Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 02 December 2020

SSC CGL Current Affairs



Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 02 December 2020



::NATIONAL::


overnment constitutes national panel to drive Paris Agreement goals


  • Through a gazette notification the Government of India has constituted the Apex Committee for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (AIPA) November 27, 2020.
  • AIPA has been constituted with the purpose of “ensuring a coordinated response on climate change matters that protects the country’s interests and ensures that India is on track towards meeting its climate change obligations under the Paris Agreement including its submitted Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)”.
  • NDCs are the accounts of the voluntary efforts to be made by countries that are a part of the Paris Agreement, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impacts of anthropogenic climate change.The three quantitative goals in the Indian NDCs are:
  • A 33-35 per cent reduction in the gross domestic product emissions intensity by 2030 from 2005 levels.
  • A 40 per cent share of non-fossil fuel-based electricity by 2030.
  • Creating a carbon sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide through afforestation programmes.
  • Apart from these, there are five other non-quantitive goals in the Indian NDCs.
  • It will also define the responsibilities of the government ministries that would be crucial in achieving the country’s climate change mitigation and adaptation goals and submit a report every six months.
  • The AIPA will also act as a national authority for the regulation of carbon markets in India under the Article 6.2, Article 6.4 and Article 6.8 of the Paris Agreement.

Election Commission proposes extending postal ballot facility for eligible overseas Indians


  • The Election Commission has proposed to the government to extend the Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System (ETPBS) facility, so far available to service voters, to eligible overseas Indian voters.
  • The Commission said with the successful execution of ETPBS in case of service voters, it is now "confident" that the facility can also be extended to the overseas electors.
  • The poll panel has observed, the Commission is technically and administratively ready to extend this facility in general elections to legislative assemblies of Assam, West Bengal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. Elections in these states are due sometime in April-June next year.

::ECONOMY::


Indian Energy Exchange


  • Recently, traded volumes in electricity at IEX has grown by a strong 25% in 2020 in the first ten months.
  • IEX is the first and largest energy exchange in India providing a nationwide, automated trading platform forphysical delivery of electricity, Renewable Energy Certificates and Energy Saving Certificates.
  • It is regulated by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission.
  • Other power exchange in India is Power Exchange India Ltd (PXIL).

::INTERNATIONAL::


UN agency faces corruption, fraud allegations at climate projects


  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is facing several allegations of fraud and corruption linked to the multibillion-dollar Global Environment Facility.
  • Report identified financial misstatements worth millions of dollars across UNDP's portfolio of GlobalEnvironment Facility (GEF)-funded projects around the world.
  • GEF was set up in 1991 by World Bank, UNDP and UN Environment Program to help fight environmentalchallenges such as deforestation, species conservation and pollution.
  • UNDP works to eradicate poverty, reduce inequalities and exclusion, and build resilience so countries cansustain progress.
  • As UN's development agency, UNDP plays a critical role in helping countries achieve the SustainableDevelopment Goals.

::SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY::


Cryogenic propellant tank


  • HAL has delivered the biggest cryogenic propellant tank (C32 LH2) ever fabricated by the company to ISRO much ahead of the contractual schedule at a programme recently.
  • The C32-LH2 tank is a developmental cryogenic propellant tank of aluminium alloy designed for improving the payload capability of GSLV MK-III launching vehicle, said a press release from HAL.
  • The total length of weld carried out in the tank was 115 metres at different stages to the quality requirement of 100% tests on radiography, die penetrant check and leak-proof.
  • HAL has mastered the skills and technologies required for fabricating welded propellant tank of aluminium ally to such stringent quality requirement, added the release.

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