The government is in the last stages of finalising a
proposal to amend the Aadhaar Act to give all citizens an option to withdraw
their Aadhaar number, including biometrics and the data.
This follows the Supreme Court judgment in September that
upheld the validity of Aadhaar, however, with certain riders.
A Constitution Bench had struck down Section 57 of the Act
that allows private entities to use the unique number for verification. The
Bench also declared that seeking to link it with bank accounts and SIM cards was
“The initial proposal was prepared by the Unique
Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). It submitted that once a child turns
18, he/she will be given six months to decide if he/she wants to withdraw,” a
senior official said.
Over 37.50 crore PANs have been issued till March 12,
2018. Of these, the number of PANs issued to individuals stood at more than
36.54 crore, of which about 16.84 crore PANs have been linked with Aadhaar.
Global carbon emissions are set to hit an all-time
high of 37.1 billion tonnes of CO2 in 2018, according to researchers at the
University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Global Carbon Project.
India, the third-highest contributor, is projected to see
emissions rise by 6.3% from 2017. The 2.7% projected global rise in 2018 has
been driven by appreciable growth in coal use for the second year in a row, and
sustained growth in oil and gas use, according to the study that was published
simultaneously Wednesday in several leading scientific journals.
This week, representatives from more than 190 countries
have begun discussions at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 24) in Katowice,
Poland, on ways to equitably cut carbon emissions.
CO2 emissions have now risen for a second year, the
study’s authors say, after three years of little to no growth from 2014 to 2016.
The rise in 2017 was 1.6%.
The 10 biggest emitters in 2018 are China, U.S., India,
Russia, Japan, Germany, Iran, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, and Canada. The EU as a
region of countries ranks third. China’s emissions accounted for 27% of the
global total, having grown an estimated 4.7% in 2018 and reaching a new all-time
Emissions in the U.S., which has withdrawn from its
commitment to the Paris Agreement, account for 15% of the global total, and look
set to have grown about 2.5% in 2018 after several years of decline.
Though coal use contributed to the rise in 2018 from last
year, it still remains below its historical high in 2013 but may exceed that if
current growth continues, the study’s authors.
Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani struck a defiant
stance against U.S. sanctions on Tuesday, renewing his threat to cut off
international oil sales from the Gulf.
Since the 1980s, Iran has said repeatedly that it would
blockade the Gulf in response to international pressure but has never carried
out the threat.
Washington has reimposed sanctions, including an oil
embargo, since withdrawing from a landmark 2015 nuclear deal in May. It has
vowed to reduce Iran’s oil sales to zero, but has granted temporary waivers to
Mr.Rouhani last threatened to close the Gulf in July when
he warned that the U.S. “should not play with the lion’s tail”. He downplayed
the economic impact of sanctions, accusing the media of exaggerating the
“No hyperinflation, no massive unemployment will threaten
us. People should stop saying such things in the papers,” he told the crowd.
The latest inflation report from Iran’s central bank says
food prices rose 56% year-on-year in October. Mr.Rouhani acknowledged that there
were “some problems”, but said these would be addressed in the new budget plan
to be presented on December 16.
In a medical first, a mother who received a uterus
transplant from a dead donor gave birth to a healthy baby, researchers
reported on Wednesday.
The breakthrough operation, performed in September 2016 in
Sao Paulo, Brazil, shows that such transplants are feasible and could help
thousands of women unable to have children due to uterine problems, according to
a study published.
Until recently, the only options available to women with
so-called uterine infertility were adoption or the services of a surrogate
mother.The first successful childbirth following uterine transplant from a
living donor took place in 2014 in Sweden, and there have been 10 others since
But there are far more women in need of transplants than
there are potential live donors, so doctors wanted to find out if the procedure
could work using the uterus of a woman who had died.Ten attempts were made — in
the U.S., the Czech Republic, and Turkey — before the success reported.
“The number of people willing and committed to donate
organs upon their own death are far larger than those of live donors, offering a
much wider potential donor population,” an expert doctor said.