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Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 06 December 2017
SC refused to defer the hearing in the Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land
- The Supreme Court refused requests by appellant parties belonging to the
minority community to defer the hearing in the Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid
land dispute till after July 15, 2019, that is, post the next general
- On the eve of the 25th anniversary of the demolition of the 16th century
Babri Masjid by kar sevaks , a Bench, led by Chief Justice of India Dipak
Misra, remained undeterred by submissions that every day of the Ayodhya
title dispute hearing in the Supreme Court would invite serious
repercussions across the country.
- The Bench fixed the date for final hearing on February 8, 2018. The
court did not entertain, for now, a plea to refer the 13 appeals, including
one filed by the U.P. Sunni Central Waqf Board, to a five-judge Constitution
- The appeals are against a September 2010 judgment delivered by a
three-judge Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court for a three-way
partition of the disputed site.
- The appellants said the dispute was not just any other civil suit but
probably the most important case in the history of India, which would
“decide the future of the polity”.
Govt announced incentives worth Rs. 8,450 crore to boost exports of goods
- The government announced incentives worth Rs. 8,450 crore to boost
exports of goods and services — mainly from labour-intensive segments and
the MSME— and to increase employment generation and value-addition.
- The incentives were announced as part of the mid-term review of the
Foreign Trade Policy (FTP).
- The move comes at a time when India’s shipments shrank in October — the
first after 14 consecutive months of positive growth — due to the impact of
the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
- “The FTP will continue to be reviewed and evaluated regularly for
addressing concerns of the exporters, simplification of procedures and for
promotion of exports,” an official statement said.
- The FTP for the period 2015-2020 had set an ambitious target of $900
billion for India’s exports of goods and services by 2019-20. It also aimed
to raise India’s share in world exports from 2% to 3.5%.
- The FTP mid-term review was postponed to incorporate feedback from
exporters regarding GST.
Govt amended rules to allow the court to constitute single member NGT
- In a bid to address the festering problem of vacancies in the National
Green Tribunal (NGT), the government has amended rules to allow the court to
constitute single member Benches.
- Current rules require that every Bench of the NGT consist of “two or
more” members and is made up of at least one judicial and one expert member.
- The balance of judicial and independent experts was necessary to ensure
that technical aspects of disputes were adequately addressed.
- The NGT specialises in adjudicating on matters relating to environment,
forests and harm to people or property due to the neglect of environmental
obligations of infrastructure projects.
- A senior official in the Environment Ministry said this was a ‘stop gap’
arrangement, but emphasised that this didn’t imply a chairperson could now
appoint a new member.
Global Education Monitoring Report 2017-18 says Pak glorifying war
- The Global Education Monitoring Report 2017-18 of the UNESCO expresses
concern over school textbooks in many countries glorifying war and military
heroes rather than teaching peace, non-violence and reconciliation.
- It says that that just 10% of the textbooks across the world include
explicit statements on the need for conflict prevention and resolution.
- The report offers the example of textbooks in Pakistan that focus on
militarism, wars with India and differences between Hindus and Muslims.
- “Textbooks that glorify war and military heroes, exclude pluralistic
perspectives or undermine other peoples or ethnicities can make teaching
peace, non-violence and reconciliation difficult,” says the report.
- “In Pakistan, textbooks have been criticised for normalising militarism
and war and including biases and historical errors and distortions.
Prominent Pakistanis other than military heroes and nationalist movement
leaders are often excluded.”
- It adds, “Pakistani textbooks published after a 2006 curriculum reform
still emphasised wars with India and largely ignored peace initiatives.
- They also perpetuated a narrative of conflict and historic grievances
between Muslims and Hindus, rather than discussing the potential for
conflict resolution and reconciliation.”
- Seeing deterioration in Indian textbooks, too, on this ground, the
report says, “For their part, Indian history textbooks from 2002 put the
blame on Pakistan and contained clear bias against Muslim elements in the
UAE formed a new economic and partnership group with Saudi Arabia
- The UAE announced it has formed a new economic and partnership group
with Saudi Arabia, separate from the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), a move
that could undermine the council amid a diplomatic crisis with Qatar.
- The Emirati Foreign Ministry announcement, just hours ahead of a GCC
meeting in Kuwait, said the new “joint cooperation committee” was approved
by the UAE’s ruler and President, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nayhan.
- It wasn’t immediately clear how the development could affect the
six-member GCC meeting, which is expected to focus on the Qatar issue. Half
of the GCC members are boycotting Doha.
- The Emirati Ministry said the new “committee is assigned to cooperate
and coordinate between the UAE and Saudi Arabia in all military, political,
economic, trade and cultural fields, as well as others, in the interest of
the two countries.”
- The UAE and Saudi Arabia have cultivated even-closer ties in recent
years. Emirati troops are deeply involved in the Saudi-led war in Yemen.
- Abu Dhabi’s powerful Crown Prince, Mohammad bin Zayed al-Nayhan, also is
believed to have a closer relationship with Saudi Arabia’s young Crown
Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
- The Emirati announcement did not say whether any other Gulf Arab
countries would be invited to join the new group.
::Business and Economy::
Business activity in the services sector contracted in November
- Business activity in the services sector contracted in November,
following two months of growth, primarily due to the Goods and Services Tax,
according to a private sector survey.
- The Nikkei India Services Purchasing Managers’ Index fell to 48.5 in
November from 51.7 in October. A reading that exceeds 50 implies expansion
while one below 50 denotes a contraction.
- “The Indian service sector dipped into contraction territory during
November, following growth in the previous two months,” the report said.
- “This was matched by a reduction in new work. Panellists widely blamed
the deterioration in business performance to the goods and service tax (GST).
Meanwhile, cost pressures intensified during the latest survey period.”
- “Underlying data highlighted that service activity fell in response to a
drop in new business during November,” the report added.
- “According to anecdotal evidence, July’s GST continued to affect
businesses as it led to sluggish demand and lower customer turnout. As with
the case with activity, the rate of contraction in new work was modest.”
- However, with manufacturing activity offsetting the poor performance of
the services sector, private sector output rose for the third consecutive
month in November.
- The Nikkei Composite Output Index fell from 51.3 in October to a
three-month low of 50.3 in November, however remaining in the expansion
- The poor activity in the services sector is also borne out by official
data released by the government.
- The second quarter GDP data released last week showed that growth
in private sector services gross value added (GVA) fell from 7.4% in the
June quarter to 6.7% year-on-year.
RBI warned the public of the risks of virtual currencies
- Even as bitcoin touches new highs, fuelling investor interest, the
Reserve Bank of India warned the public of the risks of virtual currencies
- Citing its earlier warnings on the subject, the central bank said, “in
the wake of significant spurt in the valuation of many VCs and rapid growth
in Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), RBI reiterates the concerns.”
- It may be noted that the price of a single bitcoin, which is not
regulated by any monetary authority, had skyrocketed to up to $11,000 last
week in a rally which puzzled watchers.
- “There is no underlying or backing of any asset for VCs,” the bank had
said in a December 24, 2013 note.