, density index and interrelationship of different parameters, Grain
size distribution curves and their uses. Index properties of soils, Atterberg‘s
limits, ISI soil classification and plasticity chart. Permeability of soil,
coefficient of permeability, determination of coefficient of permeability,
Unconfined and confined aquifers, effective stress, quick sand, consolidation of
soils, Principles of consolidation, degree of consolidation, pre-consolidation
pressure, normally consolidated soil, e-log p curve, computation of ultimate
settlement. Shear strength of soils, direct shear test, Vane shear test,
Triaxial test. Soil compaction, Laboratory compaction test, Maximum dry density
and optimum moisture content, earth pressure theories, active and passive earth
pressures, Bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, standard penetration test
Hydraulics : Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow,
Bernoulli‘s theorem and its application, flow through pipes, flow in open
channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.
Irrigation Engineering : Definition, necessity, benefits, 2II effects of
irrigation, types and methods of irrigation, Hydrology – Measurement of
rainfall, run off coefficient, rain gauge, losses from precipitation –
evaporation, infiltration, etc. Water requirement of crops, duty, delta and base
period, Kharif and Rabi Crops, Command area, Time factor, Crop ratio, Overlap
allowance, Irrigation efficiencies. Different type of canals, types of canal
irrigation, loss of water in canals. Canal lining – types and advantages.
Shallow and deep to wells, yield from a well. Weir and barrage, Failure of weirs
and permeable foundation, Slit and Scour, Kennedy‘s theory of critical velocity.
Lacey‘s theory of uniform flow. Definition of flood, causes and effects, methods
of flood control, water logging, preventive measure. Land reclamation,
Characteristics of affecting fertility of soils, purposes,
methods, description of land and reclamation processes. Major irrigation
projects in India.
Transportation Engineering : Highway Engineering – cross sectional elements,
geometric design, types of pavements, pavement materials – aggregates and
bitumen, different tests, Design of flexible and rigid pavements – Water Bound
Macadam (WBM) and Wet Mix Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road, Bituminous construction,
Rigid pavement joint, pavement maintenance, Highway drainage, Railway
Engineering- Components of permanent way – sleepers, ballast, fixtures and
fastening, track geometry, points and crossings, track junction, stations and
yards. Traffic Engineering – Different traffic survey, speed-flow-density and
their interrelationships, intersections and interchanges, traffic signals,
traffic operation, traffic signs and markings, road safety.
Environmental Engineering : Quality of water, source of water supply,
purification of water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage
systems, circular sewer, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, sewage treatments.
Surface water drainage. Solid waste management – types, effects, engineered
management system. Air pollution – pollutants, causes, effects, control. Noise
pollution – cause, health effects, control.
Theory of structures : Elasticity constants, types of beams – determinate and
indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported,
cantilever and over hanging beams. Moment of area and moment of inertia for
rectangular & circular sections, bending moment and shear stress for tee,
channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric
loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load
and columns, Torsion of circular section.
Concrete Technology : Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement
aggregates, importance of water quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix
design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing
of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather
concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structures. RCC Design : RCC
beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, design of singly
reinforced and double reinforced beams, cantilever beams. T-beams, lintels. One
way and two way slabs, isolated footings. Reinforced brick works, columns,
staircases, retaining wall, water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on
both Limit State and Working Stress methods).
Steel Design : Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams roof
trusses plate girders.
Part-B (Electrical Engineering )
Basic concepts : Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, and various
factors affecting them. Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy and their
Circuit law : Kirchhoff‘s law, Simple Circuit solution using network
Magnetic Circuit : Concepts of flux, mmf, reluctance, Different kinds of
magnetic materials, Magnetic calculations for conductors of different
configuration e.g. straight, circular, solenoidal, etc. Electromagnetic
induction, self and mutual induction.
AC Fundamentals : Instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of
alternating waves, Representation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series and
parallel AC Circuits consisting of R.L. and C, Resonance, Tank Circuit. Poly
Phase system – star and delta connection, 3 phase power, DC and sinusoidal
response of R-Land R-C circuit.
Measurement and measuring instruments : Measurement of power (1 phase and 3
phase, both active and re-active) and energy, 2 wattmeter method of 3 phase
power measurement. Measurement of frequency and phase angle. Ammeter and
voltmeter (both moving oil and moving iron type), extension of range wattmeter,
Multimeters, Megger, Energy meter AC Bridges. Use of CRO, Signal Generator, CT,
PT and their uses. Earth Fault detection.
Electrical Machines : (a) D.C. Machine – Construction, Basic Principles of
D.C. motors and generators, their characteristics, speed control and starting of
D.C. Motors. Method of braking motor, Losses and efficiency of D.C. Machines.
(b) 1 phase and 3 phase transformers – Construction,Principles of operation,
equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, O.C. and S.C. Tests, Losses and
efficiency. Effect of voltage, frequency and wave form on losses. Parallel
operation of 1 phase /3 phase transformers. Auto transformers. (c) 3 phase
induction motors, rotating magnetic field, principle of operation, equivalent
circuit, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3 phase
induction motors. Methods of braking, effect of voltage and frequency variation
on torque speed characteristics.
Fractional Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors :
Characteristics and applications. Synchronous Machines - Generation of 3-phase
e.m.f. armature reaction, voltage regulation, parallel operation of two
alternators, synchronizing, control of active and reactive power. Starting and
applications of synchronous motors.
Generation, Transmission and Distribution – Different types of power
stations, Load factor, diversity factor, demand factor, cost of generation,
inter-connection of power stations. Power factor improvement, various types of
tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults.
Switchgears – rating of circuit breakers, Principles of arc extinction by oil
and air, H.R.C. Fuses, Protection against earth leakage / over current, etc.
Buchholtz relay, Merz-Price system of protection of generators & transformers,
protection of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, various transmission
and distribution system, comparison of conductor materials, efficiency of
different system. Cable – Different type of cables, cable rating and derating
Estimation and costing : Estimation of lighting scheme, electric installation
of machines and relevant IE rules. Earthing practices and IE Rules.
Utilization of Electrical Energy : Illumination, Electric heating, Electric
welding, Electroplating, Electric drives and motors.
Basic Electronics : Working of various electronic devices e.g. P N Junction
diodes, Transistors (NPN and PNP type), BJT and JFET. Simple circuits using
Part- C (Mechanical Engineering )
Theory of Machines and Machine Design
Concept of simple machine, Four bar linkage and link motion, Flywheels and
fluctuation of energy, Power transmission by belts – V-belts and Flat belts,
Clutches – Plate and Conical clutch, Gears – Type of gears, gear profile and
gear ratio calculation, Governors – Principles and classification, Riveted
joint, Cams, Bearings, Friction in collars and pivots.
Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials
Equilibrium of Forces, Law of motion, Friction, Concepts of stress and
strain, Elastic limit and elastic constants, Bending moments and shear force
diagram, Stress in composite bars, Torsion of circular shafts, Bucking of
columns – Euler‘s and Rankin‘s theories, Thin walled pressure vessels.
Properties of Pure Substances : p-v & P-T diagrams of pure substance like
H2O, Introduction of steam table with respect to steam generation process;
definition of saturation, wet & superheated status. Definition of dryness
fraction of steam, degree of superheat of steam. H-s chart of steam (Mollier‘s
1st Law of Thermodynamics : Definition of stored energy & internal energy,
1st Law of Thermodynamics of cyclic process, Non Flow Energy Equation, Flow
Energy & Definition of Enthalpy, Conditions for Steady State Steady Flow; Steady
State Steady Flow Energy Equation.
2nd Law of Thermodynamics : Definition of Sink, Source Reservoir of Heat,
Heat Engine, Heat Pump & Refrigerator; Thermal Efficiency of Heat Engines &
co-efficient of performance of Refrigerators, Kelvin – Planck & Clausius
Statements of 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, Absolute or Thermodynamic Scale of
temperature, Clausius Integral, Entropy, Entropy change calculation of ideal gas
processes. Carnot Cycle & Carnot Efficiency, PMM-2; definition & its
Air standard Cycles for IC engines : Otto cycle; plot on P-V, T-S Planes;
Thermal Efficiency, Diesel Cycle; Plot on P-V, T-S planes; Thermal efficiency IC
Engine Performance, IC Engine Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication.
Rankine cycle of steam : Simple Rankine cycle plot on P-V, T-S, h-s planes,
Rankine cycle efficiency with & without pump work.
Boilers; Classification; Specification; Fittings & Accessories : Fire Tube &
Water Tube Boilers.
Air Compressors & their cycles; Refrigeration cycles; Principle of a
Refrigeraton Plant; Nozzles & Steam Turbines Properties & Classification of
Fluid : ideal & real fluids, Newton‘s law of viscosity, Newtonian and
Non-Newtonian fluids, compressible and incompressible fluids.
Fluid Statics : Pressure at a point.
Measurement of Fluid Pressure : Manometers, U-tube, Inclined tube.
Fluid Kinematics : Stream line, laminar & turbulent flow, external & internal
flow, continuity equation.
Dynamics of ideal fluids : Bernoulli‘s equation, Total head; Velocity head;
Pressure head; Application of Bernoulli‘s equitation.
Measurement of Flow rate Basic Principles : Venturimeter, Pilot tube, Orifice
Hydraulic Turbines : Classifications, Principles.
Centrifugal Pumps : Classifications, Principles, Performance.
Classification of Steels : mild steal & alloy steel, Heat treatment of steel,
Welding – Arc Welding, Gas Welding, Resistance Welding, Special Welding
Techniques i.e. TIG, MIG, etc. (Brazing & Soldering), Welding Defects & Testing;
NDT, Foundry & Casting – methods, defects, different casting processes, Forging,
Extrusion, etc, Metal cutting principles, cutting tools, Basic Principles of
machining with (i) Lathe (ii) Milling (iii) Drilling (iv) Shaping (v) Grinding,
Machines, tools & manufacturing processes.
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Courtesy : SSC