Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 31 DECEMBER 2019
VP urges researchers and innovators to go beyond labs
- Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu urged the students to stay healthy
through physical exercise and proper food. He was addressing the National
Children's Science Congress held at Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala today.Mr
Naidu said, knowledge is the biggest investment.
- The innovative mind of the youth is the most powerful resource on the
earth in this knowledge era. Students must be aware that the real purpose of
science is to make people's lives comfortable and happy.
- Governor Arif Mohammed Khan presided the event while Kerala Minister of
Tourism KadakampallySurendran and MLA V.K Prashanth were among the
dignitaries attended the event.
Study finds poor migrants moving to other rural areas
- A survey of nearly 10,000 migrants in rural Bihar by Indian Institute of
Technology Hyderabad has found that rural migrants who move to urban areas
tend to be from relatively well-off social and economic hierarchies. On the
other, hand, poorer migrants tended to move to other rural areas.
- The study found that 78% of all migrants from rural Bihar went to an
urban destination. However, those belonging to the top of the social and
economic hierarchy in villages are disproportionately represented in the
- Migrant who are more educated were more likely to move to urban areas –
and they moved without having worked in the local rural economy.On the other
hand, poorer migrants, who generally do manual labour, tended to move to
other rural areas.
- The data also showed that migration tended to increase with increasing
incomes, showing that poverty is a constraining factor in migration.
Migration rates were the lowest in the bottom-most income quintile and kept
increasing until the fourth quintile – it falls again in the top income
quintile. This has been the same pattern for all three surveys - 1999, 2011
Govt. assures 5G spectrum trial to all players
- Union Government has decided to give 5G spectrum for trial to all
players in the country.
- Addressing a function in New Delhi after launching a Web Portal for
customers of Delhi to facilitate blocking and tracing of stolen or lost
mobile phones, Communication and Information and Technology Minister Ravi
Shankar Prasad said, the in-principle decision has been taken in this
- He said 5G is future and government will encourage new innovation in 5G
- Our correspondent reports a project called Central Equipment Identity
Register, CEIR system has been undertaken by the Department of
Telecommunications for addressing security, theft and other concerns
including reprogramming of mobile handsets.
GoM set up to review crop insurance scheme
- Concerned over exit of a few states, dropping out of insurance companies
and growing dissent among farmers on the government’s flagship crop
insurance scheme, the centre has set up a seven-member group of ministers (GoM)
headed by defence minister Rajnath Singh to review the scheme and recommend
changes to make it more farmer friendly.
- There have been demands for making crop insurance voluntary to all
farmers, removal of high premium crops and giving flexibility to states to
provide customised add-on products.
- Similarly, ICICI Lombard,Tata AIG, Cholamandalam MS, and Shriram General
Insurance have opted out of this scheme citing losses in the crop insurance
business due to high loss ratio, which refers to claims paid plus adjustment
expenses against premium earned.
- The scheme provides comprehensive crop insurance from pre-sowing to
post-harvest period against non-preventable natural risks at extremely low
premium rates a farmer has to pay - 2% for kharif crops, 1.5% for rabi crops
and 5% for horticulture and commercial crops. The remaining amount of
premium is equally shared by central and the respective state governments.
UN envoy warns of likely escalation in Libya conflict
- The UN's Libya envoy has said that military and maritime agreements
signed between Turkey and the Tripoli government represent an escalation of
the conflict in the North African country.
- GhassanSalame's remarks came as Egypt called for an urgent meeting
tomorrow of the Cairo-based Arab League to discuss developments in Libya and
the possibility of an escalation there.
- Libya has been mired in conflict since a NATO-backed uprising toppled
and killed dictatorMoamerKadhafi in 2011, with rival administrations in the
east and the west vying for power.
- In April, military strongman KhalifaHaftar, who is based in the east,
launched an assault to seize the capital Tripoli from the UN-recognised
Government of National Accord.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
IIT researchers develop materials to produce energy from water
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati Researchers have developed
materials that can produce energy from water, on a small scale.
- In the centralized energy generation model, one large plant produces
energy for an entire region, in contrast, the decentralized energy model
introduces a large number of small generation devices that can be employed
to generate in every household.
- The excess energy produced in households can be transported nearby areas
where there is an excessive need for energy. The researchers of IIT Guwahati
employed the nanoscale phenomenon called “Electrokinetic streaming
potential” to harvest energy from flowing water on the small length scale
like water flowing through household water taps.
- Similarly, the “Contrasting Interfacial Activities” different types of
semiconducting materials were employed to generate power from stagnant
- In order to extract power from stagnant water, devices were fabricated
by employing doped graphene flakes. The complementary charge transfer
activities of doped graphene flakes based devices generate power just upon
dipping in any kind of water source, like lake, river or seawater.
IOA withdraws boycott call for commonwealth games
- Indian Olympic Association (IOA) has withdrawn its threat to boycott the
2022 Commonwealth Games in Birmingham over Shooting's exclusion. It also
announced that the country will bid to host either the 2026 or the 2030
- During its Annual General Meeting in New Delhi, the IOA, on the advice
of Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), also decided to submit a formal
proposal to host a Commonwealth Shooting Championships before the main
Games, an idea mooted by both the national and international shooting bodies
to make up for the sport's exclusion from 2022 CWG.
- CGF President Dame Louise Martin welcomed India confirming participation
at the Birmingham Games.