Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 12 September 2018
Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 12 September 2018
Supreme court expresses concern about aravallis
The Supreme Court on Tuesday ordered the demolition of structures built
illegally by a prominent builder in the protected forests of the Aravallis,
noting that ecological damage done by colonisers to the ancient hills was
irreversible and “quite frightening.”
It held that these illegal structures defy a Haryana government
notification of August 18, 1992, issued under the Punjab Land Preservation
Act, declaring the area as forest land and fragile.
The court, however, ordered not to disturb constructions made between
April 17, 1984 and August 18, 1992. These structures were built on the basis
of an exemption given to Kant & Co. by the State’s town planning department
under the Haryana Development and Regulation of Urban Areas Act of 1975 for
setting up a “film studio and allied complex” in the area. The exemption was
removed when the August 18, 1992 notification kicked in.
Health ministry brings in HIV/AIDS act notifications
Safeguarding the rights of people living with and affected by HIV, the
Union Health Ministry has issued a notification to bring in force from
Monday the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017.
“Provisions of the Act address HIV-related discrimination, strengthen
existing programme by bringing in legal accountability, and establish formal
mechanisms for inquiring into complaints and redressing grievances,” noted a
release issued by the Ministry.
The Ministry said the Act seeks to prevent and control the spread of HIV
and AIDS, and prohibits discrimination against affected persons. The Act
lists various grounds on which discrimination against HIV positive persons
and those living with the condition is prohibited.
These include the denial, termination, discontinuation or unfair
treatment with regard to: employment, educational establishments, health
care services, residing or renting property, standing for public or private
office, and provision of insurance (unless based on actuarial studies). The
requirement for HIV testing as a prerequisite for obtaining employment or
accessing health care or education is also prohibited.
Former RBI governor warns about bad loans
Former RBI Governor RaghuramRajan has cautioned that the next crisis in
India’s banking sector could come from loans given to the unorganised micro
and small businesses, called MUDRA loans, and credit extended through the
Kisan credit card.
A total of Rs. 6.37 lakh crore has been disbursed under the scheme by
public and private sector banks, regional rural banks and micro-finance
institutions till date, as per data from the Micro Units Development and
Refinance Agency (MUDRA) website.
In a note on bank non-performing assets (NPAs) prepared at the request
of MurliManohar Joshi, Chairman of the Parliament Estimates Committee,
Dr.Rajan said the government should refrain from setting ambitious credit
targets or from waiving loans.
He also flagged the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small
Industries Development Bank of India, calling it “a growing contingent
liability” that needs to be examined with urgency.
Railway ministry launches Rail Sahyog web portal
Indian Railways, with its vast network and presence across the length
and breadth of the country, has always been at the forefront to serve the
society. Inspired by the vision of Hon’ble Prime Minister for a New India by
2022, Railways is taking various initiatives for upgrading its
infrastructure, technology, hygiene among host of other things for an
enhanced passenger experience.
The Indian Railways has identified opportunities in areas wherein
corporate collaborations can be fostered which can positively impact the
entire ecosystem under Railways. In this regard, the Minister of Railways
and Coal, ShriPiyushGoyal launched a web portal www.railsahyog.in today.
The Minister further added that the portal has been envisaged as a
platform for all including individuals as also private & public organisation
to contribute towards CSR activities in association with Indian Railways.
Once ready, it will be India’s first, a force multiplier and cruise the
country into a global elite club. Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) is
gearing up to undertake sea trials of India’s first missile tracking ship by
the first week of October.
The keel of the ship, which was laid on June 30, 2014, is being built
for the National Technical Research Organisation, the technical intelligence
agency working directly under the supervision of the Prime Minister’s Office
and the National Security Adviser.
Considered a “topmost secret project”, a lot of confidentiality is being
maintained in executing the project costing about Rs. 750 crore. It will be
named after its induction into the Indian Navy. For now, it is simply
referred as VC 11184.
The ship was built inside the covered dry dock. It has the capacity to
carry 300-strong crew with hi-tech gadgets and communication equipment,
powered by two diesel engines, and a large deck capable of helicopter
UN warns on global hunger rise
The number of hungry people in the world is growing again, in large part
due to climate change that is wreaking havoc on crop production in much of
the developing world, the United Nations said on Tuesday.
Major UN agencies said in an annual report that the number of hungry
people facing chronic food deprivation increased to 821 million in 2017 from
804 million in 2016, reversing recent downward trends.
Analysis in the report found that climate variability, extreme drought
and floods are already undermining production of wheat, rice and maize in
tropical and temperate regions, and that the trend is expected to worsen as
temperatures increase and become more extreme.
With hunger on the rise for the past three years, the report called for
policies to target groups most vulnerable to malnutrition, including
infants, children, adolescent girls and women. It called for greater efforts
to promote policies that help communities build resilience.
Mr. Beasley said if the world is failing today with a population at 7.5
billion and with all the wealth and technology available, “wait until 30
years from now when we have 10 billion people, when people in London, in
Washington, in Chicago and Paris don’t have enough to eat.” At the same time
as hunger is increasing globally, rates of adult obesity are also on the
rise, the report said.