Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 21 JANUARY 2020
VP calls for preservation and promotion of classical languages
- Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu has called for preservation and
promotion of classical languages saying that they provide the window to our
past and the civilizational values of ancient India.
- Mr Venkaiah Naidu, who arrived at Venkatachalam in Nellore district of
Andhra Pradesh by a Special train on a two-day visit to Sri PottiShriramulu,
interacted with the scholars, writers and experts in Telugu Language today.
- The Vice President said that our classical languages represent the
knowledge and wisdom of our ancient thinkers, scientists, poets, sages,
doctors, philosophers and rulers.
- He stressed the need to preserve and promote classical languages. Mr
Naidu’s discussions with scholars centeredaround the promotion of classical
Telugu language and the development of the Centre of Excellence for Studies
in Classical Telugu (CESCT).
- While referring to some reports, Mr Naidu expressed concern over the
fact that more than 40 languages or dialects in India are considered to be
endangered and are believed to be heading towards extinction as only a few
thousand people speak them.
Supreme court rejects Nirbhaya case convicts claim on juvenility
- The Supreme Court today rejected the plea of a death row convict in the
Nirbhaya gang rape and murder case challenging the Delhi High Court order.
The High Court had dismissed Pawan Kumar Gupta's claim of being a juvenile
at the time of the commission of the offence.
- A bench comprising Justices R Banumathi, Ashok Bushan, and A S Bopanna
dismissed the plea of the death row convict, Pawan Kumar Gupta, and upheld
the Delhi High Court verdict.
- The apex court said, there was no ground to interfere with the high
court order that rejected Pawan's plea and his claim was rightly rejected by
the trial court as also the high court.
- Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, appearing for Delhi police, said the
convict was 19 years old at the time of offence and there is a certified
copy of his birth certificate as well as a school-leaving certificate which
was taken on record by each and every judicial forum.
UNCTAD report says India amongst top 10 FDI recipients
- The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) on
Monday said thatIndia was among the top 10 recipients of Foreign Direct
Investment (FDI) in 2019, attracting $49 billion in inflows, a 16% increase
from the previous year, driving the FDI growth in South Asia. The majority
went into services industries, including information technology.
- UNCTAD, in its Global Investment Trend Monitor report said that the
global foreign direct investment remained flat in 2019 at $1.39 trillion, a
1% decline from a revised $1.41 trillion in 2018.
- As per the multilateral agency, FDI flows to developed countries
remained at a historically low level, decreasing by a further 6% per cent to
an estimated $643 billion.
- FDI to the European Union fell 15% to $305 billion while flows to the
United States-the largest recipient of FDI- remained stable at $251 billion.
- China, the second largest recipient, saw zero-growth in FDI inflows. Its
FDI inflows in 2018 were $139 billion and $140 billion in 2019. The FDI in
the UK was down 6% as Brexit unfolded.
- Going ahead, UNCTAD expects FDI flows to rise moderately in 2020, as
current projections show the global economy to improve somewhat from its
weakest performance since the global financial crisis in 2009.
- It said that GDP growth, gross fixed capital formation and trade are
projected to rise, both at the global level and, especially, in several
large emerging markets.
WEF annual council meeting held at Davos
- The 50th Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum, a congregation of
rich and powerful from across the world, opens in Davos, Switzerland today.
Commerce and Industry Minister PiyushGoyal will lead the Indian delegation
to the WEF.
- Besides, over 100 CEOs, political leaders including Union Ministers and
Chief Ministers will take part in the 50th edition of the annual event. WEF
founder and executive chairman Klaus Schwab said in his welcome message last
night that he is proud to have created a community of some great people,
including young leaders, through this platform.
- The welcome message was followed by the annual crystal awards and this
year's recipients included celebrity film star DeepikaPadukone. The awards
are given to cultural leaders, who are improving the state of the world
through their contributions to inclusive and sustainable change.
- Receiving the award, Padukone said that people must understand
depression and anxiety are like any other illness and can be treated and her
own experience has encouraged her to work for this cause.
- This year's programme focuses on achieving maximum impact on the Forum's
platform for public-private cooperation across six core areas of activity:
ecology, economy, society, industry, technology, and geopolitics.
Myanmar commission finds war crimes and human rights violation by armed
forces at Rakhine
- The Myanmar government appointed Independent Commission of Enquiry (ICOE)
has observed that the security operations conducted between Aug. 25 and
Sept. 5, 2017, in the Rakhine state did involve war crimes, serious human
rights violations and violations of domestic laws. However, it did not find
any evidence of ‘genocidal intent’ in the operations.
- In a press statement issued today the ICOE said that it found no
evidence to conclude that the armed forces of Myanmar conducted the
operations in the Rakhine state against any national, ethnic, racial or
religious group to commit genocide.
- The 461 page report submitted by the ICOE to the Myanmar President U Win
Myint on Monday contradicts the report of the UN investigators which
concluded that the Myanmar armed forces indulged in acts of genocide in the
operations conducted against Rohingyas.
- The ICOE report says that the clearance operations by the Myanmar’s
Defence Services and Police Force were provoked by the initial attacks by
the ArakanRohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) on police outposts in the area on
August 25, 2017.
- Myanmar government set up the ICOE in 2018 to investigate allegations of
human rights violations and related issues following the terrorist attacks
by ARSA in Rakhine State.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Researchers develop AI aided method for automatic reading of legal
- Researchers at IIT Kharagpur have evolved an artificial
intelligence-aided method to automate reading of legal judgements. A
research team at the institute's Department of Computer Science and
Engineering has developed two deep neural models to understand the
rhetorical roles of sentences in a legal case judgement.
- This could be unique in India where the country uses a Common Law system
that prioritises the doctrine of legal precedence over statutory law and
where legal documents are often written in an unstructured way, a member of
the team said.
- This artificial intelligence-powered method would enable automated
understanding of the roles of sentences in a legal case judgement, which is
important as it can help in several downstream tasks such as summarisation
of legal judgements, legal search, case law analysis, and other functions.
- In countries such as USA, Britain, Japan, Singapore and Australia,
artificial intelligence is being used to perform legal research, review
documents during litigation and conduct due diligence, analyse contracts to
determine whether they meet pre-determined criteria and to even predict case
outcomes, it added.
India clinches ODI series against Australia
- India beat Australia by 7 wickets inthe third and final ODI cricket in
Bengaluru last night and clinched the series2-1. Opting to bat first,
Australia posted a competitive total of 286 for ninein the stipulated 50
- In reply, India scored 289 for 3 in 47.3 overs. Skipper ViratKohli
scored 89.He was adjudged the Man of the series. Rohit Sharma slammed his
29th One-DayInternational century.
- He also became the third-fastest batsman to score 9,000 runs in the
50-over format ashe went past the likes of Sachin Tendulkar and
SouravGanguly to achieve thefeat.