Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 01 NOVEMBER 2019

SSC CGL Current Affairs

Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 01 NOVEMBER 2019

::NATIONAL::

Centre reiterates commitment to protection of fundamental rights of citizens

  • The Centre has said that it is committed to protect the fundamental rights of citizens including right to privacy. It said, stern action will be taken against any intermediary responsible for breach of privacy.
  • In a tweet, IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said, the government is concerned at the breach of privacy on the messaging platform WhatsApp.
  • He said the government has asked WhatsApp to explain the kind of breach and what it is doing to safeguard the privacy of millions of Indians. IT Ministry yesterday wrote to WhatsApp seeking a detailed response by November 4.

Naga peace talks reach deadline,more consultations on board

  • Talks between Centre’s interlocutor RN Ravi and National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah) concluded on Thursday amid indications that the two sides have broadly resolved all issues, including demand for a separate flag and constitution.
  • A formal announcement is awaited as the Centre is keen on taking governments of Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh on board. The three states have expressed apprehension over the talks and sought to protect their territorial integrity.
  • Working Committee of Naga National Political Groups said “GoI endorsed the usage of Naga emblem and flag, specifically for cultural identity within Naga homeland”
  • The Centre had earlier ruled out separate flag and constitution for Nagas. Talks between the Centre and NSCN-IM were caught in a stalemate over the two issues.

::ECONOMY::

RBI asks banks to probe data card leakage and ensure security

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has asked banks to secure their customer card data after a website reported that nearly 1.3 million debit and credit card data of Indian banks are on sale on the dark web potentially causing losses of millions of dollars.
  • On Tuesday, technology news website ZDNet reported that more than 1.3 million payment card details have been put up for sale on Joker's Stash, in what it described was the internet's largest carding shop. The data included uploads contains data primarily from Indian cardholders, the website said citing security researchers at Group-IB.
  • RBI said that banks must take proactive measures to identify and guard against such misuse of customer credentials. The central bank also has to be informed of the steps that banks have taken.
  • The leaked data includes Track 2 data, usually found on a payment card's magnetic stripe that could have been obtained via skimming devices, installed either on ATMs or PoS systems. The cards are from multiple banks though it could not be ascertained which banks have been hit.
  • “99% of the cards are now based on chip and pin based system which are difficult to clone. There may be still some magnetic strip based cards in use but that number is very small. I don’t think this should be such a big issue,” said another banker involved in cyber security.

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::INTERNATIONAL::

ICJ says Pak violated Vienna convention in Jadhav case

  • International Court of Justice (ICJ) President Judge Abduylqawi Yusuf told the United Nations General Assembly that Pakistan violated its obligations under the Vienna Convention in the case of Indian national KulbhushanJadhav.
  • Presenting the report of the International Court of Justice to the 193-member General Assembly yesterday, he said, in its judgement of July 17, the principal judicial organ of the United Nations found that Pakistan had violated its obligations under Article 36 of the Vienna Convention and that appropriate remedies were due in this case.
  • In a major victory for India, the ICJ had ruled that Pakistan must review the death sentence awarded to Jadhav, a retired Indian Navy officer who was sentenced to death by the Pakistani military court on charges of espionage and terrorism after a closed trial in April 2017.
  • India had argued that consular access was being denied to its national in violation of the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.
  • The Court was also called upon to interpret the meaning of the expression without delay in the notification requirements of Article 36 of the Vienna Convention. The Court considered the reparation and remedies to be granted, after it had found that the rights to consular access had been violated.
  • Judge Yusuf said that following its ruling, the Court received a communication dated 1st of August this year from Pakistan confirming its commitment to implementing the July 17 judgment in full.

::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::

Researchers develop new method to remove CO2 from air

  • Researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States (US) have developed a new technology to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from a stream of air, virtually at any concentration level.
  • This is a new advance that may pave the way for new strategies to reduce atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) levels. The study by researchers was published in the journal Energy and Environmental Science.
  • While in most of the prevalent methods, removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from a stream of gas required higher concentrations like those found in flue emissions from fossil fuel-based power plants, but the new method could take out gas even when it was present in very low concentrations.
  • Researchers described the device as a large, specialized battery with a stack of electrodes that absorbs CO2 from air passing over its surface as it was being charged up, and then released gas as it was being discharged. A chemical reaction then takes place at surface of each of a stack of electrodes as battery charges.
  • The biggest advantage of this technology over most other carbon absorbing/carbon capture technologies is- ‘binary nature of the adsorbent’s affinity to carbon dioxide’. Moreover, the new system is energy efficient compared to existing methods- consistently using about one gigajoule (GJ) of energy per ton of CO2 captured.

::SPORTS::

Shiva Thapa wins gold in Olympic test boxing event

  • Indian pugilists Shiva Thapa and Pooja Rani today clinched gold medals, while Ashish settled for a silver, as India ended with a decent haul of seven medals at the Olympic Test Event for Boxing in Tokyo, Japan.
  • The other four medals, all bronze were bagged by NikhatZareen, SimranjeetKaur, SumitSangwan and Vahlimpuia in their respective weight categories.
  • Four-time Asian medallist Thapa outpunched Kazakhstan's national champion and Asian bronze-winner SanataliToltayev 5-0 to claim the top honours in 63 kilogram category.

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