Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 22 JANUARY 2020
SC asks Parliament to review disqualifying powers of speakers
- In a path breaking ruling, the Supreme Court on Tuesday said, the time
has come when Parliament should have a rethink on whether disqualification
petitions ought to be entrusted to a Speaker as a quasi-judicial authority
when such Speaker continues to belong to a particular political party either
de jure or de facto.
- The Apex Court said, Parliament may seriously consider amending the
Constitution to substitute Speaker of LokSabha and Legislative Assemblies as
arbiter of disqualification issues with a Permanent Tribunal headed by a
retired Supreme Court Judge or a retired Chief Justice of a High Court or
some other mechanism to ensure swift and impartial decisions.
- A bench headed by Justice R F Nariman took note of the role played by
Speakers and inordinate delays in deciding pleas for disqualification of
lawmakers and asked the Manipur Assembly Speaker to decide within four weeks
the plea of a Congress leader seeking disqualification of BJP lawmaker and
Manipur Forest Minister Thounaojam Shyamkumar Singh.
Census 2021 aims at accurate enumeration of dalits and tribals
- As part of an attempt to better enumerate the Dalit and tribal
population of the country, Census 2021 data collectors have been asked to
carry charts with "pre-coded" sub castes that come under SC and ST
categories in every state.
- The instruction manual of the Census 2021 has a code directory that has
enlisted and given a specific code to every SC and ST community in every
state and Union Territory (UT). Unlike in 2011, when enumerators were asked
to write down the community name of the SC or ST respondent, this time every
sub caste and tribe has been pre-coded and the data collector will enter the
code of the caste in the form, along with the name.
- The code will then be scanned as part of post enumeration work which
will give a better listing of how many persons belonging to SC and ST
communities live in the country, what sort of lives they lead, what jobs
they do, and whether they own a TV or a smartphone, among other details, an
- According to an official at the Registrar General of India, the move was
decided because of the "unavailability of reliable and authentic data about
the exact numbers of the certain groups even among SCs and STs, geographical
areas of their spread and density has been a huge challenge in ensuring
focused and outcome specific planning."
- Census 2021 has already been notified with the house listing and housing
Census - April to September, 2020 and population enumeration - 9th February
to 28th February 2021. Nearly 30 lakh enumerators have been roped in for
this from across the country.
Report suggests India needs large scale investment to meet SDG targets by
- India needs a whopping USD 2.64 trillion investment to meet the UN's
sustainable development goals (SDGs), offering the private sector an
investment opportunity of over USD 1.12 trillion by 2030, according to a
- Of the total USD 2.64 trillion of investment needed, the potential
investment opportunity for the private sector is a whopping USD 1.12
trillion with USD 701.5 billion going into clean energy, USD 226.5 billion
for digital access, USD 176.9 billion in transport infrastructure, and USD
19.2 billion for clean water and sanitation, said the report.
- The opportunity in the water and sanitation is USD 19.2 billion as 24
per cent of the people still do not have access to clean water and
sanitation and closing this gap by 2030 will require investment of close to
USD 20 billion, said the report.
China to take coronavirus outbreak case seriously
- Chinese President Xi Jinping today said that it's extremely crucial to
take every possible measure to combat a new coronavirus that has infected
more than 200 people in the country.
- The President's remarks came the same day that the country reported a
sharp rise in the number of people infected by the novel form of viral
pneumonia, including the first cases in the capital. The outbreak comes as
the country enters its busiest travel period when millions of board trains
and planes for the Lunar New Year holidays.
- Health authorities in the central city of Wuhan, said an additional 136
cases have been confirmed in the city, which now has a total of 198 infected
patients. As of the weekend, a third patient had died, bringing the death
toll to three.
- Authorities in Thailand and in Japan have already identified at least
three cases, all involving recent travel from China. At least half-dozen
countries in Asia and three US airports have started screening incoming
airline passengers from central China.
Reports suggest global unemployment to rise in 2020
- Global unemployment is projected to increase by around 2.5 million in
2020 and almost half a billion people are working fewer paid hours than they
would like or lack adequate access to paid work, according to UN's
International Labour Organization report.
- The World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2020 (WESO) report,
released on Monday, states that global unemployment has been roughly stable
for the last nine years but slowing global economic growth means that, as
the global labour force increases, not enough new jobs are being generated
to absorb new entrants to the labour market.
- The International Labour Organization (ILO) forecasts that unemployment
will rise by about 2.5 million this year. The ILO is a UN agency whose
mandate is to advance social justice and promote decent work by setting
international labour standards.
- In addition, 165 million people do not have enough paid work, and 120
million have either given up actively searching for work or otherwise lack
access to the labour market. In total, more than 470 million people
worldwide are affected, the report said.
- The ILO report said that moderate or extreme working poverty is expected
to edge up in 2020-21 in developing countries, increasing the obstacles to
achieving Sustainable Development Goal 1 on eradicating poverty everywhere
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
France to train Indian flight surgeons for Gaganyaan
- France will train Indian flight surgeons to enable them to monitor the
health of astronauts selected for the ambitious human space mission
Gaganyaan, officials said on Tuesday.
- The two-week training is a critical aspect of the Gaganyaan project that
is aimed at sending three Indians to space by 2022.
- The flight surgeons, who will be Indian Air Force doctors specialising
in aviation medicines and responsible for the health of astronauts before,
during and after flight, will be shortlisted soon, an official from India's
space agency ISRO added.
- France has a well-established mechanism for space medicine. It also has
the MEDES space clinic, a subsidiary of CNES, where space surgeons undergo
- Officials said talks are also on whether to send the astronauts to
France for further training.The four shortlisted astronauts -- all test
pilots from the Indian Air Force -- are currently in Russia for an 11-month
- India and France share robust ties in the area of space.The two
countries had signed a joint vision for space cooperation in March 2018,
months before Prime Minister NarendraModi announced the Gaganyaan project.
- The vision statement envisaged developing technologies for human
exploration of the universe under which ISRO and CNES would jointly develop
capabilities and critical technologies.