Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 26 JULY 2019
Nation pays tribute to Kargil war martyrs on Vijay diwas
- President Ram NathKovind, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and
Prime Minister NarendraModi paid tribute to the martyrs of Kargil War on the
20th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas.
- In a tweet, Mr Kovind said, a grateful nation acknowledges the
gallantry of Armed Forces on the heights of Kargil in 1999. The President
said, the country salutes the grit and valour of those who defended India,
and record its everlasting debt to those who never returned.
- On the 20th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas, Vice President M
Venkaiah Naidu paid respects to the brave soldiers of Indian Army who made
ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty to protect nation. In a tweet, Mr
Naidu saluted all the heroes of the Kargil war and Operation Vijay who
secured a valiant victory on 26th of July, 1999.
- The Prime Minister also shared on twitter some photographs of his
Kargil visit in 1999 and described his interaction with soldiers as
unforgettable. He said, during the Kargil War, he had the opportunity to go
to Kargil and show solidarity with brave soldiers. Mr Modi said, he was
working for his Party in Jammu and Kashmir as well as Himachal Pradesh at
Supreme court directs centre to set up special courts for POCSO cases
- The Supreme Court today asked the Centre to set up courts within
60 days and appoint sensitised prosecutors to deal with sexual assault cases
- The court directed the setting up of Centrally-funded exclusive
court in districts with over 100 cases registered under the Protection of
Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.
- A bench headed by Chief Justice RanjanGogoi, comprising Justices
Deepak Gupta and Aniruddha Bose, said the Centre would have to appoint
trained, sensitised prosecutors and support persons to deal with the POCSO
- The bench also directed the chief secretaries of states and union
territories to ensure timely submission of forensic reports in such cases.
Finance ministry to conduct study on overseas bond issue
- The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) has asked the Finance Ministry
to conduct a detailed study on the issuance of overseas sovereign bonds in
the light of concerns raised by several experts, sources said.
- The PMO has asked the Finance Ministry to examine the concerns
raised by formers RBI governors and deputy governors on the issuance of such
bonds and its implications.
- Finance Minister NirmalaSitharaman, in Budget 2019-20, announced
that the government would start raising a part of its gross borrowing
programme from external markets in foreign currencies. She added that
India’s sovereign external debt-to-GDP level is among the lowest globally at
less than 5%.
India improves rank in Global innovation Index
- India has jumped five places to rank 52 in the Global Innovation
Index 2019, up from the 57 it had in last year’s rankings.
- India’s rise in the rankings has been a consistent trend over the
last few years. It had ranked 81 in 2015, which rose to 66 in 2016, 60 in
2017 and 57 in 2018.
- “The performance improvement of India is particularly noteworthy,”
the report, brought out by the UN World Intellectual Property Organisation,
INSEAD and CII, said.
- The report also highlighted that India stands out in the world’s
top science and technology clusters, with Bengaluru, Mumbai, and New Delhi
featuring among the top 100 global clusters.
- “Given its size and if progress is upheld India will make a true
impact on global innovation in the years to come,” the report said. Commerce
Minister PiyushGoyal, who released the report, said that India’s hope of
increasing the size of the economy to $5 trillion cannot happen without
India-Saudi Arabia to discuss bilateral energy cooperation
- Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Dharmendra Pradhan today held
discussions with Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources of Saudi
Arabia Khalid Al-Falih to further enhance bilateral hydrocarbon cooperation.
- Both the Ministers discussed further enhancing India-Saudi Arabia
hydrocarbon cooperation to become a strong pillar of the existing overall
strategic partnership between the two countries.
- An official release said, during the meeting Minister Al-Falih
emphasized the need for capitalizing on the growing momentum in bilateral
- Mr Pradhan discussed the current developments in the global oil
and gas markets and raised India’s concerns on the recent increase in Asian
Premium and the decision of OPEC Plus members on extending production cuts,
leading to oil price volatility.
Indian embassy gets consular access to sailors on board in Iran
- The Indian embassy in Tehran has got the consular access to 18
Indian nationals who were on board the British vessel Stena Impero which was
seized by Iran last week.
- Minister of State in External Affairs, V Muraleedharan in a tweet,
last evening said, the Indian crew members are safe and doing fine. He said,
the government will continue to push for early release of detained Indian
- The British oil tanker was seized last week by Iran's
Revolutionary Guard Corps in the Strait of Hormuz for alleged violation of
international maritime rules. Earlier, in another tweet, Mr Muraleedharan
informed that a team of the Indian High Commission in London met the 24
Indian crew members and staff who were on board shipping vessel 'Grace 1'.
- The Iranian oil tanker 'Grace 1' was seized by the British marines
and Gibraltar police authorities off the Spanish coast earlier this month.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Study finds earth warming up faster than in last 2000years
- World temperatures rose faster in the late 20th century than at
any other time in the last 2,000 years, according to a study released on
- While average global temperatures are currently around 1°C hotter
than pre-industrial times, there have been a number of periods of cooling
and warming over the centuries. This had led sceptics of manmade global
warming to suggest that human activity is not the main driver of climate
- The findings are clear: at no point in modern human history did
temperatures rise so quickly and so consistently as in the late 20th century
— the period where the world’s post-war, fossil fuel-powered economy reached
unprecedented heights of production and consumption.
- The study found that pre-industrial temperature fluctuations were
largely driven by volcanic activity.But it also concluded that humans had
never witnessed such rapid global warming as in the latter part of the 20th
- Commenting on the studies, Mark Maslin, Professor of Climatology
at University College London, said their results “should finally stop
climate change deniers claiming that the recent observed coherent global
warming is part of a natural climate cycle”.