Model Questions For एसएससी - सीजीएल परीक्षा (SET-12)
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the
questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate
them while answering some of the questions.
Recent advances in
science and technology have made it possible for geneticists to find out
abnormalities in the unborn foetus and take remedial action to rectify some
defects which would otherwise prove to be fatal to the child. Though genetic
engineering is still at its infancy, scientists can now predict with greater
accuracy a genetic disorder. It is not yet an exact science since they are not
in a position to predict when exactly a genetic disorder will set in. While they
have not yet been able to change the genetic order of the gene in germs, they
are optimistic and are holding out that in the near future they might be
successful in achieving this feat. They have, however, acquired the ability in
manipulating tissue cells. However, genetic misinformation can sometimes be
damaging for it may adversely affect people psychologically. Genetic information
may lead to a tendency to brand some people as inferiors. Genetic information
can therefore be abused and its application in deciding the sex of the foetus
and its subsequent abortion is now hotly debated on ethical lines. But on this
issue geneticists cannot be squarely blamed though this charge has often been
levelled at them. It is mainly a societal problem. At present genetic
engineering is a costly process of detecting disorders but scientists hope to
reduce the costs when technology becomes more advanced. This is why much
progress in this area has been possible in scientifically advanced and rich
countries like the USA, UK and Japan. It remains to be seen if in the future
this science will lead to the development of a race of supermen or will be able
to obliterate disease from this world.
Q1. Which of the following is the same in meaning as the phrase
‘holding out’ as used in the passage?
Q2. According to the passage, the question of abortion is
(b) hotly debated
(d) left to the scientists to decide
Q3. Which of the following is true regarding the reasons for
progress in genetic engineering?
(a) It has become popular to abort female foetuses.
(b) Human beings are extremely interested in heredity.
(c) Economically sound and scientifically advanced countries can provide the
infrastructure for such research.
(d) Poor countries desperately need genetic information.
Q4. Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word
‘obliterate’ as used in the passage?
(a) wipe off
(c) give birth to
(d) wipe out
Q5. Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the
word ‘charge’ as used in the passage?
1. (b) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (b) 5. (c)