Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 14 MAY 2019
VP stress role of social science research in policy formulation
- The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has called
upon social science researchers to come up with innovative and out-of-box
solutions to address various problems confronting the world from eradicating
poverty to achieving sustainable development.
- Speaking at the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of the Indian Council
of Social Science Research (ICSSR), the Vice President said the objective of
every research outcome should be to better the lives of the people. The
upliftment of the poor should be the goal of social science research. As
such, any research would be incomplete if the researcher failed to spend
time in the field and with the people.
- Urging social science researchers to find solutions to societal
problems, the Vice President he stressed the need for inclusive development,
reaching the unreached and funding the unfunded. Achieving sustainable
developmental goals, taking care of the health of the population,
alleviating poverty, mitigating the urban-rural divide and the challenges
faced by the agriculture require a fresh and practical approach, he added.
- Stating that tight boundaries between various disciplines have
almost disappeared, the Vice President said that today’s researchers cannot
confine themselves to compartmentalized silos and must have a basic
understanding of other related disciplines. For example, health, education
and environment cannot be confined to particular disciplines, he added.
Supreme Court suspends NGT order on illegal sand mining in Andhra
The Supreme Court has suspended the NGT order
directing the Andhra Pradesh government to deposit 100 crore rupees with the
Central Pollution Control Board for inaction to prevent illegal sand mining.
In the interest of natural justice, the apex court
allowed the state government to place its perspective before the National
Green Tribunal, NGT with regard to illegal sand mining.
A bench of Justices D Y Chandrachud and Hemant Gupta
in its recent order said that it is permitting Andhra Pradesh to move an
appropriate application before the NGT within two weeks.
On April 4th, the tribunal while asking the state to
deposit 100 crore rupees with the CPCB within a month, directed the chief
secretary to forthwith prohibit all unregulated sand mining.
WTO ministerial meeting begins in New delhi
- Commerce Secretary, Dr.AnupWadhawan, welcomed senior officials of
participating delegations from Developing and Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
who are meeting in New Delhi over two days to discuss key issues and
challenges facing the multi-lateral trading system.
- The logjam in the Appellate Body is a serious threat to the
dispute settlement mechanism of the WTO and the implementation function of
the Organization. The fundamentals of the system are being tested through a
tide of protectionism around the worldvitiating the global economic
environment. The situation does not bode well for developing countries,
including the LDCs.
- The harm that the institutional failure due to the collapse of the
Appellate Body will cause will be felt more in Developing Countries
including LDCs who needthe protection of the rules based system more than
developed countries. There is an urgent need to engage constructively to
preserve the system and come up with constructive solutions to the problem.
- India believes that developing countries need to work together to
protect their interests in the WTO negotiations through preservation of the
core fundamental principles of the WTO. The two-day meet gives an
opportunity to the participating countries of developing a shared WTO reform
proposal on issues of priority and interest for developing countries. This
will help in building a common narrative on issues of importance for
Developing Countries including LDCs.
Growth in CPI index quickens in April
- Retail inflation quickened to a six-month high of 2.92% in April,
driven in large part by accelerating food and fuel inflation, according to
official data released on Monday.
- Growth in the consumer price index (CPI) quickened in April from
2.86% in March.
- Within the index, growth in the food and beverages segment
accelerated to 1.38% in April compared with 0.66% in March. Similarly, the
fuel and light segment saw inflation quickening to 2.56% from 2.34% over the
- “Moreover, food inflation continued to rise with sustained upward
momentum in fruits and vegetables. We expect this trend to continue over the
- Inflation in the pan, tobacco and intoxicants eased to 4.27% in
April from 4.61% in March. Similarly, the clothing and footwear segment saw
inflation slowing to 2.01% from 2.52% over the same period.
- The housing segment saw inflation slowing to 4.76% in April from
4.93% in March.
- “Based on this reading and the slowdown visible in industrial
production, we maintain our call of another rate cut in the August policy,
with the action being dependent on realised outcomes of monsoons and
trajectory of oil prices,” Mr.Prasanna added.
IMF advices Pakistan to stabilise its economic environment
- The International Monetary Fund- IMF has warned that Pakistan is
facing a challenging economic environment and decisive policies and reforms
are needed to stabilise the economy.
- IMF reached a deal on Sunday with the cash-strapped government of
Prime Minister Imran Khan on a USD 6 billion bailout to ward off a financial
- The funding, which still needs approval from the International
Monetary Fund's management, would be provided over three years.
- Pakistan is facing an economic crisis with short supplies of
foreign currency reserves and stagnating growth. In February, its central
bank had the only USD 8 billion left in foreign reserves.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
DRDO test fires ABHYAS-high speed expandable target
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) conducted
successful flight test of ABHYAS - High-speed Expendable Aerial Target
(HEAT) from Interim Test Range, Chandipur in Odisha today.
- Theflight test was tracked by various RADARS & Electro Optic
Systems and proved its performance in fully autonomous way point navigation
- The configuration of ABHYAS is designed on an in-line small gas
turbine engine and uses indigenously developed MEMS based navigation system
for its navigation and guidance.
- The performance of the system was as per simulations carried out
and demonstrated the capability of ABHYAS to meet the mission requirement
for a cost effective HEAT.