Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 29 January 2019
Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 29 January 2019
Supreme court seeks status of foreigners in detention centres
The Supreme Court on Monday directed the Centre to provide it details of
the number of foreigners lodged in detention centres in Assam.
A Bench led by Chief Justice of India RanjanGogoi sought the number of
functioning detention centres, the status of pending cases against the
detainees before the Foreigners’ Tribunal, the period of their detention and
The information has to be provided by February 19, the next date of
hearing in the court. On November 5 last year, the government informed the
court about the framing of new guidelines for keeping foreign nationals in
detention centres across the country.
In September, the court admitted the petition filed by Harsh Mander,
who, speaking through his lawyer PrashantBhushan, compared the situation of
families languishing in detention centres with the family separation policy
imposed on illegal immigrants in the U.S. by the Trump administration.
Expert panel suggests India has attained saturation in managing tiger
population of the country
While conservation efforts are aimed at increasing the tiger count in
India, global experts and officials in the government suggest that India
must also prepare for a new challenge of reaching the limits of its
Officially, India had 2,226 tigers as of 2014. An ongoing census is
expected to reveal an update to these numbers. But Rajesh Gopal, head of the
Global Tiger Forum, said that India’s current capacity to host tigers ranged
from 2,500-3,000 tigers.
With dwindling core forests as well as the shrinking of tiger corridors
,officials said there were several challenges alongside the traditional
challenges of poaching and man-animal conflict to India’s success at tiger
Recent attempts at translocating tigers to unpopulated reserves, such as
Satkosia in Orissa, have ended badly, with one of the tigers dying.
Overall, given the low availability of prey in some reserves, this is
the capacity that can be supported. However, there are vast tracts of
potential tiger habitat that can be used to improve prey density, develop
tiger corridors and therefore support a much larger population.
Centre urges PSB’s to extend credit to MSME and housing sector
A few days before the presentation of the Vote on Account, Finance
Minister PiyushGoyal on Monday held a meeting with the heads of public
sector banks (PSBs) during which they discussed ways to increase support to
the MSME sector and improve credit for homeowners.
During the meeting, also attended by RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das, the
bankers reviewed the working of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) and
discussed ways by which faster resolutions could be reached.
“They have also discussed various ways in which the operations of the
banks can become more efficient, customer-friendly, profitable as well as
ensure the stated goals of this government to reach financial inclusion of
every Indian,said mr.Goyal
Mr.Goyal also said that the bankers spoke about how the working of the
IBC had helped them recover large amounts of money both through the IBC
mechanism and the NCLTs, and also due to the fact that many cases had been
resolved without having to go through the IBC due to the pressure that is
built up on large borrowers.
The Vote on Account is to be presented on February 1, while the RBI’s
monetary policy review is scheduled for February 7.
“PCA banks were advised to maintain the trend of improvement in
performance, with a view to bringing them out of the PCA framework at the
earliest,” said a statement.
India and OECD sign agreement for participation in Programme for
International Student Assessment (PISA) 2021.
A Signing ceremony of Agreement between India and OECD for India’s
participation in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2021,
in presence of Union HRD Minister, ShriPrakashJavadekar was held in New
While addressing the gathering, the Minister said that the Government of
India has decided that India will participate in the Programme for
International Students Assessment (PISA) to be conducted by the Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2021.
He said that the participation in PISA 2021 would indicate the health of
the education system and would motivate other schools /states in the
subsequent cycles. This will lead to improvement in the learning levels of
the children and enhance the quality of education in the country.
He also informed that OECD has agreed to ask some of the questions based
on Indian context. The Minister hoped that our students will perform well
and we will get a good position in the overall rankings.
More than 80 countries, including 44 middle-income countries, have
participated in the assessment since the first round of testing in 2000.
Next round of PISA is going to be held in 2021.
China to step up growth prospects despite slowdown
China will take steps to spur growth amid a trade war with the United
States, but there is limited room for aggressive stimulus in an economy
already laden with massive debts and a property market prone to
credit-driven spikes, policy insiders said.
China’s deepening economic slowdown has fanned market expectations of a
big spending binge, especially if the bruising tariff war with Washington
escalates, intensifying pressure on Chinese jobs and threatening social
Such a move, plans for which have repeatedly been denied by China’s top
leaders, would come at a price, however — similar moves in the past have
quickly juiced growth rates but also buried the world’s No.2 economy under a
mountain of debt.
During the 2008-09 global financial crisis, Beijing rolled out a 4
trillion yuan ($591 billion) spending package to fight a downturn that cost
20 million jobs in a matters of months, quickly reviving growth but also
prompting a credit explosion.
The current slowdown was caused by China’s deleveraging drive in early
2016, which focused on State firms and local governments before broadening
to the financial sector a year later. A crackdown on shadow lending pushed
up borrowing costs and made it harder for small firms to get funds.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
WHO warns south-east asia on non-communicable diseases
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) mainly cardiovascular diseases, chronic
respiratory diseases, diabetes and cancer continue to be the top killers in
the South-East Asia Region, claiming 8.5 million lives each year, according
to the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Containing the NCDs has been listed by the WHO as its health goal for
this year along with reducing mortality related to air pollution and climate
change, global influenza pandemic etc.
One third of these deaths are premature and occur before the age of 70,
affecting economically productive individuals. The four ‘major’ NCDs are
caused, to a large extent, by four modifiable behavioural risk factors:
tobacco use, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity and harmful use
Non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease,
are collectively responsible for over 70% of all deaths worldwide, or 41
million people. These include 15 million people dying prematurely, aged
between 30 and 69.
The paper published in The Lancet indicates that eating fibre-rich foods
reduces the incidence of coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and
colorectal cancer by 16% to 24%. A higher fibre intake is also associated
with lower bodyweight, systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol when
compared with lower intake
Doctors then recommend eat less and enjoy your food by eating slowly,
fill half your plate with fruits and vegetables, avoid oversized portions
which causes weight gain, at least half of your grains should be whole
grains, limit consumption of food high in trans fats.