The Supreme Court on Tuesday directed political
parties to publish online the pending criminal cases of their candidates and
urged Parliament to bring a “strong law” to cleanse political parties of
leaders facing trial for serious crimes.
Rapid criminalisation of politics cannot be arrested by
merely disqualifying tainted legislators but should begin by “cleansing”
political parties, a five-judge Constitution Bench, led by Chief Justice of
India DipakMisra, observed.
The court said Parliament should frame a law that makes it
obligatory for political parties to remove leaders charged with “heinous and
grievous” crimes, such as rape, murder and kidnapping, to name only a few, and
refuse ticket to offenders in both parliamentary and Assembly polls.
The Bench, also comprising Justices A.M. Khanwilkar,
RohintonNariman, D.Y. Chandrachud and InduMalhotra, however, made it clear that
the court cannot legislate for Parliament by introducing disqualification to ban
candidates facing trial for heinous crimes from contesting elections.
With higher growth rates not having translated into
more jobs and increases in productivity failing to spur a commensurate rise
in wages, the government ought to formulate a National Employment Policy
that takes these trends into account, the State of Working India 2018, a new
study released by AzimPremji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment,
Confirming the spectre of jobless growth, the study
contends that this divergence between growth and jobs had increased over time.
“If you look back at the 1970s and 80s, when GDP growth was around 3-4%,
employment growth was about 2%,” lead author AmitBasole wrote in the study,
released on Tuesday. “Currently, the ratio of GDP growth to employment growth is
less than 0.1.” That means that a 10% increase in GDP results in a less than 1%
increase in employment.
In the organised manufacturing sector, though the number
of jobs has grown, there has also been an increase in the share of contract
work, which offers lower wages and less job security, according to the study.
Also, of concern is the divergence of productivity and
wages in the organised manufacturing sector. Labour productivity in the sector
is six times higher than it was 30 years ago; however, managerial and
supervisory salaries have only tripled in the same period, while production
workers’ wages have grown a measly 1.5 times.
The UnionMinister of Commerce &Industry and Civil
Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, said that the economic growth of Bangladesh is a
model that could be emulated by other Least Developed Countries in the
region. He congratulated the Government of Bangladesh led by Prime Minister,
Sheikh Hasina, for the rapid strides made in the areas of economic growth,
poverty eradication, and social and human development.
He noted that after Bangladesh graduates from the Least
Developed Country Status it would no longer have duty-free and quota-free access
to the Indian market under SAFTA. In view of this, he proposed that India and
Bangladesh may consider signing a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
which would trade in goods and services and investments.
Underlining the potential of jute as a natural and
environment friendly fiber, he suggested that a Joint Business Group could
examine the issues related to this sector.
Suresh Prabhu thanked the Commerce Minister of Bangladesh,
Mr.Tofail Ahmed, for playing an important role in resolving issues and
strengthening multilateralism in the global trading system. He called for
continued cooperation of India and Bangladesh to make World Trade Organization a
stronger body and support global trade.
India ranks 158th in the world for its investments in
education and health care, according to the first-ever scientific study
ranking countries for their levels of investment in human capital. The
nation is placed behind Sudan (ranked 157th) and ahead of Namibia (ranked
159th) in the list. The U.S. is ranked 27th, while China is at 44th and
Pakistan at 164th.
South Asian countries ranking below India in this report
include Pakistan (164), Bangladesh (161) and Afghanistan (188). Countries in the
region that have fared better than India in terms of human capital include Sri
Lanka (102), Nepal (156), Bhutan (133) and Maldives (116).
The study, conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics
and Evaluation (IHME) at the request of the World Bank, is the first of its kind
to measure and compare the strength of countries’ “human capital”. The study
underscores that when a country’s human capital score increases, its economy
“Learning is based on average student scores on
internationally comparable tests. Components measured in the functional health
score include stunting, wasting, anaemia, cognitive impairments, hearing and
vision loss, and infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, and
tuberculosis,” the study said.