Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 07 JANUARY 2020
PM assures industry players on providing transparent atmosphere to grow
- Prime Minister NarendraModi today said that action against a few corrupt
entities should not be seen as the government crackdown on the corporate
- Speaking at Centenary Celebrations of Kirloskar Brothers in New Delhi,
the Prime Minister said, the endeavour of this government has always been to
provide a transparent atmosphere in which the Indian industries can move
ahead without fear and obstacles. He also said, it has always been the
effort of the government to ease the laws to help the industries.
- He noted that currently, the corporate tax rates in the country are as
low as ever before. He said, the target to nearly double the size of the
economy to five trillion dollar is just a phase and the targets are bigger
- The Prime Minister asked the industries to shun pessimism, saying that
the government will stand shoulder to shoulder with Indian industries in its
attempt to expand business in any nook and corner of the country.
- He said, the true strength of the citizens of the country can come to
fore when the government stands not as a hindrance, but stands as their
partner. He said, the country has followed the same path in a few years in
Kerala government makes reading of preamble to constitution mandatory in
- Kerala Chief Minister PinarayiVijayan on Monday said the state
government will take steps to make reading of the preamble to the
Constitution as part of school and college morning assembly.
- The decision has come as a response to the demand by college union
leaders to ensure that constitution studies be made an inevitable part of
the curriculum at a time when the constitution and its values are under
attack, he said.
- "To create social awareness regarding the importance of protecting the
constitution, the state government will take necessary steps to ensure that
preamble of the constitution is read out during school college assembly,"
Vijayan said at the 'Chief Minister's student leaders' conclave here.
- He also said 50 per cent reservation for women representatives in
college union elections was also under consideration.
- Sex education will be made part of the education curriculum,
Vijayansaid.The state is also planning to keep open University libraries
24/7 for students without any restriction for girls," he added.
ICAR moots shift from nutrition security to doubling farmers income by 2022
- At the ongoing Science Congress in Bengaluru, ICAR, Director General
Dr.TrilochanMohapatra told audience at the Farmers Science Congress that
there is a paradigm shift from production and nutrition security to doubling
of farmers’ income by 2022. Speaking after inaugurating Farmers Science
Congress, he said that this shift in thinking was result of a call given by
- Mr Mohapatra said ICAR has developed 56 models of integrated farming in
this direction, which will be promoted with NABARD by linking them to the
Rural Development programmes. He added that these models are right now being
tested on the fields.
- Dr.Mohapatra informed that Farmers Innovation Fund and Innovation
Centres will be set up to encourage innovations made by progressive farmers.
To encourage organic farming, 45 types of Organic Farming systems are
developed in niche areas.
- In another such decision on Prime Minister's direction, country has now
witnessed a revolution in pulses production. He informed that in the last
three years pulses production has increased from five million tonnes to
about nine million tonnes substituting imports worth 10,000 crore rupees.
- In response to another call of Prime Minister, ICAR is making efforts to
reduce the use of fertilizers by introducing Microbial Consortium that
promotes microbes in soil, thereby reducing use of fertilisers. In this
direction Nano fertilisers and nano pesticides are also being developed.
CBIC uses data analytics to identify fraudulent IGST refunds
- The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) in its drive to
check fraudulent availment of IGST refunds, has extensively used data
analytics and matched data with income tax, GST and customs to identify
- Ongoing investigations have thrown up at least 9-star export houses as
‘non-traceable’ at their premises declared on record. All these star export
houses have availed IGST refunds, which is now being questioned by the tax
- Sources in the Finance Ministry said the CBIC has referred the matter to
Directorate General of Foreign Trade seeking a more robust accreditation
process and taking further necessary actions as per law.
- The present ongoing exercise by CGST field formations has revealed
serious issues in compliance behaviour in some cases. In two cases, the
premises were also found sealed and seized by the banks as the exporters had
been declared as Non Performing Assets.
U.S threatens sanctions against Iraq after its parliament votes to expel U.S
- United States President Donald Trump has threatened severe sanctions
against Iraq after its Parliament called on US troops to leave the country.
Yesterday, the Iraqi Parliament voted to expel the US troops from its
- Iraq's move comes in response to the killing of Maj Gen Soleimani, the
head of Iran's elite al-Quds force in a US drone attack on Friday. The
strike also killed the Deputy Chief of Iraq's powerful Hashed al-Shaabi
- Soleimani's killing was the most dramatic escalation yet in spiralling
tensions between Iran and the US, already hit by serious differences over
Tehran's ambitious nuclear programme.
- Meanwhile,North Atlantic Treaty Organization Ambassadors will meet in
Brussels today amid ongoing Middle East tensions, three days after the US
killing of Iranian Major General QassemSoleimani. A NATO official said, the
North Atlantic Council will address the situation in the region.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
NASA team led by Indian origin scientist discovers new group of galaxies
- An international team of astronomers linked to Nasa, led by an
Indian-origin Goa-born scientist, VithalTilvi, have discovered a
never-before-seen group of galaxies, now labelled EGS77, which is the
farthest group of galaxies to have ever been sighted.
- In 2013, Tilvi was also part of a team that discovered the farthest
single galaxy ever sighted by astronomers. The new group of galaxies, EGS77,
is estimated to be over 13 billion light years away from the Earth. It took
Tilvi and team over four years to make the findings.
- This group of galaxies can now help astronomers see the universe
directly in its infancy, and see what were the chemicals present when the
universe was just born.
- “As we look farther and farther, we are looking back in time. This is
because, the starlight which carries information about the galaxy group, is
reaching the Earth now, after travelling for 13 billion years,” Tilvi told.
- The distance of EGS77 from the Earth means it is at the very edge of
what can be observed using the current best technology on a platform like
the Hubble Space Telescope.
- Tilvi is currently a visiting researcher at the School of Earth & Space
Exploration, at the Arizona State University, US, and is contributing to
State Higher Education Council of the government of Goa as a professor of
research, development, and innovation.