Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 13 AUGUST 2019
Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 13 AUGUST 2019
Supreme court to hear plea against regressive measures in Kashmir
A three-judge Bench of the Supreme Court will hear on Tuesday for
the first time a petition highlighting certain “regressive measures” adopted
by the government before the abrogation of Article 370, by which special
rights and privileges accorded to the people of Jammu and Kashmir were
scrapped through a Presidential Order on August 5.
The government, within hours of announcing the notification of the
Presidential Order on August 5, tabled the Bill to reorganise the State of
Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories — Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
The Bill was successfully passed in Parliament.
The Bench led by Justice Arun Mishra will hear the petition filed
by activist TehseenPoonawalla, who has not expressed an opinion on the
amendment to Article 370 but objects to measures adopted by the government,
including the snapping of communication and restrictions imposed on media
Jammu and Kashmir.
He has sought the setting up of a judicial commission to enquire
into the government action and also the release of leaders including former
chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti.
CVC points out requests pending sanction for prosecution against public
Sanction for the prosecution of over 80 public servants, including
four IAS officials, under the Prevention of Corruption Act is awaited from
various government departments for the past over four months. Two cases are
pending since 2013.
According to the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC), 47 such
requests were pending for more than four months as on June 30. The maximum
of seven requests were with the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT),
while five were with the Uttar Pradesh government.
In one case, the request for sanction to prosecute the then
Secretary of Health, B.L. Agarwal, was made to the DoPT in February 2013.
The same month, another request was moved against the then Joint Director
Parmod Singh and two others of the Chhattisgarh government, in connection
with a case registered in 2010.
It included recommendation for major penalty proceedings in 508
cases and minor penalty proceedings in 151 cases as its first-stage advice.
The CVC advised major penalty for 101 cases and minor penalty for 76 cases
as second-stage advice.
National exchanges claim Indian taxes making capital market unattractive
As part of their attempts to lower the trading costs in the Indian
stock markets - which is among the highest globally - the Association of
National Exchanges Members of India (ANMI) has again urged finance minister
NirmalaSitharaman to withdraw long term capital gains tax and also taxation
of dividends in the hands of the investors.
Representatives of the broking body who met the finance minister
last week, told the policy makers that while India is the only country to
levy a tax on equity trading in the form of securities transaction tax (STT),
dividends currently are taxed thrice in the form of corporate tax, dividend
distribution tax and finally at the investor level.
The capital market participants highlighted the fact that while a
tax is levied on all equity market transactions, India also taxes business
income and the capital gains on securities, which, combined with the triple
taxation on dividends, make the Indian capital market quite unattractive
Import of textile machinery on a high note
Import of textile machinery and accessories in 2018-2019 grew 24%
compared to the previous year, Jugal Kishore Pansari, president of Indian
Textile Accessories and Machinery Manufacturers’ Association, said here on
Total import of textile machinery and accessories last financial
year was worth $1,165 million. The highest imports were of digital printing
machinery ($430.20 million), accounting for 37% of the total imports.
Weaving machines worth $135.58 million and spinning machinery and
accessories worth $96.12 million were imported last fiscal. Import of
spinning products and machinery grew 41.85%.
“Digital printing is a happening segment in textiles. The new
machines are versatile and fast and save on water. Hence, the demand is high
for these. Several textile engineering multinational companies have started
operations in India and they import parts and accessories,” Mr.Pansari said.
The data shows the potential available for the Indian textile
engineering sector. There is an opportunity for the machinery and spares
manufacturers to meet the domestic needs, he added.
UN to probe North Korean cyber attacks in various countries
UN experts say they are investigating at least 35 instances in 17
countries of North Koreans using cyberattacks to illegally raise money for
weapons of mass destruction programs — and they are calling for sanctions
against ships providing gasoline and diesel to the country.
Last week, The Associated Press quoted a summary of a report from
the experts which said that North Korea illegally acquired as much as $2
billion from its increasingly sophisticated cyber activities against
financial institutions and cryptocurrency exchanges.
The experts said they are investigating the reported attacks as
attempted violations of UN sanctions, which the panel monitors.
The report cites three main ways that North Korean cyber hackers
operate. One is attacks through the Society for Worldwide Interbank
Financial Telecommunication or SWIFT system used to transfer money between
banks, “with bank employee computers and infrastructure accessed to send
fraudulent messages and destroy evidence.”
Experts stressed that implementing these increasingly
sophisticated attacks “is low risk and high yield,” often requiring just a
laptop computer and access to the internet.
The report to the Security Council gives details on some of the
North Korean cyberattacks as well as the country’s successful efforts to
evade sanctions on coal exports in addition to imports of refined petroleum
products and luxury items including Mercedes Benz S-600 cars.
Afghanistan rejects foreign interference during peace talks
Afghanistan's President has rejected foreign interference as the
United States and the Taliban appear to be closing in on a peace deal
without the Afghan government at the table.
President Ashraf Ghani spoke during the Muslim holiday Eid Al Adha and as
US and Taliban negotiators continue their work in the Gulf nation of Qatar,
where the insurgents have a political office.
Speaking after the Eid prayers, Ghani insisted that next month's
presidential election is essential so that Afghanistan's leader will have a
powerful mandate to decide the country's future after years of war.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Researchers find out reason for shift in rainfall pattern
For the first time, researchers from the Indian Institute of
Technology (IIT) Bombay have found that even a change in irrigation policy
has the potential to shift monsoon rainfall and intensify extreme rainfall
in India through its feedback to atmosphere.
They have further found the reason behind the shift in the summer
monsoon rainfall towards northwestern India and intensification of extreme
rainfall over central India during the month of September.
It became possible to understand what causes the monsoon to shift
and the role of irrigation as the researchers developed a module of
land-surface model that takes into account the actual soil irrigation and
agriculture pattern seen in India.
Land-surface processes including irrigation affect the heat fluxes
— temperature related and evapotranspiration. Modified heat fluxes along
with changes in atmosphere moisture content and distribution result in a
shift in rainfall towards northwestern part of the country and increased
extreme rainfall over central India during September.
“We need more detailed irrigation data for southern India to
perform much better analysis of land-surface feedback of human-natural
systems,” an expert says.