Definition of Comprehension
Comprehension is the ability to read and understand unfamiliar text matter,
to answer questions based on that. You will be presented with passages drawn
from a variety of subject areas, including humanities, the sciences, latest
happenings in society etc. The questions will ask you to analyze what is stated
in the passage and would have to identify underlying assumptions and
implications. Although nothing is still clear but most probably the passage
length in CSAT will vary from 300-800 words. The passage may be followed by 3-10
questions to check the thorough understanding of the contents. The questions
will be objective type with each question followed by four answer options out of
which the most appropriate one is to be chosen on the basis of the information
given in the passage. No outside information or data should be used while
answering the questions and answers should simply be marked keeping in mind the
author’s viewpoints on the topic.
The passages could be written in the following styles
- Analytical: The analytical way of writing usually presents the pros and
cons of the issue at hand. It discusses both sides of the issue and the
author may after analysis, present his final viewpoint in the end. The
questions are usually about the main idea and the author’s viewpoint.
- Discursive: A discursive style of writing is where the author discusses
various aspects of certain issues in brief and superficially. Hence, the
questions that follow are simple and basic questions on theme and the facts
- Argumentative: The argumentative style of writing is where the author
supports his viewpoint on an issue by presenting facts and data which
support his viewpoint. Unlike the argumentative style, he does not present
both sides of the issue. The questions that follow are mostly about the
author’s tone and whether he would agree or disagree with certain points on
the issues as discussed in the passage.
- Descriptive/Narrative: When the passage describes a certain event or
phenomenon chances are it uses the descriptive style of writing. In simple
words descriptive style of writing uses story telling format. It is lucid
and easy to understand and is usually followed by easy questions on the main
theme or the facts stated in the passage.
- Use only the information given or implied in a passage. Do not consider
outside information, even if it seems more accurate than the given
- You are looking for the best answer, so be sure to read all the choices.
- If you don’t know the answer, try to eliminate some choices and then
take an educated guess.
- Because you may refer to the passage, don’t try to memorize everything
in the passage. 5. Read the passage focusing on the main point or purpose
and the structure of the passage.