Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 23 January 2019
Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 23 January 2019
PM affirms India can become global leader on solar grid
At the annual PravasiBharatiya Divas in Varanasi on Tuesday, Prime
Minister NarendraModi highlighted India’s potential to lead the world in
Mr.Modi also said the people living abroad need to connect culturally
with the homeland, and announced that India is planning a pilgrimage scheme
for people living abroad.
Mr.Modi said that Indians living abroad should work to inspire
foreigners to visit the country. “I have said before and I reiterate now.
Wherever you live and if you have five non-Indian families near you then
motivate them to visit India. Your attempts will help in boosting the
tourism sector of India”.
Apart from noted persons of Indian origin, the event is also being
attended by a large number of foreign dignitaries including Mauritius Prime
Minister PravindJugnauth who will also participate in the KumbhMela in
Mr.Modi also urged foreign-based Indians to contribute to the making of
the ‘new India’ and said people of Indian origin living abroad are not far
from their place of origin.
EC files complaint on EVM hacking issue
Taking cognisance of the claims made at a press conference in London by
Syed Shuja, a self-styled Indian cyber expert, that the Electronic Voting
Machines (EVMs) used by the Election Commission of India could be hacked,
the poll body on Tuesday asked the Delhi Police to register an FIR.
The Commission wrote to the Deputy Commissioner of Police (New Delhi),
alleging that by making such claims, Mr.Shuja had caused public mischief,
which is an offence under Section 505(1) (b) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
Following doubts raised by various political parties, the Commission, on
June 3, 2017, organised an “open challenge”, inviting experts to demonstrate
any vulnerability in the machines, the poll panel said. “Nobody turned up
for such demonstrations,” said the EC in its complaint, adding that the act
of Mr.Shuja was violative of Section 505(1)(b).
The police said they had received the complaint and that legal action
was being taken under Section 505 of the IPC. They would further explore if
more penal provisions were needed to be invoked.
Centre’s debt-GDP stable while that of states have risen
While the Centre is moving in the right direction in terms of meeting
the N.K. Singh Committee recommendations on public debt, the States are
moving in the opposite direction, data released by the government show.
According to the Status Paper on Government Debt for 2017-18, the
Centre’s total debt as a percentage of GDP reduced to 46.5% in 2017-18 from
47.5% as of March 31, 2014. The total debt of the States, however, has been
rising over this period, to 24% in 2017-18, and is estimated to be 24.3% in
The N.K. Singh-headed FRBM (Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management)
Review Committee report had recommended the ratio to be 40% for the Centre
and 20% for the States, respectively, by 2023.
It said that the 60% consolidated Central and State debt limit was
consistent with international best practices, and was an essential parameter
to attract a better rating from the credit ratings agencies.
“State governments as a group have exhibited a tendency to hold large
cash surpluses/investments in Cash Balance Investment Account on a
consistent basis while at the same time resorting to market borrowings to
finance their GFD (Gross Fiscal Deficit),” the report said.
“This indicates scope for reducing the quantum of market borrowings by
State governments in case they bring down their cash surpluses (parked as
investment in treasury bills of the Central government),” the report added.
CBDT uses data analytics to identify non-tax filers
The Non-filers Monitoring System (NMS) aims to identify and monitor
persons who enter into high value transactions and have potential tax
liabilities but have still not filed their tax returns. Analysis was
carried-out to identify non-filers about whom specific information was
available in the database of the Income Tax Department.
Data analysis has identified several potential non-filers who have
carried-out high value transactions in Financial Year 2017-18 but have still
not filed Income Tax Return for Assessment Year 2018-19 (relating to FY
The Department has enabled e-verification of these NMS cases to reduce
the compliance cost for taxpayers by soliciting their response online. It is
reiterated that there is no need to visit any Income Tax office for
submitting response, as the entire process is to be completed online.
The PAN holder should submit the response electronically on the
Compliance Portal and keep a printout of the submitted response for record
purposes. User Guide and FAQs are provided under the “Resources” Menu on
Non-filers are requested to assess their tax liability for AY 2018-19
and file the Income Tax Returns (ITR) or submit online response within 21
days. If the explanation offered is found to be satisfactory, matters will
be closed online. However, in cases where no return is filed or no response
is received, initiation of proceedings under the Income-tax Act, 1961 will
Trump’s transgender policy in military gets supreme court’s backing
The Trump administration can go ahead with its plan to restrict military
service by transgender men and women while court challenges continue, the
Supreme Court said on Tuesday.
The court split 5-4 in allowing the plan to take effect, with its five
conservatives greenlighting it and four liberal members saying they would
As a result of the court’s decision, the Pentagon can implement a policy
so that people who have changed their gender will no longer be allowed to
enlist in the military.
The policy also says transgender people who are in the military must
serve as a member of their biological gender unless they began a gender
transition under the less restrictive Obama-era rules.
The Trump administration has sought for more than a year to change the
Obama-era rules and had urged the justices to take up cases about its
transgender troop policy immediately, but the court declined for now.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Indian Navy Coordinates Largest Ever Coastal Defence Exercise
Ten years after "26/11", the Indian Navy commenced the largest coastal
defence exercise off the Indian coast today. Exercise SEA VIGIL, a first of
its kind, is being undertaken along the entire 7516.6 km coastline and
Exclusive Economic Zone of India and is involving all the 13 coastal States
and Union Territories along with all maritime stakeholders, including the
fishing and coastal communities.
Exercise SEA VIGIL aims to comprehensively and holistically validate the
efficacy of the measures taken since '26/11'. Seaward monitoring during the
exercise will entail patrolling off coast, in Offshore Development Areas and
off our islands by the Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard, supported by the
State Marine Police.
The exercise aims to simultaneously activate the coastal security
mechanism across all States and Union Territories. The exercise will cover a
wide frontage covering for the first time the entire coast of India,
including island territories.
The exercise is a build up towards the major theatre level tri-service
exercise TROPEX [Theatre-level Readiness Operational Exercise] which Indian
Navy conducts every two years.
All Operational assets of the Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard are
participating in the SEA VIGIL. The conduct of the exercise SEA VIGIL is
also being facilitated by the Ministries of Defence, Home Affairs, Shipping,
Petroleum and Natural Gas, Fisheries, Customs, State Governments and other
agencies of Centre/ State.
ViratKohli creates history, becomes first player ever to win Sir Garfield
Team India skipper ViratKohli today ed history by becoming the first
player in history to win the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC Cricketer of
the Year. The ICC said in a statement that Kohli also won awards as the ICC
Men's Test Player of the Year and the ICC ODI Player of the Year.
Kohli was also named captain of ICC's Test and ODI teams of 2018 for a
fabulous run in international cricket.
India's victory in the Under-19 World Cup was voted as the Fans' Moment
of the Year.The 36-member voting panel was unanimous in picking Kohli for
the Sobers award. He also ended the year at No. 1 in both the rankings for
Tests and ODIs.