Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 07 MARCH 2020
Supreme court uphold land acquisition proceedings under 1894act
- A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court on Friday held that land
acquisition proceedings under the 1894 Act will not be deemed to have lapsed
under Section 24(2) of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in
Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, if the
authorities have tendered the compensation by deposit in the Treasury.
- A five-judge Bench, led by Justice Arun Mishra, held that landowners,
who had refused to accept compensation or who sought reference for higher
compensation, cannot claim that the acquisition proceedings had lapsed under
Section 24(2) of the 2013 Act.
- With this, the Constitution Bench has affirmed the February 2018 ruling
on Section 24 by a three-judge Bench, led by Justice Mishra himself, in the
Indore Development Authority case. The Bench has overruled an earlier
co-ordinate Bench ruling in the Pune Municipal Corporation case of 2014.
- The new Act, which came into existence on January 1, 2014 replaced the
colonial 1894 law. The provision said that in such cases, if the physical
possession has not been taken “or” the compensation is not paid, the
acquisition proceeding is “deemed to have lapsed”.
- The government, if it so wishes, would have to initiate “fresh
acquisition proceedings” under the new Act of 2013, which provides for “fair
- Further, the court held that a land acquisition proceeding under Section
24(2) would only lapse if the authorities have neither taken physical
possession nor paid the compensation due to the landowner for five or more
years prior to January 1, 2014.
India joins as observer in Indian ocean commission
- India has been approved as an observer state for a five-nation grouping
in the Western Indian Ocean, which includes Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles,
Mauritius and French Reunion.
- The members of the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) decided on India’s
application at a meeting last week, officials said. With the decision, India
will join China, which was made an observer in 2016, as well as the
“International Organisation of the Francophonie” or the 54-nation
French-speaking collective, the European Union (EU) and Malta, which were
all admitted in 2017.
- The decision to join the IOC marks a part of the government’s push for
greater salience in the whole Indian Ocean Region (IOR), including what is
called the Western or African Indian Ocean.
- In December 2019, the Ministry of External Affairs decided to include
Madagascar, Comoros and Reunion as part of the IOR (Indian Ocean Region)
desk along with Sri Lanka, Maldives, Mauritius and Seychelles. Subsequently,
they have been incorporated into one single division under the additional
Secretary (Indo-Pacific) NeenaMalhotra.
- The IOC is also significant for its geographical location, as the
islands sit around a “key choke-point” in the Indian Ocean — the Mozambique
RBI claims enough stock of forex reserves against shocks from epidemic
- Amid the volatility of the Indian currency due to fear of COVID-19
spreading, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Shaktikanta Das said the
country had enough foreign exchange reserves and assured that the central
bank would take all measures needed to secure the economy against the
challenges arising from the deadly epidemic.
- The deadly virus that originated from China has spread to nearly 80
countries and has taken the lives of more than 3,300 people.
- The rupee weakened by 54 paisa on Friday to end the day at 73.87 against
the dollar as fears of the virus spreading continue to make investors
Generic medicines market share moves up 6% in last 5 years
- Generic medicines have gained momentum in the country with its share
shooting to eight per cent from two per cent in the last five years.
- Talking exclusively to AIR News, Minister of State for Chemical and
Fertilizer, MansukhMandaviya said, 7th of March of every year will be
observed as 'Jan AushadiDiwas' and on this occasion, Prime Minister
NarendraModi will interact with 6200 Jan Aushadi stores and the
beneficiaries through video conferencing.
- The Minister said, every day, around three lakh people belonging to poor
and middle class families visit Jan Aushadi stores to get affordable and
- He said, since the 1st of March this year, blood donation camps and
seminars have been organized at the Jan Aushadi stores to create awareness
among the people.
Pakistan opposes India’s security role in Afghanistan
- Foreign Minister Shah MahmoodQureshi has said Pakistan does not want any
security role for India in Afghanistan as he accused New Delhi of playing
the role of a “spoiler” in the war-torn country, according to a media
- Addressing the Senate on Wednesday, Mr.Qureshi said that Pakistan
neither desires any security role for India in Afghanistan nor wants the
presence of militant organisations — al-Qaeda and the ISIS — in the
landlocked country, The Nation reported.
- The Foreign Minister told the Upper House that India had always played
the role of a spoiler, the report said.
- “There were spoilers in the past and they are even today, within and
outside Afghanistan, who want to get their own objectives,”
Mr.Qureshisaid.India has been a key stakeholder in Afghanistan as it has
already spent around $2 billion in reconstruction of the war-ravaged
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
International conference on Nano science and Nano technology held in India
- On March 5, 2020, the Department of Science of Technology operating
under Ministry of Science and Technology organized an International
Conference on Nano-Science and Nano Technology (ICONSAT) at Kolkata.
- The Conference highlighted the current need of India in the field of
Nano-Science. It includes 5Ms namely Material, Mechanical, Manufacturing,
Manpower and Machines. The Conference was attended by more than 450
scientists from all over the world.
- India started its journey of nanotechnology with the launch of “Nano
Science and Technology Initiative” (NSTI) in 2001 for a span of 5 years.In
2007, it was renamed as “Nano Mission”. Nano Mission had wider objectives
and larger funding of 250 million USD.
- This effort paid off well with Indian researchers publishing more than
23,000 papers in the field in next 5 years. In 2013, India ranked third in
research paper publication in the field after China and USA.
- Also, the contribution of private firms on Nano Technology has also been
minimal. India currently works towards producing 10,000 researchers in the
field in the next 10 years as of 2017.
SAI announces first edition of U-21 Khelo India women’s hockey league
- Sports Authority of India, in association with Hockey India today
announced the first edition of the Khelo India Women's Hockey League
Under-21.It will be organized by Hockey India at three different venues in
three phases between March to November.
- While phase one will be held from 23rd to 29th of this month at the
Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, the second phase will be
held from 13th to 19th at the SAI Centre in Bengaluru, followed by the final
one from 22nd to 29th November at the Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar.