Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 22 AUGUST 2019
Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams -
22 AUGUST 2019
Govt.to consider corporatisation of Ordinance factory board
The Government is set to form a high level committee to examine
the aspects of corporatisation of the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and work
out the modalities, defence sources said while rejecting apprehensions from
employees that there is an attempt at privatisation.
The Kolkata-headquartered OFB with 41 factories spread across the
country functions under the Department of Defence Production. Due to this
every decision and action needs the approval of the Cabinet, officials said.
Alleging moves to privatise the OFB, three recognised Defence
Federations under the OFB have launched a month-long strike from August 20.
There are about 82,000 employees in OFB of which around 46,000 are
industrial employees who went on strike, sources said.
Meanwhile Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has approved certain
decisions on reorganisation of the Army Headquarters (AHQ) that will
initiate the biggest transformation exercise in the Army since Independence.
Study finds children from shelter homes not finding work
Nearly 40% of children who leave shelter homes after turning 18
are unable to complete schooling, 50% are unable to find paid work and
almost 70% are unaware of their after-care entitlements under the law, finds
a study conducted by an NGO across five States.
The study,is based on the testimonies of 435 “care leavers” and
100 other key stakeholders such as functionaries working on the ground for
child protection. The age of the care leavers was between 17 years and 30
While 48% of these young adults were from government-run
institutions, 52% were from NGO-run institutions. Out of the total care
leavers, 55% were male and the rest were female.
The survey highlights the poor implementation of after-care
provisions prescribed under the Juvenile Justice Act (JJ Act), 2015, for
those who leave child care institutions on turning 18. The study found that
27% of children did not receive any form of after care support such as
housing, medical facilities, legal awareness, or emotional support after
they left their shelter home.
As many as 78% of them did not have health insurance, 67% were not
aware of these services and other schemes designed for them, 44% of them had
never been consulted over their care and rehabilitation planning during
their stay at a home, as is required under JJ Act.
SEBI eases compliance and operational requirements for FPI’s
At a time when foreign investors have been selling Indian shares
in huge quantum, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has
simplified the compliance and operational requirements for foreign portfolio
investors (FPIs), to make the regulatory framework more investor friendly.
The SEBI board, which met here on Wednesday, decided to do away
with the requirement that every FPI should have at least 20 investors —
known as broad-based in regulatory parlance while simplifying the KYC (or
Know-Your-Customer) document requirement for overseas investors.
The regulator has also allowed central banks of countries that are
not members of Bank for International Settlement (BIS) to register as FPIs
in India since, as per SEBI, such entities are “relatively long term, low
risk investors directly/indirectly managed by the government”. FPIs have
cumulatively sold shares worth over Rs. 22,000 crore in July and August.
Centre asks dairy cooperative sectors to reduce plastic use
The Centre has asked all milk cooperatives and private dairies to
halve plastic usage by October 2, by subsidising one litre packs to
discourage the use of 500 ml packs and by offering a rebate to customers who
return the plastic pouches which can then be recycled.
However, the country’s biggest milk coop which generates about
2.8crore plastic packets per day says such buyback schemes are not viable.
In his Independence Day speech, Prime Minister NarendraModi had
called for an end to single use plastics. The milk industry is one of the
largest users of single use plastics, with the growing use of disposable
pouches replacing milk vendors and vending machines in many areas.
Under the Extended Producer Responsibility component of the
Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, revised in 2018, industries are
already required to recover and recycle part of the plastic packaging they
At a meeting with major dairy stake holders , the Animal Husbandry
and Dairying Secretary Atul Chaturvedi requested the cooperatives which own
the Amul and Mother Dairy brands to create a protocol and action plan to
recycle milk pouches.
India-Russia to mutually support each other’s sovereignity
India and Russia have reiterated their longstanding position of
mutual support for each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity and
non-interference of third parties.
National Security Advisor AjitDoval and his Russian counterpart
Nikolai Patrushev met in Moscow today and held a discussion on regional and
international issues and reaffirmed their intention to intensify
A release by the Ministry of External Affairs said, they also
discussed the bilateral cooperation between the two National Security
Mr Doval and Mr Patrushev reviewed preparations for Prime Minister
NarendraModi's visit to Vladivostok for the Eastern Economic Forum in early
The National Security Advisor also met Dmitry Rogozin who is the
Director of Russia's space agency, ROSCOSMOS, to review ongoing cooperation
in the field of space and India's Gaganyaan programme.
Mr Rogozin applauded the progress of Chandrayaan and conveyed
Russia’s support for the success of the Mission. The two sides discussed
space cooperation, which is expected to figure prominently in the Bilateral
summit in Vladivostok.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Study reveals long term exposure to vehicle exhaust could cause eye disease
Long-term exposure to pollutants from vehicle exhaust is linked to
a heightened risk of age-related macular degeneration or AMD, say
In a study of nearly 40,000 people in Taiwan, researchers found
that high levels of exhaust could nearly double the risk of the condition,
which damages the macula, the part of the eye needed for sharp, central
It is one of the most common causes of poor vision in older people
and is most likely caused by an interplay between genetic and environmental
The study, published in the Journal of Investigative Medicine ,
shows that exposure to the highest levels of air pollutants was associated
with an almost double risk among those aged 50 and older.
During the monitoring period, a total of 1,442 people developed
cases of AMD.Those with the highest level of exposure to nitrogen dioxide
were nearly twice as likely (91%) to develop AMD than those exposed to the
lowest level.Those exposed to the highest level of carbon monoxide were 84%
more likely to develop AMD.