The word ‘Syllogism’ is also referred to ‘Logic’. Syllogism
is an important section of logical reasoning and hence, a working knowledge of
its rules is required on the part of the candidate. Hence, it can be expressed
as the ‘Science of thought as expressed in language’. The questions based on
syllogism can be solved by using Venn diagrams and some rules devised with the
help of analytical ability. With this unique characteristic, this test becomes
an instrument of teaching the candidates to follow the rules and work as per the
instructions without an error. Here, only the basic concept and rules, which
have a bearing on reasoning faculty could alone help. There are some terminology
which are used in syllogism.
It is also referred to as ‘Premises’. It is a sentence which asserts that
either a part of, or the whole of, one sets of objects-the set identified by the
subject term in the sentence expressing that sentence either is included in, or
is excluded from, another set-the set identified by the predicate term in that
Types of Proposition
- Categorical Proposition: There is relationship between the subject and
the predicate without any condition.
- Hypothetical Proposition: There is relationship between subject and
predicate which is asserted conditionally.
- Disjunctive Proposition In a disjunctive proposition the assertion is of