Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 24 JANUARY 2020
CJI moots importance for capital punishment to reach its finality
- Chief Justice of India (CJI) Sharad A. Bobde on Thursday said a
condemned person cannot fight the death penalty endlessly and it was
important for the capital punishment to reach its finality.
- The death penalty, he noted, cannot be questioned at every turn by the
convict. “One cannot go on fighting endlessly for everything.”
- The CJI said it was not for a judge to forgive a crime. The cardinal
duty of a judge was to see if the punishment was proportionate to the crime.
The law applied whether the criminal was a first-timer or a hardened one.
- The 2014 verdict had issued guidelines, which primarily held that an
unexplained delay in carrying out an execution would lead to commutation of
the death penalty to life imprisonment.
Former President says any attempt to denigrate EC undermines democracy
- Former President Pranab Mukherjee has said that any attempt to denigrate
election commission will be an act of undermining the democracy itself. He
said, Indian democracy has been tested time and again adding consensus is
the life blood of democracy.
- He was giving the first SukumarSen Memorial Lecture in New Delhi on
Thursday. SukumarSen was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India, who
commendably conducted the first two general elections to the LokSabha.
- The Former President also emphasised the importance of people in the
electoral process and said it is the key to the healthy democracy.
- Mr Mukherjee said the management of an electorate of over 900 million in
2019 that is nearly the combined population of third, fourth and fifth
largest nations in the world, and ensuring fair polling is not an easy job.
India plans for more off-budget expenditures
- India is likely to fund roughly $28 billion of its expenditure outlay in
its budget for fiscal 2020/21 via off-budget borrowings, three government
sources said, as it seeks to revive a sagging economy while keeping its
fiscal deficit in check.
- Off-budget borrowings are a means by which the government keeps its
fiscal deficit in check by making quasi-government entities borrow on its
behalf, to partly fund its expenditure plan for the year.
- This would mark a roughly 13.8% increase in so-called off-budget
borrowings from an estimated 1.75 trillion rupees ($24.6 billion) in the
ongoing fiscal year, said the three sources, who have direct knowledge of
- The government could increase the target of raising revenue through
privatisation of state companies to 1.5 trillion rupees for next fiscal
year, the second official said.
- India's committed spending, excluding capital spending, could be
targeted at near 27 trillion rupees ($379.91 billion) for the next fiscal
year, compared to the budgeted 24.5 trillion rupees in the current fiscal
year, while about 4 trillion rupees could be allocated to capital spending,
the first official said.
India ranked 80th at latest corruption perception index
- India has been ranked at the 80th position among 180 countries and
territories in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) prepared by
- The CPI, released at the WEF 2020 here, ranks 180 countries and
territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according
to experts and business people.
- Denmark and New Zealand have cornered the top spot, followed by Finland,
Singapore, Sweden and Switzerland in the top ten.With a score of 41, India
is at the 80th spot. The rank is also shared by China, Benin, Ghana and
Morocco. Neighbouring Pakistan is ranked at the 120th place.
- This year's analysis shows corruption is more pervasive in countries
where big money can flow freely into electoral campaigns and where
governments listen only to the voices of wealthy or well-connected
individuals, Transparency International said.
India first to respond to Maldivian health crisis
- India on Thursday supplied 30,000 doses of Measles/Rubella vaccine to
the Government of Maldives in response to their emergency requirement.
- While Measles has been eliminated from the Maldives, four cases have
tested positive in the last one week. Government suspects an outbreak and
required emergency supplies of vaccine.
- MEA, working closely with Ministry of Health, procured supply of 30,000
doses of Measles/Rubella vaccine from the Serum Institute of India, Pune and
delivered the consignment on 23rd January. This will suffice the immediate
requirement of Maldives.
- India once again proved to be first responder in times of emergency for
Maldives. In 2015, India responded to the water crisis in Malé due to
breakdown of the main RO plant. India airlifted water immediately and also
sent supplies by ship, including an RO plant.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
New snake eel species discovered in Odisha
- A new snake eel species residing in the Bay of Bengal has been
discovered and documented this month (January) by the Estuarine Biology
Regional Centre (EBRC) of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) at Gopalpur-on-sea
- This new marine species has been named Ophichthuskailashchandrai to
honour the vast contributions of Dr.Kailash Chandra, Director of ZSI, to
Indian animal taxonomy.
- Ophichthuskailashchandrai is the eighth species of the Ophichthus genus
found on the Indian coast. It is the fifth new species discovered by the
Gopalpur ZSI in the last two years.
- In 2019, two new species of marine eel, Gymnothoraxandamanensesis and
Gymnothoraxsmithi were been discovered by this ZSI centre.