Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 1 SEPTEMBER 2019
Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams -
1 SEPTEMBER 2019
Assam publishes final National register of citizens (NRC) list
More than 19 lakh of the 3.29 crore applicants in Assam were left
out of the final National Register of Citizens (NRC) that was published on
Saturday to conclude a Supreme Court-monitored exercise that took five years
and ₹1,220 crore.
According to rights groups, the exercise also made people in Assam
— mostly Hindus and Muslims of Bengal origin under suspicion of being
illegal immigrants spend more than ₹7,800 crore on hearings, besides
claiming the lives of around 60 people.
Each excluded person will have 120 days to file an appeal at any
of the existing 100 Foreigners’ Tribunals 200 more are to be established
within a month which in turn will have to dispose of the cases within six
months. The appellant then has the option of approaching the High Court and
The process of receipt of NRC application forms started in May
2015 and ended on August 31, 2015. A total of 3,30,27,661 members applied
through 68,37,660 applications. The particulars submitted by the applicants
were taken up for scrutiny to determine the eligibility of their inclusion
in the NRC.
Releasing the final data, the NRC authority headed by the apex
court-appointed State Coordinator PrateekMr.Hajela said the updating
exercise started in 2013 under the apex court’s watch.
“The process of NRC update in Assam differs from the rest of the
country and is governed by Rule 4A and the corresponding Schedule of the
Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards)
Rules, 2003. These rules were framed as per the cut-off date of the midnight
of March 24, 1971, enshrined in the Assam Accord of 1985,” he said.
EC launches mega electoral verification programme
The Election Commission today launched new mega Electors
Verification Programme (EVP) across the country. The programme, which seeks
to electoral rolls through crowdsourcing, will go on till 15th of October.
Under the programme, a voter from each family will get a username
and password, allowing a person to upload all documents related to electoral
registration and tag similar details about his or her family members.
These details will then be verified by block-level officers. It
will be done by 36 CEOs at the state headquarters level, by 740 district
electoral officers at the district level and by BLOs and electoral
registration officers in around one million polling stations.
The EVP programme can be effected both online and offline. On the
occasion of the nationwide mega million launch of Electors Verification
Programme, a special camp was held at Election Commission Headquarters in
Switzerland to share data with Indian tax authorities
Banking details of Indians with accounts in Switzerland will be
available to tax authorities here from Sunday as the automatic exchange of
information regime kicks off between the two countries.
The move, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) said, is a
significant step in the government’s fight against black money and the era
of “Swiss bank secrecy” will finally be over from September.
The first automatic exchange of financial account information (AEOI)
under the provisions common reporting standard will start from September
“India will receive information of the calendar year 2018 in
respect of all financial accounts held by Indian residents in Switzerland,”
the CBDT said in a statement.
The information will include accounts that were closed during
2018.During the meeting, both sides discussed bilateral exchange of
information matters to expedite execution of tax information sharing
requests made by India in specific cases, it said.
RBI data says high denomination notes in circulation have declined
The ₹2,000 currency notes introduced during the demonetisation
exercise of 2016 have dropped in circulation in the last one year ended in
According to data in the Reserve Bank of India’s annual report,
there were 3,363 million pieces of such notes in circulation as at end March
2018, which was 3.3% of the total currency in circulation, in terms of
volume. In value terms, the ₹2,000 notes’ share in total currency
circulation was 37.3%.
The number of pieces dropped to 3,291 million in the year ended
March 2019, which was 3% in terms of volume and 31.2% in value of total
circulation. At the same time, the number of ₹500 notes significantly
increased to 21,518 million pieces from 15,469 million pieces during the
period under review.
The ₹500 notes, as at end March 2019, was 19.8% of the total
circulation in volume (as compared to 15.1%) and 51% in terms of value (as
compared to 42.9% in end March 2018).
There was a sharp increase in the value of ₹500 banknotes in
circulation from 42.9% to 51.0% over the year,” the report said.
Israel PM pledges to annex settlements in west bank
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu intends to annex Israeli
settlements in the occupied West Bank, he said on Sunday, reiterating an
election promise made five months ago but again giving no timeframe.
Settlements are one of the most heated issues in the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Palestinians have voiced fears that Mr.
Netanyahu could defy international consensus and move ahead with annexation
with possible backing from U.S. President Donald Trump, a close ally.
With publication of a U.S. peace plan still pending, Mr. Trump has
already recognised Israel’s 1981 annexation of the Golan Heights, territory
Israel captured from Syria in the 1967 Middle East war.
Palestinians seek to make the West Bank part of a future state
that would include the Gaza Strip and have East Jerusalem as its capital.
Israel captured those areas in 1967 and moved troops and settlers out of
Gaza in 2005.
China and U.S begins fresh tariff wars
China and the United States began imposing additional tariffs on
each other’s goods on Sunday, the latest escalation in a bruising trade war,
despite signs that talks would resume some time this month.
A new round of tariffs took effect from 0401 GMT, with Beijing’s
levy of 5% on U.S. crude marking the first time the fuel has been targeted
since the world’s two largest economies started their trade war more than a
The Trump administration will begin collecting 15% tariffs on more
than $125 billion in Chinese imports, including smart speakers, Bluetooth
headphones and many types of footwear.
China has consistently denied Washington’s accusations that it
engages in unfair trade practices, vowing to fight back in kind and
criticising U.S. measures as protectionist.
China has also pressed the United States to cancel the tariff
increase, but said last week that a September round of talks was being
discussed between the two.
The trade war further strains Beijing-Washington ties, already
overshadowed by U.S. freedom of navigation exercises near Chinese-occupied
islands in the disputed South China Sea, and U.S. support for self-ruled and
democratic Taiwan, which China claims as its own.
Researchers develop fingerprint of earth’s atmosphere
Astronomers at Canada’s McGill University have made a
“fingerprint” for the Earth, which could be used to identify a potentially
life sustaining planet beyond the solar system.
Using over a decade of observations of the Earth’s atmosphere
taken by the SCISAT satellite, McGill Physics student Evelyn Macdonald, and
her supervisor Prof Nicolas Cowan have constructed a transit spectrum of
Earth — a detail on the fingerprint-like unique composition of our planet’s
The fingerprint includes the simultaneous occurrence of both ozone
and methane, which happens only when there is an organic source of these
compounds on the planet, says the study.
For making this observation, the satellite’s instruments must wait
for a planet to pass over the star. If the telescopes are sensitive enough,
astronomers can potentially identify chemicals in such planets like carbon
dioxide, oxygen, or water vapour which are molecules that improve the
chances that a planet is habitable, or even inhabited, said Cowan.
The McGill University astronomers add that this system might be a
promising place to search for a fingerprint similar to Earth’s since the
planets here are orbiting a star which is smaller and colder than our Sun.