(Guidance Programme) Combined Higher Secondary Level [CHSL] (10+2) Exam : Average

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(Guidance Programme) Combined Higher Secondary Level [CHSL] (10+2) Exam : Average

Average

The average of a given number of quantities of the same kind is expressed as

Average = Sum of the quantities/ Number of the quantities
Average is also called the Arithmetic Mean.

Also, Sum of the quantities = Average × Number of the quantities

Number of quantities = Sum of the quantities/ Average

• If all the given quantities have the same value, then the number itself is the average.

• If all the given quantities are not all the same, then the average of the given quantities is always greater, then the smallest number and always less than the largest number. Equivalently, atleast one of the numbers is less than the average and atleast one is greater then the average.

• If each of the given quantities is increased by a constant p, then their average is also increased by p.

• If each of the given quantities is decreased by a constant p, then their average is also decreased by p.

• If each of the given quantities is multiplied by a constant p, then their average is also multiplied by p.

• Whenever the given quantities form an arithmetic sequence and if the given quantities has odd terms, then the average is the middle term in the sequence and if the given quantities has even terms, then the average of the sequence is the average of the middle two terms.

• In order to calculate the weighted average of a set of numbers, multiply each number in the set by the number of times it appears, add all the products and divide by the total number of numbers in the set.


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