Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 10 February 2021

SSC CGL Current Affairs

Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 10 February 2021

::NATIONAL::

IIT Kharagpur developed solar-powered insecticide sprayer for small farm farms

  • A team of researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur has developed an energy-efficient pest controlling device for smaller agricultural tracts owned by marginal farmers.
  • The team has built a self-propelled boom-type sprayer that can be operated using solar energy while safely guided through the crops in smaller tracts of land.
  • According to the team, which has also filed a patent, the semi-automated device is aimed at increasing field capacity and uniformity in liquid spraying, and also to reduce drudgery to the operator and dependency on fossil fuels for carrying out spraying in cropped areas.
  • "A set of solar-powered battery acts as the power source of the DC motor to propel the spraying unit as well as for running the pump. Unlike a knapsack sprayer, the liquid storage tank is of bigger capacity, and it is carried on a solar-powered three-wheeler trolley," said Hifjur Raheman, professor at IIT Kharagpur.

::INTERNATIONAL::

Myanmar largest trade union joins civil disobedience movement: Report

  • The union said that any official who forced protesting employees to resign or to leave their housing provisions would face charges.
  • One of Myanmar largest labour group, the Confederation of Trade Unions of Myanmar (CTUM) on Wednesday vowed to prosecute officials who take punitive actions against government workers who are participating in the ongoing civil disobedience movement against the military coup, reported Myanmar Times.
  • The union said that any official who forced protesting employees to resign or to leave their housing provisions would face charges.
  • It condemned the aged practice of some officials who punish protesting government employees by forcing them to quit public service and to leave their housing provisions.
  • CTUM is monitoring the government workers participating in the current protest against the newly established military rule.
  • The union also said that it will provide free medical services to those who suffered from fear and serious trauma because of the actions of some unscrupulous officials, who allegedly misused their authorities, reported Myanmar Times.

::ECONOMY::

247 central government public companies made a profit of Rs 1.78 lakh crore during 2018-19: CAG

  • India’s nationwide auditor has mentioned that 247 central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) earned profit of Rs 1.78 lakh crore throughout 2018-19, of which 73% was contributed by 63 corporations in sectors of petroleum, coal and lignite and energy.

However, the Comptroller Auditor General (CAG)

  • flagged that 189 CPSEs had gathered losses of Rs 1.4 lakh crore as on March 31, 2019, of which web value of 77 corporations had been utterly eroded as a result of gathered losses.
  • “As a result, the aggregate net worth of these companies had become negative to the extent of Rs 83,394 crore,” the company mentioned in the General Purpose Financial Report of CPSEs laid in Parliament on Tuesday.
  • It added that 100 CPSEs declared a dividend of Rs 71,857 crore in the course of the 12 months 2018-19. Out of this, the dividend obtained or receivable by central authorities amounted to Rs 36,709 crore which represented 9.16% return on the full funding of over Rs 4 lakh crore by the Centre in all 434 CPSEs that have been reviewed by the CAG.
  • The company additional mentioned that return on fairness for presidency from the 247 CPSEs was 18.58% in 2018-19, decrease than 19.03% in 225 CPSEs in 2017-18.
  • The CAG famous that deviations from the provisions of accounting requirements in preparation of monetary statements in 27 CPSEs have been seen by the statutory auditors, whereas it identified such deviations in 10 CPSEs.
  • Compared to the earlier 12 months, holding of the central authorities in fairness of CPSEs registered a web improve of Rs 40,370 crore and loans excellent elevated by Rs 60,699 crore throughout 2018-19. The loans given by Centre excellent as on 31 March 2019 amounted to Rs 1.49 lakh crore.

::SCIENCE AND TECH::

UAE Unmanned Space Probe Enters Mars Orbit

  • The United Arab Emirates’ first mission to Mars has entered the red planet’s orbit after a seven-month, 494 million kilometres (307 million miles) journey, allowing it to start sending data about the Martian atmosphere and climate.
  • Officials at mission control broke into applause on Tuesday, visibly relieved after a tense half-hour as Amal, Arabic for hope, carried out a “burn” to slow itself enough to be pulled in by the Martian gravity.
  • “To the people of the UAE, to the Arab and Muslim nations, we announce the successful arrival to Mars orbit. Praise be to God,” said Omran Sharaf, the mission’s project manager.
  • Amal had to perform a series of turns and engine firings to manoeuvre into orbit, reducing its speed to 18,000kmph (11,200mph) from more than 121,000kmph (75,000mph).
  • Probes launched by China and NASA just after the UAE’s lift-off in July last year are also set to reach the planet this month.
  • The Emirates Mars Mission, which has cost approximately $200m, launched the Hope Probe from a Japanese space centre.
  • The Mars programme is part of the UAE’s efforts to develop its scientific and technological capabilities and reduce its reliance on oil. Its space agency has a plan for a Mars settlement by 2117.

::SPORTS::

England beat India in first Test 

  • England beat India by 227 runs in the first test match at the MA Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai on Tuesday. The visitors put a mammoth total of 420 runs. 
  • India were bundled out for 192 runs in their second innings, as wickets fell like nine pins to some great reverse swing by James Anderson (3/17) and fine spin bowling by Jack Leach (4/76).

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