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Current Affairs for SSC CGL Exams - 04 December 2017
Ransomware attacks are likely to increase and become more sophisticated in
- Ransomware attacks in cyberspace are likely to increase and become more
sophisticated in 2018, targeting high net worth individuals and corporates,
the cybersecurity giant McAfee Inc. warned in its latest prediction report.
- The report also warns individual home users that greater inter-connected
home devices will surrender consumer privacy to corporates.
- The profitability of traditional ransomware campaigns will continue to
decline as vendor defences, user education, and industry strategies improve
to counter them.
- Attackers will adjust to target less traditional, more profitable
ransomware targets, including high net-worth individuals, connected devices,
and businesses,” the McAfee Labs 2018 Threats Predictions Report stated.
- The report, which identified five key trends to watch next year, said
the pivot from the traditional would see ransomware technologies applied
beyond the objective of extortion of individuals, to cybersabotage and
disruption of organisations.
- 2017 witnessed a major explosion in ransomware attacks such as the
‘WannaCry’ epidemic in which attackers limit user access to their own
systems till a certain ransom is paid to unlock them.
Experts called for resolving the Rohinyaissue through diplomacy
- Even though the crisis concerning Rohingya refugees in India seems to
have subsided, veteran experts on statelessness and refugees have called for
resolving the issue through diplomacy.
- Pointing out that the Rohingya’s form a category distinct from stateless
people in the country the Rohingya issue need not be linked to problems
regarding the stateless people.
- According to an estimate, there are 40,000 Rohingya’s living in
different States of India.
- India, using its goodwill with Myanmar, can convince the latter of the
need for resolving the problem in a ‘humane way’ and providing to the
affected people rights on a par with citizens of the south-east Asian
- Emphasising the need for proper identification of stateless people
across the country, the academician suggests that legal reforms, taking a
cue from the 1954 UN Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons and the
1961 Convention on Reduction of Statelessness, be made.
- Yasuko Shimizu, Chief of Mission, UNHCR India, referred to the examples
of Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Vietnam in sorting out issues concerning
Extradition hearing of liquor tycoon is set to kick off
- The much-awaited extradition hearing of liquor tycoon Vijay Mallya is
set to kick off in central London.
- Over the next 10 days, Chief Magistrate at Westminster Magistrate’s
Court Emma Arbuthnot will hear the case presented by Britain’s Crown
Prosecution Service on behalf of the Indian government, and the defence on
which Mr. Mallya will hope to thwart efforts to return him to India to face
- Mr. Mallya was arrested in London in April this year initially on fraud
charges, with money laundering charges added subsequently. He has been on
bail since April.
- Initial efforts by the defence to push the hearings into the New Year
have proved unsuccessful, and despite the addition of new charges in
October, the December date has remained firm, reflecting the eagerness of
both sides now to bring the case to a conclusion.
- The timing of a verdict on the case remains unclear. The court is yet to
decide on a suggestion from the judge about whether written closing
submissions — which Ms. Arbuthnot is known to prefer in cases she hears —
would be filed in December at the end of the case or in January.
- The defence has objected to the suggestion, arguing that delaying it to
January could be used by the prosecution to introduce fresh material —
evidential or non evidential.
Vulnerable points along the Bangladesh border are identified
- In mid-October, after the Supreme Court put on hold the Centre’s plan to
deport the Rohingya, security agencies convened a high-level meeting to
enhance deployment on the eastern border to stop the refugees from crossing
over to India.
- A total of 167 vulnerable points were identified along the Bangladesh
border, and additional forces deployed to detect and push back the Rohingya.
- The Border Security Force, manning the 4096.7-km border, has asked the
Union Home Ministry to sanction recruitment of 5,000 more men so as to
identify and stop the Rohingya.
- The BSF said most Rohingya had entered India through three points: South
24 Parganas and Hili in Dakshin Dinajpur of West Bengal and Karimganj in
- BSF Director-General K.K. Sharma told that it was difficult to
distinguish between the Rohingya and the Bangladeshis as they had similar
facial features, and BSF soldiers were not equipped to differentiate between
the two on the basis of their dialect.
- The Supreme Court is hearing a petition by two Rohingya — Mohammad
Shamiullah and Mohammad Shaqir — against the Centre’s plan to deport the
illegal immigrants. The next date of hearing is December 5.
- By the Home Ministry’s estimate, there are around 40,000 Rohingya in
India, including 5,700 in Jammu. Only 16,000 of them are said to have
registered themselves with the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees. Rohingya came to India in large numbers during 2012-13.
U.S. is not satisfied with Pakistan’s cooperation in the war against terror
- The U.S. is not satisfied with Pakistan’s cooperation in the war against
terror as it has not done “anything significant” to rein in the Taliban and
the Haqqani network and destroy their sanctuary on its territory as part of
- US also described the release from prison of the Mumbai-terror attack
accused Hafiz Saeed as “a step backward”.
- The U.S., the official said, has now a different approach to Pakistan.
- “We expect, Pakistan to take steps against terror sanctuary on its
territory,” he said.
::Business and Economy::
Revenue uncertainty due to GST is a challenge for budget preparation
- Revenue uncertainty due to the implementation of GST could pose very
real problems for the government when the time comes for it to prepar the
Budget for financial year 2018-19, according to tax analysts and government
- The GST Council, announced several moves to ease the compliance burden
on businesses, including deferring return filing deadlines for both small
and large businesses, allowing small businesses to file quarterly returns,
removing the need to file the GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 forms, and expanding the
Composition Scheme to include more businesses.
- The Council also drastically reduced the tax rate on more than 200
goods, including most of the items in the highest 28% tax bracket.
- The uncertainty caused by incomplete revenue data has already been felt,
with the Chief Statistician of India TCA Anant highlighting the issue when
he presented the GDP growth numbers for the second quarter of this fiscal.
- “In a normal year, businesses are conversant with the tax processes, and
so know their tax liability, so the collections are usually in line with
what is anticipated,” he said.
- The view among tax analysts is that easing compliance cannot come at the
cost of certainty about revenue collections.
- Another issue is the Budget-making process will not be able to
incorporate the recent and drastic rate reductions, since they came into
effect on November 15. So, a full month’s data with the new rates will be
available too late to incorporate in the Budget.
- The government will not have the benefit of using last year’s Budget
Estimates of indirect tax revenue to gauge collections in the next year,
either. “When revenue projections for the current year were made, those did
not factor in GST at all,” the tax analyst said.
- A back-of-the-envelope calculation shows revenue foregone by major taxes
subsumed by GST (excise duty, service tax, countervailing duty, special
additional duty, VAT, entertainment tax and luxury tax) amounts to about Rs.
12 lakh crore a year.
- In other words, if the government collects roughly Rs. 1 lakh crore per
month, it should be in a revenue neutral position compared with the pre-GST
- It has, however, been consistently missing that target. While it
collected between Rs. 92,000-95,000 crore a month in the first three months
of GST, it collected slightly more than Rs. 83,000 crore in October, and
this didn’t even take into account the subsequent rate reductions.
- The final GST-related problem the government is likely to face come
Budget time is on compensation payable to the States for any losses they
incur due to GST. So far, the government has not estimated how much this
- According to tax analysts, the inability to project the total amount
needed to compensate States also means it becomes very difficult to estimate
whether collections so far from the compensation cess are enough.
Eight PSBs have decided to raise capital from the market
- As many as eight public sector banks (PSBs) have decided to raise
capital from the market within four months as part of the Rs. 2.11 lakh
crore recapitalisation plan, according to official sources.
- Some banks have already got approval from the Finance Ministry while
others are in the process of getting the green signal for raising capital
either through private placement or rights issue, they said.
- Most banks are preferring the Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP)
route, sources said, adding that Punjab National Bank (PNB) would be the
first to hit the market to raise Rs. 5,000 crore.
- Bank of Baroda, Bank of India, Union Bank of India Allahabad Bank and
Andhra Bank are also gearing up for the share sale, they said.
- Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in October had announced an unprecedented
Rs. 2.11 lakh crore two-year road map to strengthen PSBs, reeling under high
non performing assets (NPAs) or bad loans.
MPC is likely to keep repo rates unchanged at 6%
- The Monetary Policy Committee, which will meet this week, is likely to
keep repo rates unchanged at 6% on inflation concerns, said a study.
- The retail inflation or consumer price index based-inflation accelerated
to a seven-month high of 3.58% in October from 3.28% in September.
- Rating agency ICRA said although CPI inflation for October was lower
than the 4.2-4.6% range for the second half of FY18 that the MPC had
forecast, certain risks persisted.
- With the CPI inflation likely to track a rising trend over the second
half and print at around 4.5% in March 2018, we expect an extended pause
amid non-unanimous voting by the MPC in the December policy review.
::Science and Tech::
a fast-maturing, high-yield variety bean could help Africa
- Richard Opio dipped a dirt-stained hand into the pinkish beans,
marvelling at the dramatic changes they have made for his family. They used
to harvest two sacks of normal beans; now they take in six.
- The so-called “super bean,” a fast-maturing, high-yield variety, is
being promoted by Uganda’s government and agriculture experts amid efforts
to feed hunger-prone parts of Africa.
- It is also a step toward the next goal — the “super, super bean” that
researchers hope can be created through genetic editing.
- The beans that Mr. Opio now tends are thrilling farmers in this
impoverished part of northern Uganda that also strains under the recent
arrival of more than 1 million refugees from its war-torn neighbour, South
- The International Centre for Tropical Agriculture says the beans have
been bred by conventional means to resist the drought conditions that can
lead to starvation as arable land disappears.
- The group operates one of just two bean “gene banks” in Africa, which is
expected to be hit hardest by climate change even though the continent
produces less than 4% of the world’s greenhouse gases, according to the U.N.
- The red-striped bean that 35-year-old Mr. Opio now harvests is called
NABE15, and it has proved so popular that the U.N.’s FAO recently contracted
a large commercial producer to supply 21 tons for distribution to South
Sudanese refugees as planting materials.