Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 03 JANUARY 2020
PM asks scientists to create roadmap for a decade at science congress
- Prime Minister NarendraModi has asked the scientists to prepare a
definite roadmap for the new decade to set the direction and pace of
scientific research in various fields in country.
- Mr Modi was speaking after dedicating to the nation five Young
Scientists Laboratories of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
in Bengaluru yesterday.
- These laboratories will work on key advanced technologies of importance
to the development of futuristic defence system. The Prime Minister said
these labs would help in shaping the pattern of research and development in
the field of emerging technologies in the country.
- Earlier in the day, speaking at Tumakuru, the Prime Minister lashed out
at the protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act and said, the protest
must be against Pakistan's continuous atrocities on minorities. He said that
Pakistan has always persecuted religious minorities and India is duty bound
to help these minorities.
- He expressed hope that those states who have not implemented the scheme,
will implement it this year. The Prime Minister also awarded the Krishi
Karman Award to the progressive farmers from 21 states.
MHA to bring in amendments in IPC, CrPC to curb henious crimes
- Aimed to curb henious crimes like rape which have shaken the country on
many occasions with brutal assaults on minor girls as well as on adult
women, and to instill fear of law, the Union Home Ministry has expedited its
procedure of seeking suggestions to amend the British-era Indian Penal Code
(IPC) and Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC).
- Once the opinion sought from departments concerned in the Ministry of
Home Affairs, including the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD),
the Ministry of Women and Child Development, and Ministry of Law and among
others, are received, a proposal to change certain sections will be sent to
the Union Cabinet seeking it approval to put it in Parliament for a new
strict law to deal with such gruesome crimes.
- It is learnt that the proposal for a new law could be moved in
Parliament during the upcoming Budget Session 2020, which is expected soon,
officials in the know told IANS, adding the Home Ministry has "expedited"
its work in this direction in consultation with the BPRD.
- The suggestions include diluting the right to file an appeal or seek
legal remedies in henious crimes against women, and making forensic evidence
compulsory in criminal cases where punishment is seven years or more, so
that the amended law could be as strict as it "instill fear among
criminals", the official said.
Report suggests India could tap the export potential of around 82bUSD in
- India can explore an annual USD 82-billion export potential in twenty
products, including electrical equipment and ferro alloys, in the world's
second largest economy China, according to a report. Indian exporters have a
competitive advantage as far as these twenty goods are concerned.
- Currently, India meets only 3.3 per cent or USD 2.7 billion of the total
annual import demands of USD 82 billion for these 20 products in China.
- India's exports of these 20 products are worth around USD 15 billion to
the world, which is 4.5 per cent of the country's annual outward shipments.
- India can substantially reduce its trade deficit with China, which stood
at USD 53.56 billion in 2018-19, by enhancing its market share for these
products in that country, the report added.
- India's overall exports to China grew 5.39 per cent to USD 11.57 billion
in April-November 2019, even as our total exports to the world declined 2
per cent during this period.
- The country's overall trade deficit with China declined 5 per cent to
USD 35.3 billion in the first eight months of the current financial year,
compared to USD 37.3 billion in the year-ago period, the report added.
Centre to use AI technology to track GST evaders
- The government plans to increase the use of artificial intelligence and
data analytics to track down tax evaders, and improve compliance with the
Goods and Service Tax in order to augment revenue.
- Top tax officials are scheduled to participate in a brainstorming
session to be chaired by revenue secretary Ajay BhushanPandey next week to
firm up this plan.
- The discussions will include assessing the wider use of data analytics
and AI in the process of enforcement and red-flagging tax evaders and fake
refund claimants without overreach or harassment to genuine taxpayers.
- The meeting comes on the heels of the government notifying changes to
GST rules to prevent frauds and fake invoicing, besides setting up grievance
cells to ensure that genuine taxpayers are not harassed and the overall tax
- The government last week reduced input tax credit to 10% from 20% of
eligible credit if invoices or debit notes were not reflected in filings.
- There’s growing concern over revenue shortfall, with slowing consumption
demand adversely impacting GST collections. The corporate tax cut amounting
to a loss of revenue of Rs 1.45 lakh crore, along with recent GST
compensation of over Rs 35,000 crore to states, have increased the stress on
the Centre’s fiscal position.
India-Mauritius FTA to get finalised soon
- The proposed free trade agreement between India and Mauritius is nearing
finalisation as both the sides have concluded the negotiations for the pact,
the commerce ministry said on Wednesday.
- The proposed India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and
Partnership Agreement (CECPA) seeks to mutually benefit both the countries
in the area of trade in goods and services, it said in a statement.
- Negotiations were held across several sectors including goods, services,
rules of origin, technical barriers to trade and sanitary and phyto-sanitary
measures, trade remedies and dispute settlement.
- Mauritius was the second top source of foreign direct investment (FDI)
into India in 2018-19. India received USD 8 billion (about Rs 56,000 crore)
foreign inflows from the country.
- The bilateral trade between the countries increased marginally to USD
1.2 billion in 2018-19 from USD 1.1 billion in 2017-18.
- It also said that in order to promote India-Africa trade and economic
relations, the ministry regularly reviews trade ties through institutional
mechanisms like Joint Commission Meetings, Joint Trade Committees and Joint
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
WII to conduct Asiatic lion census in May this year
- The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) is to conduct Asiatic Lion Census
in May 2020. The Institute will use 10,000 cameras to conduct the census.
- In 2015, the WII counted 523 lions in Gujarat. It is expected that the
numbers have risen phenomenally and the population must have crossed 1,000.
Thecensus is to adopt the technology of National Tiger Conservation
Authority. The entire census area is to be divided in to 3-km grid. Officers
will collect hair, nails, teeth, etc.
- The collection process is to be carried out using scientific methods
laid out by NTCA. Around 1,000 to 2,000 officers are to be employed. In the
second phase, 10,000 cameras are to be used to capture the lions.
- The Asiatic Lions in Gujarat are restricted to Gir National Park in the
state. The lions are listed as “Endangered” in the IUCN Red List. Initially
the lions were spread from the east of Indus river to West Bengal and also
to Narmada river in Central India. However, today they are restricted to
- The lion is one among the 5 Pantherine Cats inhabiting in India. The
other 4 pantherine cats in India are Bengal Tiger, Snow Leopard, Indian
Leopard and Clouded leopard.
- Under IUCN red list, Bengal Tiger has been listed as Endangered, and the
three leopards snow leopard, clouded leopard and Indian leopard have been
listed as Vulnerable.
National ice hockey championships begin at Leh
- The 5th Ice Hockey Association of India (IHAI) National Ice Hockey
Championship -2020 has begun in Leh today. In the inaugural match in
Under-20 Boys category between Chandigarh and Haryana, the contest ended in
a draw with 4 goals each.
- Similarly, the second match between Ladakh Scouts Regiment Centre and
Delhi also ended in a draw with 2 goals each.
- The tournament will continue till 7th January in Karzoo Ice Hockey Rink
in Leh, where the Army, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Maharashtra and home
team Ladakh are fighting for the championship in U-20 boys category.