Model Questions for SSC CGL (SET-12) GENERAL ENGLISH
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the
questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate
them while answering some of the questions.
Recent advances in science and technology have made it possible
for geneticists to find out abnormalities in the unborn foetus and take remedial
action to rectify some defects which would otherwise prove to be fatal to the
child. Though genetic engineering is still at its infancy, scientists can now
predict with greater accuracy a genetic disorder. It is not yet an exact science
since they are not in a position to predict when exactly a genetic disorder will
set in. While they have not yet been able to change the genetic order of the
gene in germs, they are optimistic and are holding out that in the near future
they might be successful in achieving this feat. They have, however, acquired
the ability in manipulating tissue cells. However, genetic misinformation can
sometimes be damaging for it may adversely affect people psychologically.
Genetic information may lead to a tendency to brand some people as inferiors.
Genetic information can therefore be abused and its application in deciding the
sex of the foetus and its subsequent abortion is now hotly debated on ethical
lines. But on this issue geneticists cannot be squarely blamed though this
charge has often been levelled at them. It is mainly a societal problem. At
present genetic engineering is a costly process of detecting disorders but
scientists hope to reduce the costs when technology becomes more advanced. This
is why much progress in this area has been possible in scientifically advanced
and rich countries like the USA, UK and Japan. It remains to be seen if in the
future this science will lead to the development of a race of supermen or will
be able to obliterate disease from this world.
Q1. Which of the following is the same in meaning as the phrase
‘holding out’ as used in the passage?
Q2. According to the passage, the question of abortion is
(b) hotly debated
(d) left to the scientists to decide
Q3. Which of the following is true regarding the reasons for
progress in genetic engineering?
(a) It has become popular to abort female foetuses.
(b) Human beings are extremely interested in heredity.
(c) Economically sound and scientifically advanced countries can provide the
infrastructure for such research.
(d) Poor countries desperately need genetic information.
Q4. Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word
‘obliterate’ as used in the passage?
(a) wipe off
(c) give birth to
(d) wipe out
Q5. Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the
word ‘charge’ as used in the passage?
1. (b) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (b) 5. (c)