Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 07 April 2021

SSC CGL Current Affairs

Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 07 April 2021

::NATIONAL::

World Health Day organized by World Health Organization

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) started the World Health Day campaign way back in its First Health Assembly in 1948 and brought it into effect in 1950 with the motive of promoting awareness about physical and mental health and offer the necessary support. The motive behind World Health Day was to make people understand the importance of universal health coverage. 
  • The World Health Day is held to mark whose founding and is seen as an opportunity by the organization to draw worldwide attention to a subject of major importance to global health each year.
  • The theme for World Health Day 2021 is ‘Building a fairer, healthier world’. Stating that our world is unequal, WHO said that the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted how some people can have better access to health services and live healthier lives than others.
  • The organization has proposed four major steps in achieving its goal. They are working together, collecting reliable data, tackling inequities, and acting beyond borders.

::INTERNATIONAL::

Chinese students introduced to India at Indian Consulate in Guangzhou

  • Indian Consulate in Guangzhou, as part of its outreach activity, invited students of Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou for an interaction.
  • Three Chinese Professors and 40 students from the University participated in the event. They were introduced to various facets of Indian culture including Yoga, Ayurveda and Indian Classical Dance by Chinese speakers. These students are studying Hindi as their major language. They usually go to India for one academic year to study Hindi. Many of them go on ICCR Scholarship to Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, Agra.
  • This year, because of COVID-19 pandemic, they could not go. Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou offers Hindi Language as a major for graduation. The university has 5 Chinese professors and one Indian professor teaching Hindi. The students presented two Hindi Bollywood songs also. On this occasion, Consulate General of India, Guangzhou presented a Madhubani painting to the university.
  • Hindi has been playing a major role in people to people exchange between both the countries. At present, around more than 500 Chinese students are studying Hindi in around 17 Chinese universities as compared to just 11 students in 1980s.

::ECONOMY::

Mukesh Ambani India's richest in Forbes list, Gautam Adani 2nd

  • Reliance Industries chairman MukeshAmbani reclaimed the top spot in the Forbes list of India's 10 richest billionaires, which was announced on Tuesday, with a net worth of $84.5 billion. Ambani was followed by Adani Group chief GautamAdani and HCL founder Shiv Nadar. Put together, the three richest Indians added just over $100 billion, as per Forbes. Forbes also said that the total number of Indian billionaires rose to 140 this year from 102 last year and their combined wealth nearly doubled to $596 billion.
  • MukeshAmbani, who is also Asia’s richest person, diversified his oil and gas empire and dived into sectors such as telecom and retail, which resulted in him retaining the top position. GautamAdani, an infrastructure tycoon, got $42 billion richer as shares of his companies Adani Enterprises and Adani Green Energy soared. Adani unseated RadhakishanDhamani who was previously the second-richest Indian. Forbes said that Adani’s wealth increased five-fold since 2020.
  • In the top ten richest Indians list, two Indians featured who earned their spot owing to investments in the healthcare sector which has witnessed a boost owing to the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic. These two are: Cyrus Poonawalla of the Serum Institute of India (SII) and Sun Pharmaceutical Industries’ DilipShanghavi. SII, which is the world’s largest Covid-19 vaccine maker and has developed the Covishield vaccine, has also been a key supplier for the United Nations (UN)-backed Covax program. 

::SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY::

After death, some cells in human brain remain active: Report

  • Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago analyzed gene expression in fresh brain tissue and found that gene expression in some cells actually increased after death.
  • In the hours after we die, certain cells in the human brain are still active. Some cells even increase their activity and grow to gargantuan proportions, according to new research from the University of Illinois Chicago.
  • In a newly published study in the journal Scientific Reports, the UIC researchers analyzed gene expression in fresh brain tissue -- which was collected during routine brain surgery -- at multiple times after removal to simulate the post-mortem interval and death. They found that gene expression in some cells actually increased after death.
  • These 'zombie genes' -- those that increased expression after the post-mortem interval -- were specific to one type of cell: inflammatory cells called glial cells. 
  • "Most studies assume that everything in the brain stops when the heart stops beating, but this is not so," Loeb said. "Our findings will be needed to interpret research on human brain tissues. We just haven't quantified these changes until now."
  • Loeb and colleagues are at a particular advantage when it comes to studying brain tissue. Loeb is director of the UI NeuroRepository, a bank of human brain tissues from patients with neurological disorders who have consented to having tissue collected and stored for research either after they die, or during standard of care surgery to treat disorders such as epilepsy.

::SPORTS::

Sania Mirza selected for TOPS on 7th April 2021 during the 56th MOC meeting

  • SaniaMirza is currently ranked 157th in the World but has a protected ranking of 9 (doubles ranking) based on which she is likely to go to Tokyo Olympics this year.
  • What is protected ranking or special ranking and how does Mirza fit in the category?
  • According to WTA, special ranking is a ranking freeze assigned to a player who is out of competition for a minimum period of 6 months due to a medical condition.
  • When a player is out of competition for more than 52 weeks, they get a ranking freeze for 3 years based on their last tournament played. Within this 3-year period, the player can enter 12 tournaments using their protected ranking (1 Grand Slam/Olympics & 1 WTA 1000 Mandatory Event)

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