Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 27 JULY 2019
Supreme court asks centre to respond to order condemning mob lynching
- The Supreme Court on Friday sought the response of the Central
government, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the State
governments to a plea for the implementation of its July 2018 judgment
laying down preventive, remedial and punitive measures to combat lynching.
- The 45-page judgment, by a three-judge Bench led by then Chief
Justice of India DipakMisra had wondered whether the “populace of a great
Republic like ours has lost the values of tolerance to sustain a diverse
- The court had observed that the recent litany of spiralling mob
violence, their horror, the grim and gruesome scenes of lynchings were made
worse by the apathy of the bystanders, numbness of the mute spectators,
inertia of the police and, finally, the “grandstanding of the incident by
the perpetrators of the crimes” on social media.
- The court had directed several preventive, remedial and punitive
measures to deal with lynching and mob violence. It ordered the Centre and
the States to implement the measures and file compliance reports within the
next four weeks.
Satellite images of Assam flood regions shared to India by foreign countries
- With Assam inundated by floods, several countries including China,
Russia and France collaborated with India on sharing satellite images of the
scale of inundation. As signatories to the The International Charter Space
and Major Disasters, any of the 32 member countries can send a ‘request’ to
activate the Charter.
- This would immediately trigger a request by the coordinators to
space agencies of other countries whose satellites have the best eyes on the
site of the disaster.
- Based on an activation request by the Indian Space Research
Organisation (ISRO) on July 17, France’s National Centre for Space Studies,
China National Space Administration and ROSCOSMOS of Russia shared satellite
images of the flood situation in the districts of Dhubri, Marigaon, Barpeta,
Dhemaji, Lakhimpur in Assam with ISRO’s National Remote Sensing Centre.
- Ravish Kumar, spokesperson of the Ministry of External Affairs,
said in response to a query from The Hindu that combining earth observation
assets from different space agencies allows resources and expertise to be
coordinated for rapid response.
- This was a “standard practice” and in the past ISRO too had
provided information to other space agencies in response to similar
requests. In August 2014, for instance, ISRO’s CARTOSAT shared images after
an activation request from China after an earthquake struck Yunan province
and killed 398.
Indian telecom sector expected to create 3lakhs jobs next year
- India’s telecom sector will create up to 3,00,000 jobs in the next
18 months and a majority of these positions will come up in rural areas of
the country, Telecom Secretary and Telecom Commission chairman
- The sector has already created over 1,00,000 jobs since the
introduction of the National Digital Communications Policy-2018 (NDCP), she
- The Telecom Ministry had earlier said that the new framework (NDCP)
would draw investments worth $100 billion into the country’s telecom
industry in five years.
- “Since then, a total investment of around $16 billion has already
been announced by the private sector companies and government via USOF
[Universal Service Obligation Fund], with a rough split of 65% and 35%
respectively. This investment is currently in different phases of infusion
into the sector,” telecom secretary said.
Centre insists whatsapp to trace rogue messages
- IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said, the Government will insist
on WhatsApp developing a mechanism to trace origin of messages in cases
where the platform is misused by terrorists and 'rogue' elements.
- WhatsApp Global Head Will Cathcart assured the minister of prompt
action in these issues of "concern" in a meeting on Friday.
- On WhatsApp's proposed payments service, Mr. Prasad noted that the
platform is also going into payments service in accordance with the Reserve
Bank of India and NPCI requirements.
- He also asked WhatsApp to participate in India's trillion-dollar
digital economy vision and said the company is "welcome to explore
India-specific products because of their wide reach".
U.S pressurises Iran to curb its missile programme
- US officials said today that Iran test-launched a mid-range
ballistic missile earlier this week in defiance of the Trump administration,
which has warned the country to curb its missile program.
- The test-launch was said to have taken place completely within
Iran’s borders and did not pose a threat to American shipping or military
- The test came amid heightened tensions between Iran and the West,
mainly regarding the safety of commercial shipping in the Persian Gulf and
the Strait of Hormuz.
- The White House said in a brief statement that it was aware of
reports of a projectile launched in Iran but officials declined to comment
- Tensions have mounted with Iran over a 2015 nuclear accord it
reached with world powers. The deal eased sanctions in exchange for Iran
curbing its nuclear program.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Study reveals burning of grasslands detrimental to invertebrates
- A recent study on “prescribed burning” of large tracts of
grassland for the conservation of threatened ungulates in the Eravikulam
National Park (ENP), a biodiversity hotspot in the Western Ghats, reveals
that such burning is detrimental to endemic invertebrates, including
- Grasshoppers are sensitive to grasslands management and an
indicator of grasslands quality, health and restoration success.
- “As grasshoppers represent a major faunal component of grasslands,
effects of fire on them can be easily studied in grassland habitats,”
DhaneeshBhaskar, researcher, Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI), said.
- The findings have been published in a recent edition of
Biodiversity and Conservation (Springer Nature), an international journal.