(General Knowledge) Awards & Honours : National - Gallantry Awards

Awards and Honours
National

GALLANTRY AWARDS

Param Vir Chakra : The Param Vir Chakra is the highest decoration of valour awarded for most conspicuous bravery, or some act of valour (in self-sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of bronze.

Winners of Param Vir Chakra

1 Major Somnath Sharma, Kumaon Regiment (Posthumous) November 1947 (Kashmir Operations 1947–48)
2 2nd Lt. R.R. Rane, Corps of Engineers April 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947–48)
3 Company Havildar Major Piru Singh, Rajputana Rifles (Posthumous) July 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947–48)
4 L/NK Karam Singh, Sikh Regiment October 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947–48)
5 Naik Jadunath Singh, Rajput Regiment (Posthumous) December 1961 (Congo)
6 Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria, 3rd Battalion,
Ist Gorkha Rifles
Feb 1948 (Naushera Kashmir)
7 Major Dhan Singh Thapa, Gorkha Rifles October 1962 (Ladakh)
8 Subedar Joginder Singh, Sikh Regiment (Posthumous) October 1962 (NEFA)
9 Major Shaitan Singh, Kumaon Regiment (Posthumous) November 1962 (Ladakh)
10 CQMH Abdul Hamid, Grenadiers (Posthumous) September 1965 (Operation against Pakistan)
11 Lt. L & A. B. Tarapore, Poona Horse (Posthumous) September 1965 (Operation against Pakistan)
12 Flg. Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, Flg. Pilot (Posthumous) December 1971 (Indo-Pakistan conflict)
13 Major Hoshiar Singh, Grenadiers (Posthumous) December 1971 (Indo-Pakistan conflict)
14 2nd Lt. Arun Khetarpal,17 Poona Horse (Posthumous) December 1971 (Indo-Pakistan conflict)
15 Link Albert EKKA, Brigade of guards (Posthumous) December 1971 (Indo-Pakistan conflict)
16 Naib Subedar Bana Singh, J&K Light Infantry June 1987 (Operations in Siachen Glacier)
17 Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran,
Mahar Regiment
(Posthumous) November 1987 (IPKF Operations in Sri Lanka)
18 Capt Vikram Batra, 13 JAK Rifles (Posthumous) June 1999 (Operation Vijay in Kargil)
19 Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, 13 JAK Rifles June 1999 (Operation Vijay in Kargil)
20 Gdr. Yogender Singh Yadav, 18 GDRS June 1999 (Operation Vijay in Kargil)
21 Lt. Manoj Kumar Pandey, Ist Battalion,
11th Gorkha Rifles
(Posthumous) July 3, 1999 (Khaluber/Juber top, Kargil)

Mahavir Chakra : Mahavir Chakra is the second highest gallantry award for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.

Vir Chakra : Vir Charka is awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.

Ashok Chakra : It is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some act of daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice in the face of the enemy. The medal is made of gold gilt.

Kirti Chakra : It is awarded for conspicuous gallantry, otherwise than in the face of the enemy. The medal is made of standard silver.

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