Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 16 SEPTEMBER 2019
Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams -
16 SEPTEMBER 2019
Press council issues guidelines to report cases of mental illness and
The Press Council of India (PCI) has issued guidelines for the
reporting of cases of suicide and mental illness.
Under the guidelines, set forth in a press release issued on
Friday, the PCI said that while reporting mental illness, “the media shall
not publish photograph or any other information of the person undergoing
treatment at a mental health establishment without the consent of the
As for suicide cases, the PCI adopted certain guidelines from the
World Health Organization’s Preventing suicide: a resource for media
The PCI said newspapers and news agencies must not “place stories
about suicide prominently and unduly repeat such stories”.
PCI secretary AnupamaBhatnagar said this was the first time the
PCI had come up with such guidelines. “Now that the guidelines have been
adopted by the PCI, they have become part of journalistic conduct,”
Ms.Bhatnagar said. Anyone could lodge a complaint with the PCI about the
violation of these guidelines.
Survey of India plans to map country using drones
India’s oldest scientific department, the Survey of India (SoI) —
historically tasked with mapping the country will for the first time rely on
drones to map the country.
Other than unprecedented detail, a consequence of the mapping will
be creating high resolution maps of land in villages facilitating the
digitisation of land titles in villages, according to officials involved
with the survey.
The aim is to map 75% of India’s geography— about 2.4 million sq
km of the 3.2 million sqkm within the next two years. The organisation aims
to procure about 300 drones sofar about 30 have been sourced for the
gargantuan exercise. However forests, hills and deserts are likely to be
Exports contract by 6 % and trade deficit widens
India’s exports contracted 6.05% in August to $26.13 billion,
official data released on Friday showed. The trade deficit widened
marginally to $13.45 billion.
The sectors that saw notable contraction in their exports include
rice (-23.95%), other cereals (-41.8%), oil meals (-44.4%), and oil seeds
(-31.8%). Iron ore exports, notably, grew by a whopping 356.7%.
“Imports in August 2019 were $39.58 billion (₹2,81,606.41crore),
which was 13.45% lower in dollar terms and 11.46% lower in rupee terms over
imports of $45.73 billion (₹3,18,043.86 crore) in August 2018.”
The major commodity groups that saw a contraction in imports in
August include coal, coke and briquettes (-23.75%), organic and inorganic
chemicals (-14.95%), petroleum, crude and products (-8.9%), electrical and
non-electrical machinery (-8.8%), and electronic goods (-4.12%).
HRD ministry brings in bill to register Engineers and follow ethics code
Soon, engineers will have to register with a body to be able to
practise their trade. A Bill to that effect is taking shape under the aegis
of the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and the Ministry of
Human Resource Development.
The first draft of the Bill has been submitted to the Ministry,
which has recommended changes. It has been suggested having a council to
register engineers on the lines of those that exist for lawyers, doctors and
pharmacists. The Bill has been drafted by a committee constituted by the
The suggestion for a Bill came from E. Sreedharan, architect of
the Delhi Metro Rail, who mooted a code of ethics and a council.
AICTE chairman Anil D. Sahasrabuddhetold that the committee had
handed over its recommendations. “Right now, it is in the discussion stage.
Some changes are required. It will take some time,” he said.
Iran signed a $440 million contract on Saturday with local company
Petropars to develop the Belal gas field in the Gulf, Iranian state
television reported, saying the country's vital energy sector was active
despite U.S. sanctions.
“This contract and other upcoming contracts show that we are
working under the sanctions. The sanctions have not stopped us and we are
active,” Oil Minister BijanZanganeh said at the signing ceremony in remarks
carried by state TV.
Under the deal signed with a subsidiary of the state-run National
Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), Petropars is to produce 500 million cubic feet
per day of gas, state TV said.
Belal, a field shared with Qatar, straddles the maritime boundary
between Iran and Qatar in the Gulf.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Scientists develop new alternatives to silicon diodes
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and
Research (IISER) Pune have fabricated a non-silicon, organic–inorganic
hybrid diode that not only shows high electrical conductivity but also high
current rectification ratio.
The current rectification ratio obtained is comparable with
commercial silicon diodes. A diode allows current to flow in only one
In the case of silicon diodes, the current rectification ratio is
in the order of 105-108, where 106 denotes one million times. The team led
by NirmalyaBallav from the Department of Chemistry at IISER Pune was able to
achieve current rectification ratio close to one million times.
Since the coordination polymer is less conducting and almost
behaves like an insulating material, the researchers doped it with a redox-active
molecule. The top portion of the coordination polymer is doped while the
bottom portion is not. The doped top layer becomes highly conductive. The
doped and undoped portions together behave like a p–n junction diode.
PankajAdvani wins world billiards title
One of India's most consistent sportspersons, PankajAdvani, today
increased his tally of world titles to 22 by winning a fourth straight final
in the 150-up format at the IBSF World Billiards Championship in Myanmar.
PankajAdvani defeated Nay Thway of Myanmar.