With the Centre claiming that 99.2% of rural India is
now open defecation free, the next big goal on the Swachh Bharat journey is
the 100% safe and scientific disposal of solid and liquid waste, according
to the Economic Survey 2018-19.
However, it emphasises that the large resources needed
to reach this milestone will need to be met through crowd and corporate
funding, private partnerships and innovative financing mechanisms along with
According to it, the scientific disposal of waste has
a noticeable impact on “social development”, referring to the sanitation
workers and manual scavengers who now work to dispose of waste, mostly in
unscientific and unsafe ways.
Some of the areas which must be dealt with in this
next phase are sewer construction and water availability, scientific
techniques for waste disposal, treatment of industrial effluence, drain
bio-remediation, river surface cleaning, sustained rural sanitation and
monitoring of villages, says the survey.