(Papers) SSC CGL (Tier - 2) Exam - 2017 "held on 21-Feb-2018 " Evening Shift" (English Language & Comprehension)

(Papers) SSC CGL (Tier - 2) Exam - 2017 "held on 21-Feb-2018 "

Evening Shift" (English Language & Comprehension)  

QID : 201 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Good role models in classrooms and in communities are the most important (1)/ part of getting educate as the actions and decisions (2)/ of role models impact the behaviour of others. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 2
 
QID : 202 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Judaism says spirituality is a process of personal (1)/ transformation, involving values and beliefs that (2)/ provides purpose and guidance for our living. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 3

QID : 203 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

In an imperfect world with not-so-perfect people and institutions, you have to play (1)/ your role the best you can, take as many as you can along with you, (2)/ with empathy and a bit of loving detachment. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 2
 
QID : 204 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Earth’s resources have to be protected and sustain and we need to (1)/ share our resources across species as we all are (2)/ interconnected as one giant living organism. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 205 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Gratitude is one of the more essential virtues for real (1)/ inner prosperity and happiness, because it (2)/ can connect us to the Divine. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 206 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

The aroma of the invigorate morning cup of tea comes (1)/ wafting up the stairway and soon I am (2)/ sipping it slowly and reverentially without rushing. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1

QID : 207 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Affirmations fire the will to focus and perseverance towards (1)/ goal realisation and enable positive (2)/ thoughts to permeate one’s sub consciousness. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 208 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

The biggest problem faced by (1)/ all developing countries is the (2)/ lack of training manpower. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 3
 
QID : 209 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

The more obvious feature (1)/ of the modern world is the enormous (2)/ development of Science and Technology. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 210 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Critics of television often (1)/ focus on the prevalent of (2)/ violence in today’s programmes. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 2
 
QID : 211 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Our school administration should seriously consider (1)/ given students more responsibility and empowering (2)/ the student council to play more than a symbolic role. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 2

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QID : 212 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Our school’s faculty and administration should not (1)/ sacrifice high standards and regulations in order (2)/ to make students temporarily happy. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 4
 
QID : 213 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Trend-analysts experts specializes (1)/ in predicting what will (2)/ be in and what will be out. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1

QID : 214 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

One of the hazard of swimming (1)/ in the ocean is an unexpected (2)/ encounter with a jellyfish. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 215 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Many of us have striving to produce (1)/ a blend of all cultures that seem (2)/ today to be in clash with one another. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 216 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

When the business is ran smoothly (1)/ directors are more than happy to pick an experienced insider, (2)/ who will continue along the present path. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 217 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Scientists show that there is a curious (1)/ relationship among a lion’s life span and (2)/ the pattern of spots on each side of its face. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 2
 
QID : 218 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Karnataka receives most of its annual rainfall during the monsoon, (1)/ whereas Tamil Nadu does not get much then (2)/ and it has to wait still the advent of northeast monsoon. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 3
 
QID : 219 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Education is a instrument which (1)/ imparts knowledge and, therefore (2)/ indirectly controls power. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 1
 
QID : 220 - In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select ‘No Error’.

Progress in life depends (1)/ a good deal under crossing (2)/ one threshold after another. (3)/ No error (4)
Options:
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
Correct Answer: 2
 
QID : 221 - In the following question, the sentence given with blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

A learned man may be stupid for he knows only from books and not from his ______.
Options:
1) experiences
2) arbitration
3) consequenced
4) repercussions
Correct Answer: experiences
 
QID : 222 - In the following question, the sentence given with blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

Modern India has a secular constitution and ______ itself on being a secular country.
Options:
1) prides
2) humiliates
3) shy
4) disgraces
Correct Answer: prides
 
QID : 223 - In the following question, the sentence given with blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

The goal of education should be to help the student to grow physically strong, mentally brilliant, spiritually ______, culturally rich, prosperous, globally peaceful and environment-friendly.
Options:
1) enlightened
2) misleading
3) dominating
4) hopeful
Correct Answer: enlightened

QID : 224 - In the following question, the sentence given with blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

Vivekananda dared to attempt to ______ all that was rotting in Indian society and to enrich and learn from all that was noble.
Options:
1) create
2) sustain
3) derive
4) revamp
Correct Answer: revamp
 
QID : 225 - In the following question, the sentence given with blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

Education is not just for giving you livelihood but giving you the art of ______ wholly and joyously.
Options:
1) living
2) leaving
3) believing
4) driving
Correct Answer: living
 
QID : 226 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

Multitude
Options:
1) Scarcity
2) Minority
3) Mass
4) Radiant
Correct Answer: Mass
 
QID : 227 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

Jaded
Options:
1) Restorative
2) Thrilled
3) Gay
4) Tired
Correct Answer: Tired

QID : 228 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

Abettor
Options:
1) Accomplice
2) Adversary
3) Careless
4) Indolent
Correct Answer: Accomplice
 
QID : 229 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the one which is opposite in meaning of the given word.

Vagrant
Options:
1) Idle
2) Roving
3) Settled
4) Wanderer
Correct Answer: Settled
 
QID : 230 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the one which is opposite in meaning of the given word.

Usurp
Options:
1) Restore
2) Encroach
3) Coup
4) Seize
Correct Answer: Restore
 
QID : 231 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the one which is opposite in meaning of the given word.

Quash
Options:
1) Support
2) Revoke
3) Annul
4) Cancel
Correct Answer: Support
 
QID : 232 - In the following question, four words have been given out of which one word is incorrectly spelt. Select the incorrectly spelt word.
Options:
1) Disparage
2) Diabolical
3) Discrepeancy
4) Disheveled
Correct Answer: Discrepeancy
 
QID : 233 - In the following question, four words have been given out of which one word is incorrectly spelt. Select the incorrectly spelt word.
Options:
1) Fanatiecism
2) Femininity
3) Flippant
4) Fortuitous
Correct Answer: Fanatiecism
 
QID : 234 - In the following question, four words have been given out of which one word is incorrectly spelt. Select the incorrectly spelt word.
Options:
1) impecunous
2) Impudence
3) Incongruous
4) Indomitable
Correct Answer: impecunous
 
QID : 235 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

As fit as a fiddle
Options:
1) Very aggressive
2) Uncomfortable
3) Selfish friend
4) Strong and healthy
Correct Answer: Strong and healthy
 
QID : 236 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

Argus eyed
Options:
1) A pretence
2) Flatterer
3) Short tempered
4) Observant
Correct Answer: Observant
 
QID : 237 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

To bid defiance
Options:
1) To disregard recklessly
2) To apologize
3) To act in a like manner
4) To bribe
Correct Answer: To disregard recklessly
 
QID : 238 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

With bated breath
Options:
1) In dispute
2) In anxiety
3) In full detail
4) In happy mood
Correct Answer: In anxiety

QID : 239 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

To clip one’s wings
Options:
1) To be carried away
2) To restrict someone's freedom
3) To laugh secretly
4) To live within one’s means
Correct Answer: To restrict someone's freedom
 
QID : 240 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

Cloven hoof
Options:
1) A difficult situation
2) The evil intention
3) Win approval
4) Additional success
Correct Answer: The evil intention
 
QID : 241 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

Draconian law
Options:
1) Written law
2) Extremely severe law
3) Oral law
4) Lenient law
Correct Answer: Extremely severe law
 
QID : 242 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

To fall flat
Options:
1) To flatter
2) To fall in love with someone
3) To have no effect
4) To give bad news
Correct Answer: To have no effect
 
QID : 243 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

To gird up the loins
Options:
1) To be unable to decide
2) To prepare for hard work
3) To be at strife
4) To one’s liking
Correct Answer: To prepare for hard work
 
QID : 244 - In the following question, out of the given four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

High and mighty
Options:
1) An unreliable person
2) Experts
3) Hopeful
4) Arrogant
Correct Answer: Arrogant
 
QID : 245 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options

P: Very seldom do we actually go out and do something, which is beneficial to the society without thinking of our own side benefit of it.
Q: This is something that we have been falling short of.
R: Every society must develop in its people a social responsibility.
S: We are very individualistic and don’t relate ourselves to our society as such.
Options:
1) RQSP
2) QRSP
3) QSRP
4) QPRS
Correct Answer: RQSP

QID : 246 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: “Health is Wealth” is a very old proverb however will be true forever for the humanity.
Q: A healthy person can perform any task however; a wealthy person who is suffering from untreatable disease can never buy a good health.
R: A healthy person (whether rich or poor) lives more happy and peaceful life than any rich person having a diseased body.
S: It indicates a very clear meaning that health is more significant for a person than the wealth.
Options:
1) SQRP
2) QRPS
3) RPQS
4) PSQR
Correct Answer: PSQR

QID : 247 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Until few years ago, people in India and several other underdeveloped and developing countries used to think that girls should stay at home, cook food and look after the kids and elderly.
Q: Girls are undoubtedly an indispensable part of our society.
R: But now the mindset has been changed; girls in India are bringing accolades to their parents and they are doing well in every field such as academics, sports, politics, etc.
S: No society or culture can progress without the presence of girls.
Options:
1) RQPS
2) QRPS
3) QSPR
4) QPSR
Correct Answer: QSPR

QID : 248 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Forests make for beautiful natural landscapes and scenery.
Q: They offer visitors and tourists the beauty of trees and plants of all kinds and a large variety of wildlife that inhabits the area.
R: Forests are a treasure house of nature.
S: People enjoy going into the forests either on foot or on a safari.
Options:
1) QPRS
2) QPSR
3) PSQR
4) QRPS
Correct Answer: PSQR

QID : 249 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Honesty is a moral value that must be inculcated in childhood.
Q: Through stories children can be exposed to the virtue of honesty, so that they can easily comprehend why dishonesty should be avoided, and how honesty is vital for life.
R: The value then takes firm foundation and can see one through life.
S: If the trait of dishonesty starts at a young age, it becomes a habit difficult to change.
Options:
1) PRSQ
2) RSPQ
3) RPQS
4) QRPS
Correct Answer: PRSQ

QID : 250 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Our behavior and character speak of the morals and ethics that we live by.
Q: Such persons follow their moral values whatever difficulty they may have to encounter in the process.
R: They do not fear punishment and stay in a state of peace and contentment.
S: A person who is righteous is one who has developed moral values and lives by them.
Options:
1) SQRP
2) QRPS
3) RPQS
4) PSQR
Correct Answer: PSQR
 
QID : 251 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: If we manage our time effectively we can accomplish all the activities and tasks we wish to.
Q: It is important that we draw up a time table that we can adopt practically.
R: If we can stick to the time table we can then succeed in achieving our goals whether they are in the short term or long term.
S: This requires drawing up a practicable time table.
Options:
1) QPRS
2) PSQR
3) SPQR
4) SQPR
Correct Answer: PSQR
 
QID : 252 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Any leader asked to address the plenary session of the World Economic Forum at Davos has an opportunity to do two things.
Q: The first is to pitch his (or her) country strongly to foreign companies and investors.
R: The second is to build the brand of both the individual and the country by looking at issues and concerns beyond those that just concern his or her country.
S: The world, after all, is sorely lacking in statesmen (and stateswomen) of global stature.
Options:
1) QPRS
2) RPQS
3) RQPS
4) PQRS
Correct Answer: PQRS

QID : 253 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918.
Q: Thanks to new military technologies and the horrors of trench warfare, World War I saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction.
R: During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers).
S: By the time the war was over and the Allied Powers claimed victory, more than 16 million people – soldiers and civilians alike – were dead.
Options:
1) SPQR
2) SQPR
3) PRQS
4) PSQR
Correct Answer: PRQS

QID : 254 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Republic Day of India is celebrated every year on 26th of January.
Q: A huge celebration event is organised annually in the national capital, New Delhi.
R: It is celebrated at the Rajpath, India Gate before the President of India.
S: A grand ceremonial parade of Indian army takes place at Rajpath to honour the Indian Flag.
Options:
1) PQRS
2) SRQP
3) QRPS
4) QSRP
Correct Answer: PQRS

QID : 255 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: People celebrate it as a two-day festival; first day as Holika Dahan and second day as colourful Holi. 
Q: Holi is a religious Hindu festival celebrated with lots of preparations in the month of Phalgun. 
R: At Holika Dahan, they burn a heap of sticks, straws and cow-dung cakes lying in the mid of streets in the late evening or night. 
S: And, next day in the morning, they celebrate a colorful Holi by playing colours with friends, family members and neighbours.
Options:
1) QPRS
2) PQRS
3) RPQS
4) QRPS
Correct Answer: QPRS
 
QID : 256 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: As a result, people end up saving a considerable amount of money while also saving the planet.
Q: Recycling your waste makes you more responsible in the way you use and dispose of it.
R: It is evident from studies that people who do this instinctively cut down on buying unwanted things from the supermarket.
S: They think of how to dispose of the packaging or the product after use before even buying it.
Options:
1) RQSP
2) SRQP
3) QRSP
4) QPRS
Correct Answer: QRSP

QID : 257 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

We all experience and understand that the current times are not very safe in general. One has to be on a ______ guard against unfriendly elements. As we move towards the Golden Age on the planet, a ______ of negative forces have surfaced. It is by bringing them to the surface that the divine forces can put them to an end. It is like the ______ that surfaces when we boil sugar in water, which is ready to be removed from the top so that what we get is sugar solution ______ of all the impurities. This process of cleansing our planet by the universal forces, however, will take some time. Till then, we have to ______ these negativities around us.

be on a ______ guard against
Options:
1) constant
2) varying
3) fickle
4) terminable
Correct Answer: constant

QID : 258 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

We all experience and understand that the current times are not very safe in general. One has to be on a ______ guard against unfriendly elements. As we move towards the Golden Age on the planet, a ______ of negative forces have surfaced. It is by bringing them to the surface that the divine forces can put them to an end. It is like the ______ that surfaces when we boil sugar in water, which is ready to be removed from the top so that what we get is sugar solution ______ of all the impurities. This process of cleansing our planet by the universal forces, however, will take some time. Till then, we have to ______ these negativities around us.

planet, a ______ of negative
Options:
1) handful
2) multitude
3) portion
4) little
Correct Answer: multitude

QID : 259 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

We all experience and understand that the current times are not very safe in general. One has to be on a ______ guard against unfriendly elements. As we move towards the Golden Age on the planet, a ______ of negative forces have surfaced. It is by bringing them to the surface that the divine forces can put them to an end. It is like the ______ that surfaces when we boil sugar in water, which is ready to be removed from the top so that what we get is sugar solution ______ of all the impurities. This process of cleansing our planet by the universal forces, however, will take some time. Till then, we have to ______ these negativities around us.

It is like the ______ that surfaces
Options:
1) assets
2) base
3) scum
4) core
Correct Answer: scum
 
QID : 260 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

We all experience and understand that the current times are not very safe in general. One has to be on a ______ guard against unfriendly elements. As we move towards the Golden Age on the planet, a ______ of negative forces have surfaced. It is by bringing them to the surface that the divine forces can put them to an end. It is like the ______ that surfaces when we boil sugar in water, which is ready to be removed from the top so that what we get is sugar solution ______ of all the impurities. This process of cleansing our planet by the universal forces, however, will take some time. Till then, we have to ______ these negativities around us.

sugar solution ______ of all the
Options:
1) full
2) sufficient
3) sated
4) devoid
Correct Answer: devoid
 
QID : 261 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

We all experience and understand that the current times are not very safe in general. One has to be on a ______ guard against unfriendly elements. As we move towards the Golden Age on the planet, a ______ of negative forces have surfaced. It is by bringing them to the surface that the divine forces can put them to an end. It is like the ______ that surfaces when we boil sugar in water, which is ready to be removed from the top so that what we get is sugar solution ______ of all the impurities. This process of cleansing our planet by the universal forces, however, will take some time. Till then, we have to ______ these negativities around us.

we have to ______ these negativities
Options:
1) refuse
2) throw away
3) shun
4) bear
Correct Answer: bear

QID : 262 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

If fantasies could be real, everyone might have wanted an ______ cut-off point at which they could instantly block out all stress. But, a ______ restless mind and an ego that cannot take defeat make sure that we keep worrying about all kinds of difficulties, including the significant, ______ and even imaginary ones. No wonder, most of us are suffering from chronic stress. For a majority, there is no escape from stressful circumstances. We can’t always shift cities, terminate relationships, resign from jobs, restrict social ______ and wait for ideal, stress-free conditions to come our way. But, we can change the way we ______ and deal with stress.

wanted an ______ cut-off point
Options:
1) inbuilt
2) superficial
3) extrinsic
4) incidental
Correct Answer: inbuilt
 
QID : 263 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

If fantasies could be real, everyone might have wanted an ______ cut-off point at which they could instantly block out all stress. But, a ______ restless mind and an ego that cannot take defeat make sure that we keep worrying about all kinds of difficulties, including the significant, ______ and even imaginary ones. No wonder, most of us are suffering from chronic stress. For a majority, there is no escape from stressful circumstances. We can’t always shift cities, terminate relationships, resign from jobs, restrict social ______ and wait for ideal, stress-free conditions to come our way. But, we can change the way we ______ and deal with stress.

But, a ______ restless mind
Options:
1) distantly
2) constantly
3) instantly
4) discrepantly
Correct Answer: constantly
 
QID : 264 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

If fantasies could be real, everyone might have wanted an ______ cut-off point at which they could instantly block out all stress. But, a ______ restless mind and an ego that cannot take defeat make sure that we keep worrying about all kinds of difficulties, including the significant, ______ and even imaginary ones. No wonder, most of us are suffering from chronic stress. For a majority, there is no escape from stressful circumstances. We can’t always shift cities, terminate relationships, resign from jobs, restrict social ______ and wait for ideal, stress-free conditions to come our way. But, we can change the way we ______ and deal with stress.

the significant, ______ and even
Options:
1) convivial
2) colluvial
3) trivial
4) diluvial
Correct Answer: trivial

QID : 265 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

If fantasies could be real, everyone might have wanted an ______ cut-off point at which they could instantly block out all stress. But, a ______ restless mind and an ego that cannot take defeat make sure that we keep worrying about all kinds of difficulties, including the significant, ______ and even imaginary ones. No wonder, most of us are suffering from chronic stress. For a majority, there is no escape from stressful circumstances. We can’t always shift cities, terminate relationships, resign from jobs, restrict social ______ and wait for ideal, stress-free conditions to come our way. But, we can change the way we ______ and deal with stress.

restrict social ______ and wait
Options:
1) calibration
2) deception
3) enation
4) interaction
Correct Answer: interaction

QID : 266 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

If fantasies could be real, everyone might have wanted an ______ cut-off point at which they could instantly block out all stress. But, a ______ restless mind and an ego that cannot take defeat make sure that we keep worrying about all kinds of difficulties, including the significant, ______ and even imaginary ones. No wonder, most of us are suffering from chronic stress. For a majority, there is no escape from stressful circumstances. We can’t always shift cities, terminate relationships, resign from jobs, restrict social ______ and wait for ideal, stress-free conditions to come our way. But, we can change the way we ______ and deal with stress.

the way we ______ and deal with
Options:
1) contrive
2) restrive
3) archive
4) perceive
Correct Answer: perceive
 
QID : 267 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

Silence is much more than the absence of sound; it is the ______ pre-existing entity in which God creates. It is the source to which all words return to ______ true meaning. Silence is the womb of the tangible world. In the Christian Biblical version of Creation, God ‘spoke’ and the world came into being. With the pronouncing of the Word, speech became primary, but silence remained ______. The heart of Christian meditation is to return to this primordial state of being. It is a journey from words into the creative word of God; this word is ______ by silence. By its very nature, silence is ______, often purposeless and for that reason very frightening.

it is the ______ pre-existing
Options:
1) autonomous
2) enormous
3) disastrous
4) acrimonious
Correct Answer: autonomous
 
QID : 268 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

Silence is much more than the absence of sound; it is the ______ pre-existing entity in which God creates. It is the source to which all words return to ______ true meaning. Silence is the womb of the tangible world. In the Christian Biblical version of Creation, God ‘spoke’ and the world came into being. With the pronouncing of the Word, speech became primary, but silence remained ______. The heart of Christian meditation is to return to this primordial state of being. It is a journey from words into the creative word of God; this word is ______ by silence. By its very nature, silence is ______, often purposeless and for that reason very frightening.

all words return to ______ true meaning
Options:
1) abstain
2) attain
3) detain
4) blain
Correct Answer: attain
 
QID : 269 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

Silence is much more than the absence of sound; it is the ______ pre-existing entity in which God creates. It is the source to which all words return to ______ true meaning. Silence is the womb of the tangible world. In the Christian Biblical version of Creation, God ‘spoke’ and the world came into being. With the pronouncing of the Word, speech became primary, but silence remained ______. The heart of Christian meditation is to return to this primordial state of being. It is a journey from words into the creative word of God; this word is ______ by silence. By its very nature, silence is ______, often purposeless and for that reason very frightening.

but silence remained ______.
Options:
1) ambrosial
2) celestial
3) primordial
4) altricial
Correct Answer: primordial
 
QID : 270 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

Silence is much more than the absence of sound; it is the ______ pre-existing entity in which God creates. It is the source to which all words return to ______ true meaning. Silence is the womb of the tangible world. In the Christian Biblical version of Creation, God ‘spoke’ and the world came into being. With the pronouncing of the Word, speech became primary, but silence remained ______. The heart of Christian meditation is to return to this primordial state of being. It is a journey from words into the creative word of God; this word is ______ by silence. By its very nature, silence is ______, often purposeless and for that reason very frightening.

this word is ______ by silence.
Options:
1) open
2) showcased
3) picturised
4) enveloped
Correct Answer: enveloped
 
QID : 271 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

Silence is much more than the absence of sound; it is the ______ pre-existing entity in which God creates. It is the source to which all words return to ______ true meaning. Silence is the womb of the tangible world. In the Christian Biblical version of Creation, God ‘spoke’ and the world came into being. With the pronouncing of the Word, speech became primary, but silence remained ______. The heart of Christian meditation is to return to this primordial state of being. It is a journey from words into the creative word of God; this word is ______ by silence. By its very nature, silence is ______, often purposeless and for that reason very frightening.

silence is ______, often purposeless
Options:
1) adaptable
2) equitable
3) irritable
4) unexploitable
Correct Answer: unexploitable
 
QID : 272 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: The word ‘media’ is derived from the word medium, signifying mode or carrier.
Q: Media is intended to reach and address a large target group or audience.
R: In today’s world, media becomes as essential as our daily needs.
S: The word was first used in respect of books and newspapers i.e. print media and with the advent of technology, media now encompasses television, movies, radio and internet.
Options:
1) PSQR
2) SPQR
3) SQRP
4) SRQP
Correct Answer: PSQR
 
QID : 273 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: When you read a book you are focusing your attention on the conceptual ideas in the book.
Q: Self awareness is developed through practices in focusing your attention on the details of your personality and behavior which isn’t learned from reading a book.
R: You can develop an intellectual understanding of the ideas of self awareness from a book, but this is not the same.
S: With your attention in a book you are practicing not paying attention to your own behavior, emotions and personality.
Options:
1) SQPR
2) QPSR
3) PQRS
4) PRSQ
Correct Answer: QPSR
 
QID : 274 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Yoga is one of the ancient art forms which was originated in India thousand years ago.
Q: It is the connection of individual Soul to the Divine soul. 
R: It is a Sanskrit word derived from Yuj which means  to Unite in its ordinary sense. 
S: It’s a system of mental and physical discipline which controls the mind and the body.
Options:
1) QPRS
2) PRQS
3) SQPR
4) SPQR
Correct Answer: PRQS
 
QID : 275 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Banks, which garner the lion’s share of retail debt allocations, pegged down their term deposit interest rates with alacrity by 200-250 basis points between 2014 and 2016 as market rates fell.
Q: Indian savers have made a decisive shift from real to financial assets in recent years prompted by policy nudges and sluggish gold and property markets.
R: But they have been tardy in passing on the rate increases of the past year.
S: But while umpteen new equity-linked options have sprung up on their menu – MFs, NPS, market-linked insurance plans – there’s a notable dearth of debt options.
Options:
1) SRQP
2) SPQR
3) QSPR
4) QRSP
Correct Answer: QSPR
 
QID : 276 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Most often, the things in this list are forgotten by us or taken for granted, as we continue to interact with the world on a daily basis.
Q: The gratitude list is a list of those things that we have and that we are grateful for.
R: A simple gratitude list would go thus: I am grateful for being alive, that I have a roof over my head and can afford two square meals, that I have work, that I am earning, that I don’t have any major disease etc.
S: This list is endless, and we can all keep adding our own small or big personal items to the list.
Options:
1) PQRS
2) QPRS
3) PRQS
4) PQSR
Correct Answer: QPRS
 
QID : 277 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Therefore, these are products of the thinking by sages and not products of every man’s nature.
Q: A person’s behaviour evolves through conscious evolution.
R: When a potter pounds the clay and makes a vessel, it is the product of the artisan’s activity, not of his nature.
S: The sages observed activities and gathered ideas and thoughts, and thereafter introduced principles of propriety and righteousness and instituted laws and systems.
Options:
1) PQRS
2) PSQR
3) PRQS
4) QRSP
Correct Answer: QRSP
 
QID : 278 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: Modern medicine has scored significant victories against both, and the major causes of ill health and death are now the chronic degenerative diseases, such as coronary artery disease, arthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's, macular degeneration, cataract and cancer.
Q: It follows that the majority of apparently healthy people are pre-ill.
R: Throughout human history the leading causes of death have been infection and trauma.
S: These have a long latency period before symptoms appear and a diagnosis is made.
Options:
1) RPSQ
2) PRQS
3) PSQR
4) QRSP
Correct Answer: RPSQ
 
QID : 279 - The question below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

P: The incidence and severity of Type B malnutrition will be shown to be worse if newer micronutrient groups such as the essential fatty acids, xanthophylls and flavonoids are included in the surveys.
Q: Commonly ingested levels of these micronutrients seem to be far too low in many developed countries.
R: Many national surveys reveal that malnutrition is common in developed countries.
S: This is not the calorie and/or micronutrient deficiency associated with developing nations (Type A malnutrition); but multiple micronutrient depletion, usually combined with calorific balance or excess (Type B malnutrition).
Options:
1) SPQR
2) PRQS
3) RSPQ
4) RQSP
Correct Answer: RSPQ

QID : 280 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

Fear of pain.
Options:
1) Mysophobia
2) Algophobia
3) Acrophobia
4) Homophobia
Correct Answer: Algophobia
 
QID : 281 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

200 th anniversary.
Options:
1) Quadriennial
2) Bicentennial
3) Quinquennial
4) Bimillennial
Correct Answer: Bicentennial
 
QID : 282 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

A short story with a moral.
Options:
1) Wobble
2) Parable
3) Scrabble
4) Affable
Correct Answer: Parable
 
QID : 283 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

Dress with medals, ribbons worn at official ceremony.
Options:
1) Penicillia
2) Penetralia
3) Regalia
4) Basophilia
Correct Answer: Regalia
 
QID : 284 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

Extreme or indefinite to be adequately described.
Options:
1) Ostensible
2) Indescribable
3) Impressionable
4) Conceivable
Correct Answer: Indescribable
 
QID : 285 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

The state of being deprived of a right or privilege, especially the right to vote.
Options:
1) Abolishment
2) Disenfranchisement
3) Abandonment
4) Abatement
Correct Answer: Disenfranchisement
 
QID : 286 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

Assembly or parliament in which no party has got clear majority.
Options:
1) Clung
2) Hung
3) Pung
4) Dung
Correct Answer: Hung
 
QID : 287 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

Belonging to middle class. 
Options:
1) Chamois
2) Turquois
3) Bourgeois
4) Envious
Correct Answer: Bourgeois

QID : 288 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

A formal expression of praise for someone who has died.
Options:
1) Orology
2) Eulogy
3) Cytology
4) Misology
Correct Answer: Eulogy
 
QID : 289 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

One who dies without will.
Options:
1) Abdicate
2) Intestate
3) Fortunate
4) Desperate
Correct Answer: Intestate

QID : 290 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

Systematic study of election trends.
Options:
1) Archaeology
2) Psephology
3) Entomology
4) Eschatology
Correct Answer: Psephology
 
QID : 291 - In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute of the phrase.

A statement which is accepted as true without proof.
Options:
1) Elegy
2) Axiom
3) Agenda
4) Almanac
Correct Answer: Axiom
 
QID : 292 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The granaries of India are trapped in a dangerous vicious cycle of input use, where increased dumping of fertiliser in the wrong combinations (has rendered) the soil incapable of regenerating itself, which in turn escalates input use.
Options:
1) have rendered
2) is rendered
3) had render
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: No improvement

QID : 293 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Mixed cropping should be encouraged both as a (hedge for) price risk and for its ecological benefits.
Options:
1) hedge against
2) hedge of
3) hedge in
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: hedge against
 
QID : 294 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The Centre can’t afford to procrastinate any further (at) framing rules to regulate the trading and use of bitcoin and other virtual currencies.
Options:
1) on
2) under
3) of
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: on

QID : 295 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The telecom sector is the backbone to the Digital India vision and it deserves an (enabled) regulatory environment.
Options:
1) enabling
2) enable
3) able
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: enabling

QID : 296 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The Chairman (send in) all the right signals and we can only hope that his trip will result in rich dividends.
Options:
1) send out
2) sent of
3) sent out
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: sent out
 
QID : 297 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Bull markets, John Templeton said, are born on pessimism, grow on scepticism, mature on optimism and (die for) euphoria.
Options:
1) die on
2) die at
3) die above
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: die on

QID : 298 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) (has decreed) that all MF schemes must adopt the Total Return variants of their chosen benchmarks to measure and disclose their performance.
Options:
1) is decree
2) have decreed
3) has decreeing
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: No improvement
 
QID : 299 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

It is revealing that the gender divide in cognition levels worsens with rise in age, as girls are often compelled to (drop in) of school for a variety of reasons.
Options:
1) drop at
2) drop out
3) drop of
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: drop out
 
QID : 300 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

There is a compelling case for privatising the airline and freeing (locked at) funds for education and health.
Options:
1) locked of
2) locked on
3) locked up
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: locked up
 
QID : 301 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

This idea of the impossible (became) even more relevant when we come to the individual, who might consider certain accomplishments impossible without realising that with persistent effort and determination they could be achieved.
Options:
1) becoming
2) becomes
3) was became
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: becomes
 
QID : 302 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Once you emerge as an individual, it is important to realise that your freedom has an impact (on) others.
Options:
1) at
2) for
3) in
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: No improvement

QID : 303 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Our destiny is always and only in our own hands – (inspite) all apparent evidence which may indicate otherwise.
Options:
1) despite in
2) despite of
3) despite
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: despite

QID : 304 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The real principle behind love is to see the (underlied) divine consciousness in everything.
Options:
1) underlying
2) underlay
3) underlie
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: underlying
 
QID : 305 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Scientists (have developed) an “organ-on-a-chip” platform to study how drugs are transported across the human placental barrier.
Options:
1) have develop
2) has developed
3) is develop
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: No improvement
 
QID : 306 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

I (have done) my exercises when keshav came to see me.
Options:
1) had done
2) done 
3) doing
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: had done
 
QID : 307 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The student of human history can draw on many more natural experiments (than) just comparisons among the five inhabited continents.
Options:
1) to
2) of
3) for
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: No improvement

QID : 308 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Our biological knowledge of even some of the commonest animals is (embarrassed) slight and it is here that zoos can be of inestimable value in amassing information.
Options:
1) embarrass
2) embarrassingly
3) embarrassing
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: embarrassingly

QID : 309 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the (much) efficient economic system.
Options:
1) most
2) many
3) mere
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: most

QID : 310 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

In the eighteenth century, Japan's feudal overlords, from the shogun to the humblest samurai, found themselves (on) financial stress.
Options:
1) of
2) for
3) under
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: under
 
QID : 311 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The feminist criticism (has become) a political discourse; a critical and theoretical practice committed to the struggle against patriarchy and sexism.
Options:
1) have becoming
2) has became
3) became
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: No improvement
 
QID : 312 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

The communities of ants are sometimes very large, (numbered) even upto 500 individuals: and it is a lesson to us that no one has ever yet seen quarrel between any two ants belonging to the same community.
Options:
1) number
2) numerous
3) numbering
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: numbering
 
QID : 313 - Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

Higher crude oil prices have doubtlessly provided a significant fiscal boost in the past several months, although any (flair on) going forward can lead to a price spiral that would have other untoward consequences as well.
Options:
1) flair in
2) flare at
3) flare up
4) No improvement
Correct Answer: flare up

QID : 314 - A passage is given with five questions following it. Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Vibrant salads, wholesome bites, vegan baking, all vegetarian!” Thus proclaimed a billboard on a stand placed just outside The Lighthouse Cafe. Well, well, well, I thought to myself, another one of those places designed to attract tourists; can’t be genuine, can it? I couldn’t have been more wrong. I’d embarked on a walking tour of Galway, a city facing the Atlantic, in the Republic of Ireland, and my guide was Billy Murray who told me at the outset that I would be the solitary walker – others had stayed away because of the dismal weather. The weather had indeed been unfriendly, with beating rain, thunder, poor visibility and of course, gray and cold, especially on the Wild Atlantic Way where I had braved the weather and carried on with a coach tour I’d booked earlier, after having spent the previous day driving down to Galway from Dublin. But today the rains had stopped and the sky was clear but still gray and yet, I found the ambience rather romantic and full of promise. “Of course, we’ll go on that walking tour,” I said to a surprised Billy who led me out of the Tourist Centre in downtown Galway and on to the rain-washed street. At the end of the rather comprehensive tour I asked Billy for advice – where should I eat my lunch? And he’d recommended the Lighthouse Cafe near Lynch’s Castle (now a bank) when I specified that I was vegetarian.
It seems there are quite a few local residents who are vegetarian and more are exploring this choice, mainly because of health and environmental reasons. But the decor inside the restaurant suggested that the owner turned to this choice due to compassion. I remembered then that Billy did mention that Kerry Legh and her spouse, who run the place, practise Sahaj Marga meditation. The lotus flower was a dominant feature of the restaurant’s interior. Be that as it may, my lunch turned out to be one of the best vegetarian ones I’ve ever had anywhere in the world. When I’d entered the restaurant, a large dog that answers to the name of ‘Chieftain’ was seated beside his owner, intently watching him eat, without begging even once. Maybe they too practise some kind of meditation, I figured.

Why was the author considered as solitary walker in Galway by the guide Billy Murray?
Options:
1) Because of the bad weather that day.
2) Because the author hardly use to mingle up with the people around.
3) As the author was left behind by her friend who accompanied her to this tour.
4) The author always preferred to travel all alone.
Correct Answer: Because of the bad weather that day.
 
QID : 315 - A passage is given with five questions following it. Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Vibrant salads, wholesome bites, vegan baking, all vegetarian!” Thus proclaimed a billboard on a stand placed just outside The Lighthouse Cafe. Well, well, well, I thought to myself, another one of those places designed to attract tourists; can’t be genuine, can it? I couldn’t have been more wrong. I’d embarked on a walking tour of Galway, a city facing the Atlantic, in the Republic of Ireland, and my guide was Billy Murray who told me at the outset that I would be the solitary walker – others had stayed away because of the dismal weather. The weather had indeed been unfriendly, with beating rain, thunder, poor visibility and of course, gray and cold, especially on the Wild Atlantic Way where I had braved the weather and carried on with a coach tour I’d booked earlier, after having spent the previous day driving down to Galway from Dublin. But today the rains had stopped and the sky was clear but still gray and yet, I found the ambience rather romantic and full of promise. “Of course, we’ll go on that walking tour,” I said to a surprised Billy who led me out of the Tourist Centre in downtown Galway and on to the rain-washed street. At the end of the rather comprehensive tour I asked Billy for advice – where should I eat my lunch? And he’d recommended the Lighthouse Cafe near Lynch’s Castle (now a bank) when I specified that I was vegetarian.
It seems there are quite a few local residents who are vegetarian and more are exploring this choice, mainly because of health and environmental reasons. But the decor inside the restaurant suggested that the owner turned to this choice due to compassion. I remembered then that Billy did mention that Kerry Legh and her spouse, who run the place, practise Sahaj Marga meditation. The lotus flower was a dominant feature of the restaurant’s interior. Be that as it may, my lunch turned out to be one of the best vegetarian ones I’ve ever had anywhere in the world. When I’d entered the restaurant, a large dog that answers to the name of ‘Chieftain’ was seated beside his owner, intently watching him eat, without begging even once. Maybe they too practise some kind of meditation, I figured.

What kind of nature is reflected of the author from the first line of the second para of the passage?
Options:
1) She is very optimistic and lively person.
2) She is very dull and boring.
3) She is very aggressive.
4) She is always satisfied with whatever she gets in life.
Correct Answer: She is very optimistic and lively person.
 
QID : 316 - A passage is given with five questions following it. Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Vibrant salads, wholesome bites, vegan baking, all vegetarian!” Thus proclaimed a billboard on a stand placed just outside The Lighthouse Cafe. Well, well, well, I thought to myself, another one of those places designed to attract tourists; can’t be genuine, can it? I couldn’t have been more wrong. I’d embarked on a walking tour of Galway, a city facing the Atlantic, in the Republic of Ireland, and my guide was Billy Murray who told me at the outset that I would be the solitary walker – others had stayed away because of the dismal weather. The weather had indeed been unfriendly, with beating rain, thunder, poor visibility and of course, gray and cold, especially on the Wild Atlantic Way where I had braved the weather and carried on with a coach tour I’d booked earlier, after having spent the previous day driving down to Galway from Dublin. But today the rains had stopped and the sky was clear but still gray and yet, I found the ambience rather romantic and full of promise. “Of course, we’ll go on that walking tour,” I said to a surprised Billy who led me out of the Tourist Centre in downtown Galway and on to the rain-washed street. At the end of the rather comprehensive tour I asked Billy for advice – where should I eat my lunch? And he’d recommended the Lighthouse Cafe near Lynch’s Castle (now a bank) when I specified that I was vegetarian.
It seems there are quite a few local residents who are vegetarian and more are exploring this choice, mainly because of health and environmental reasons. But the decor inside the restaurant suggested that the owner turned to this choice due to compassion. I remembered then that Billy did mention that Kerry Legh and her spouse, who run the place, practise Sahaj Marga meditation. The lotus flower was a dominant feature of the restaurant’s interior. Be that as it may, my lunch turned out to be one of the best vegetarian ones I’ve ever had anywhere in the world. When I’d entered the restaurant, a large dog that answers to the name of ‘Chieftain’ was seated beside his owner, intently watching him eat, without begging even once. Maybe they too practise some kind of meditation, I figured.

Why was just Lighthouse Cafe recommended to the author to have lunch at?
Options:
1) It serves tasty food.
2) It was close to the author’s hotel.
3) It has good ambience.
4) It serves vegetarian food only and the author was also vegetarian.
Correct Answer: It serves vegetarian food only and the author was also vegetarian.

QID : 317 - A passage is given with five questions following it. Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Vibrant salads, wholesome bites, vegan baking, all vegetarian!” Thus proclaimed a billboard on a stand placed just outside The Lighthouse Cafe. Well, well, well, I thought to myself, another one of those places designed to attract tourists; can’t be genuine, can it? I couldn’t have been more wrong. I’d embarked on a walking tour of Galway, a city facing the Atlantic, in the Republic of Ireland, and my guide was Billy Murray who told me at the outset that I would be the solitary walker – others had stayed away because of the dismal weather. The weather had indeed been unfriendly, with beating rain, thunder, poor visibility and of course, gray and cold, especially on the Wild Atlantic Way where I had braved the weather and carried on with a coach tour I’d booked earlier, after having spent the previous day driving down to Galway from Dublin. But today the rains had stopped and the sky was clear but still gray and yet, I found the ambience rather romantic and full of promise. “Of course, we’ll go on that walking tour,” I said to a surprised Billy who led me out of the Tourist Centre in downtown Galway and on to the rain-washed street. At the end of the rather comprehensive tour I asked Billy for advice – where should I eat my lunch? And he’d recommended the Lighthouse Cafe near Lynch’s Castle (now a bank) when I specified that I was vegetarian.
It seems there are quite a few local residents who are vegetarian and more are exploring this choice, mainly because of health and environmental reasons. But the decor inside the restaurant suggested that the owner turned to this choice due to compassion. I remembered then that Billy did mention that Kerry Legh and her spouse, who run the place, practise Sahaj Marga meditation. The lotus flower was a dominant feature of the restaurant’s interior. Be that as it may, my lunch turned out to be one of the best vegetarian ones I’ve ever had anywhere in the world. When I’d entered the restaurant, a large dog that answers to the name of ‘Chieftain’ was seated beside his owner, intently watching him eat, without begging even once. Maybe they too practise some kind of meditation, I figured.

What was liked by the author in the restaurant – The Lighthouse Cafe?
Options:
1) The lotus flower in the cafe.
2) The dog in the cafe.
3) The vegetarian food there.
4) All of these
Correct Answer: All of these
 
QID : 318 - A passage is given with five questions following it. Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Vibrant salads, wholesome bites, vegan baking, all vegetarian!” Thus proclaimed a billboard on a stand placed just outside The Lighthouse Cafe. Well, well, well, I thought to myself, another one of those places designed to attract tourists; can’t be genuine, can it? I couldn’t have been more wrong. I’d embarked on a walking tour of Galway, a city facing the Atlantic, in the Republic of Ireland, and my guide was Billy Murray who told me at the outset that I would be the solitary walker – others had stayed away because of the dismal weather. The weather had indeed been unfriendly, with beating rain, thunder, poor visibility and of course, gray and cold, especially on the Wild Atlantic Way where I had braved the weather and carried on with a coach tour I’d booked earlier, after having spent the previous day driving down to Galway from Dublin. But today the rains had stopped and the sky was clear but still gray and yet, I found the ambience rather romantic and full of promise. “Of course, we’ll go on that walking tour,” I said to a surprised Billy who led me out of the Tourist Centre in downtown Galway and on to the rain-washed street. At the end of the rather comprehensive tour I asked Billy for advice – where should I eat my lunch? And he’d recommended the Lighthouse Cafe near Lynch’s Castle (now a bank) when I specified that I was vegetarian.
It seems there are quite a few local residents who are vegetarian and more are exploring this choice, mainly because of health and environmental reasons. But the decor inside the restaurant suggested that the owner turned to this choice due to compassion. I remembered then that Billy did mention that Kerry Legh and her spouse, who run the place, practise Sahaj Marga meditation. The lotus flower was a dominant feature of the restaurant’s interior. Be that as it may, my lunch turned out to be one of the best vegetarian ones I’ve ever had anywhere in the world. When I’d entered the restaurant, a large dog that answers to the name of ‘Chieftain’ was seated beside his owner, intently watching him eat, without begging even once. Maybe they too practise some kind of meditation, I figured.

What kind of ambience was there inside the Lighthouse Cafe?
Options:
1) Peaceful and soothing
2) Full of loud music and dance
3) Not lively at all
4) Overcrowded and lot of mismanagement was there.
Correct Answer: Peaceful and soothing
 
QID : 319 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

The Russian doping scandal continues to cast a long shadow over international sport as the 2018 Winter Olympics begin in Pyeong Chang, South Korea, on February 9. In December, the International Olympic Committee banned Russia from competing in the Games following investigation into an alleged state-sponsored doping programme at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. The decision to ban Russia came after the IOC’s Disciplinary Commission, headed by former president of the Swiss Confederation Samuel Schmid, confirmed “systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia”. The IOC had stated, however, that clean Russian athletes would be allowed to compete as neutrals and last month invited 169 of them – each to be known as Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR) – to participate in the Pyeong Chang Games. The announcement did not go down well outside Russia, even though the IOC declared that “more than 80%” of those athletes had not competed in Sochi and had been carefully vetted. That the OAR will form one of the largest contingents at the Games, although there will be no place for the Russian flag and anthem, makes the ‘ban’ seem a bit of a farce. Further, Russian athletes could be allowed to march under their own flag at the closing ceremony if they comply with the IOC’s conditions during the Games. There is a sense that the IOC is not able to punish a sporting superpower like Russia.

Where was the Winter Olympic 2014 held?
Options:
1) Pyeong Chang, South Korea
2) Sochi, Russia
3) Vancouver, Canada
4) Turin, Italy
Correct Answer: Sochi, Russia

QID : 320 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

The Russian doping scandal continues to cast a long shadow over international sport as the 2018 Winter Olympics begin in Pyeong Chang, South Korea, on February 9. In December, the International Olympic Committee banned Russia from competing in the Games following investigation into an alleged state-sponsored doping programme at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. The decision to ban Russia came after the IOC’s Disciplinary Commission, headed by former president of the Swiss Confederation Samuel Schmid, confirmed “systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia”. The IOC had stated, however, that clean Russian athletes would be allowed to compete as neutrals and last month invited 169 of them – each to be known as Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR) – to participate in the Pyeong Chang Games. The announcement did not go down well outside Russia, even though the IOC declared that “more than 80%” of those athletes had not competed in Sochi and had been carefully vetted. That the OAR will form one of the largest contingents at the Games, although there will be no place for the Russian flag and anthem, makes the ‘ban’ seem a bit of a farce. Further, Russian athletes could be allowed to march under their own flag at the closing ceremony if they comply with the IOC’s conditions during the Games. There is a sense that the IOC is not able to punish a sporting superpower like Russia.

Why is Russia banned to compete in Winter Olympics 2018?
Options:
1) Due to manipulation of the anti doping rules in Winter Olympics, 2014.
2) Because of misbehaviour of Russian players with other team’s players.
3) As Russian players are not fit enough to take the pressure of Olympic games held on such a big platform.
4) As Russia is in some war with South Korea where the games are to be played.
Correct Answer: Due to manipulation of the anti doping rules in Winter Olympics, 2014.
 
QID : 321 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

The Russian doping scandal continues to cast a long shadow over international sport as the 2018 Winter Olympics begin in Pyeong Chang, South Korea, on February 9. In December, the International Olympic Committee banned Russia from competing in the Games following investigation into an alleged state-sponsored doping programme at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. The decision to ban Russia came after the IOC’s Disciplinary Commission, headed by former president of the Swiss Confederation Samuel Schmid, confirmed “systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia”. The IOC had stated, however, that clean Russian athletes would be allowed to compete as neutrals and last month invited 169 of them – each to be known as Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR) – to participate in the Pyeong Chang Games. The announcement did not go down well outside Russia, even though the IOC declared that “more than 80%” of those athletes had not competed in Sochi and had been carefully vetted. That the OAR will form one of the largest contingents at the Games, although there will be no place for the Russian flag and anthem, makes the ‘ban’ seem a bit of a farce. Further, Russian athletes could be allowed to march under their own flag at the closing ceremony if they comply with the IOC’s conditions during the Games. There is a sense that the IOC is not able to punish a sporting superpower like Russia.

Why does ban on Russian flag and anthem during Winter Olympic Games 2018 seem a bit of a farce?
Options:
1) Because Russian Athletes will be one of the largest team to compete in the games.
2) The games are organized in Russia only.
3) Russia has always played these games legally and ethically.
4) Russian players are best in the world when comes to playing in Olympics.
Correct Answer: Because Russian Athletes will be one of the largest team to compete in the games.

QID : 322 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

The Russian doping scandal continues to cast a long shadow over international sport as the 2018 Winter Olympics begin in Pyeong Chang, South Korea, on February 9. In December, the International Olympic Committee banned Russia from competing in the Games following investigation into an alleged state-sponsored doping programme at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. The decision to ban Russia came after the IOC’s Disciplinary Commission, headed by former president of the Swiss Confederation Samuel Schmid, confirmed “systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia”. The IOC had stated, however, that clean Russian athletes would be allowed to compete as neutrals and last month invited 169 of them – each to be known as Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR) – to participate in the Pyeong Chang Games. The announcement did not go down well outside Russia, even though the IOC declared that “more than 80%” of those athletes had not competed in Sochi and had been carefully vetted. That the OAR will form one of the largest contingents at the Games, although there will be no place for the Russian flag and anthem, makes the ‘ban’ seem a bit of a farce. Further, Russian athletes could be allowed to march under their own flag at the closing ceremony if they comply with the IOC’s conditions during the Games. There is a sense that the IOC is not able to punish a sporting superpower like Russia.

How is it evident from the passage that IOC is not able to punish a sporting superpower like Russia fully?
Options:
1) Russian flag will be a part of opening ceremony of Olympics Games.
2) Russian athletes will be allowed to march under their flag at the closing ceremony of the games.
3) Russian athletes are being given special treatment at the games as compared to those of other countries.
4) None of these
Correct Answer: Russian athletes will be allowed to march under their flag at the closing ceremony of the games.

QID : 323 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

The Russian doping scandal continues to cast a long shadow over international sport as the 2018 Winter Olympics begin in Pyeong Chang, South Korea, on February 9. In December, the International Olympic Committee banned Russia from competing in the Games following investigation into an alleged state-sponsored doping programme at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. The decision to ban Russia came after the IOC’s Disciplinary Commission, headed by former president of the Swiss Confederation Samuel Schmid, confirmed “systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia”. The IOC had stated, however, that clean Russian athletes would be allowed to compete as neutrals and last month invited 169 of them – each to be known as Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR) – to participate in the Pyeong Chang Games. The announcement did not go down well outside Russia, even though the IOC declared that “more than 80%” of those athletes had not competed in Sochi and had been carefully vetted. That the OAR will form one of the largest contingents at the Games, although there will be no place for the Russian flag and anthem, makes the ‘ban’ seem a bit of a farce. Further, Russian athletes could be allowed to march under their own flag at the closing ceremony if they comply with the IOC’s conditions during the Games. There is a sense that the IOC is not able to punish a sporting superpower like Russia.

When did the decision come to ban Russia in Winter Olympic Games 2018?
Options:
1) It was after IOC’s head confirmed systematic manipulation of the anti doping rules and system in Russia in Winter Olympics Games 2014.
2) It was after examining Russia athletics who didn’t qualify the rules for the games to play.
3) It was after the Russia which argued special treatment to be given to its players during the games.
4) It was when Russia complained of bad weather of South Korea where the games have begun.
Correct Answer: It was after IOC’s head confirmed systematic manipulation of the anti doping rules and system in Russia in Winter Olympics Games 2014.
 
QID : 324 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Religious architecture forms a major portion of India’s built heritage. These structures are not only unwritten documents of history, they are also stamps of the might of the rulers who built them and articulations of grand visions.
Secular and religious structures are products of their location – the material used to build them depended on what was available to the kings and workers at that time. They were also a reflection of the piety of the artisans and workers, for nothing else can explain the hard work that went into cutting through solid natural rock to carve out temples and spectacular sculptures. Rock-cut architecture never fails to awe me with all its majesty, precision, and intricate detail.
The earliest rock-cut architecture is from the Mauryan dynasty, but the Ajanta caves, which I had visited a few decades ago and which left me awestruck, are among the earliest rock-cut temples.
The Udayagiri caves, in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, are not as popular but they are worth a visit, for they contain some of the oldest Hindu temples and iconography. They were built during the Gupta period (350-550 CE).
These caves were not just an expression of religious piety but also a political statement. They lie on two low sandstone hills between the rivers Betwa and Beas. It is possible that when these caves were carved out, they fell directly on the Tropic of Cancer and thus the name translates to Mount of Sunrise. On the day of summer solstice, the sun would have been directly overhead, making this a place of worship.

From what all materials the kings in the past used to build beautiful architectures?
Options:
1) The material that was available to the kings and workers at that time.
2) Special kind of raw material was asked to be produced by the people by the king to build these architectures.
3) Most of the material was imported from outside India by the kings.
4) None of these
Correct Answer: The material that was available to the kings and workers at that time.

QID : 325 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Religious architecture forms a major portion of India’s built heritage. These structures are not only unwritten documents of history, they are also stamps of the might of the rulers who built them and articulations of grand visions.
Secular and religious structures are products of their location – the material used to build them depended on what was available to the kings and workers at that time. They were also a reflection of the piety of the artisans and workers, for nothing else can explain the hard work that went into cutting through solid natural rock to carve out temples and spectacular sculptures. Rock-cut architecture never fails to awe me with all its majesty, precision, and intricate detail.
The earliest rock-cut architecture is from the Mauryan dynasty, but the Ajanta caves, which I had visited a few decades ago and which left me awestruck, are among the earliest rock-cut temples.
The Udayagiri caves, in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, are not as popular but they are worth a visit, for they contain some of the oldest Hindu temples and iconography. They were built during the Gupta period (350-550 CE).
These caves were not just an expression of religious piety but also a political statement. They lie on two low sandstone hills between the rivers Betwa and Beas. It is possible that when these caves were carved out, they fell directly on the Tropic of Cancer and thus the name translates to Mount of Sunrise. On the day of summer solstice, the sun would have been directly overhead, making this a place of worship.

What qualities of the architecture made the author to be awestruck while seeing them?
Options:
1) Its majesty
2) Its precision
3) Its intricate detail
4) All of these
Correct Answer: All of these
 
QID : 326 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Religious architecture forms a major portion of India’s built heritage. These structures are not only unwritten documents of history, they are also stamps of the might of the rulers who built them and articulations of grand visions.
Secular and religious structures are products of their location – the material used to build them depended on what was available to the kings and workers at that time. They were also a reflection of the piety of the artisans and workers, for nothing else can explain the hard work that went into cutting through solid natural rock to carve out temples and spectacular sculptures. Rock-cut architecture never fails to awe me with all its majesty, precision, and intricate detail.
The earliest rock-cut architecture is from the Mauryan dynasty, but the Ajanta caves, which I had visited a few decades ago and which left me awestruck, are among the earliest rock-cut temples.
The Udayagiri caves, in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, are not as popular but they are worth a visit, for they contain some of the oldest Hindu temples and iconography. They were built during the Gupta period (350-550 CE).
These caves were not just an expression of religious piety but also a political statement. They lie on two low sandstone hills between the rivers Betwa and Beas. It is possible that when these caves were carved out, they fell directly on the Tropic of Cancer and thus the name translates to Mount of Sunrise. On the day of summer solstice, the sun would have been directly overhead, making this a place of worship.

The earliest rock-cut architecture is from which dynasty?
Options:
1) Mauryan
2) Gupta
3) Chola
4) Satvahana
Correct Answer: Mauryan
 
QID : 327 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Religious architecture forms a major portion of India’s built heritage. These structures are not only unwritten documents of history, they are also stamps of the might of the rulers who built them and articulations of grand visions.
Secular and religious structures are products of their location – the material used to build them depended on what was available to the kings and workers at that time. They were also a reflection of the piety of the artisans and workers, for nothing else can explain the hard work that went into cutting through solid natural rock to carve out temples and spectacular sculptures. Rock-cut architecture never fails to awe me with all its majesty, precision, and intricate detail.
The earliest rock-cut architecture is from the Mauryan dynasty, but the Ajanta caves, which I had visited a few decades ago and which left me awestruck, are among the earliest rock-cut temples.
The Udayagiri caves, in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, are not as popular but they are worth a visit, for they contain some of the oldest Hindu temples and iconography. They were built during the Gupta period (350-550 CE).
These caves were not just an expression of religious piety but also a political statement. They lie on two low sandstone hills between the rivers Betwa and Beas. It is possible that when these caves were carved out, they fell directly on the Tropic of Cancer and thus the name translates to Mount of Sunrise. On the day of summer solstice, the sun would have been directly overhead, making this a place of worship.

Why Udayagiri caves are worth a visit?
Options:
1) Because they contain some of the oldest Hindu temples and iconography.
2) Because they are built in Gupta period.
3) Because they don’t take much time to see them completely.
4) Because they have reverence for our ancestors.
Correct Answer: Because they contain some of the oldest Hindu temples and iconography.
 
QID : 328 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Religious architecture forms a major portion of India’s built heritage. These structures are not only unwritten documents of history, they are also stamps of the might of the rulers who built them and articulations of grand visions.
Secular and religious structures are products of their location – the material used to build them depended on what was available to the kings and workers at that time. They were also a reflection of the piety of the artisans and workers, for nothing else can explain the hard work that went into cutting through solid natural rock to carve out temples and spectacular sculptures. Rock-cut architecture never fails to awe me with all its majesty, precision, and intricate detail.
The earliest rock-cut architecture is from the Mauryan dynasty, but the Ajanta caves, which I had visited a few decades ago and which left me awestruck, are among the earliest rock-cut temples.
The Udayagiri caves, in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, are not as popular but they are worth a visit, for they contain some of the oldest Hindu temples and iconography. They were built during the Gupta period (350-550 CE).
These caves were not just an expression of religious piety but also a political statement. They lie on two low sandstone hills between the rivers Betwa and Beas. It is possible that when these caves were carved out, they fell directly on the Tropic of Cancer and thus the name translates to Mount of Sunrise. On the day of summer solstice, the sun would have been directly overhead, making this a place of worship.

Why the caves of Vidisha got its name as Udayagiri – Mount of Sunrise?
Options:
1) It is because the day of winter solstice, the sun is directly overhead to the caves.
2) It is because when the rock was carved out of these caves, it fell onto Tropic of Cancer.
3) It is because Gupta had deep reverence for Sun god.
4) None of these
Correct Answer: It is because when the rock was carved out of these caves, it fell onto Tropic of Cancer.
 
QID : 329 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted growth.
According to Finlay and UBC PhD student Eric Brown, malnutrition can be difficult to treat because it affects the good bacteria that live in the gut. People suffering from malnutrition often show signs of a disease known as environmental enteropathy, which is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine and is likely caused by ingesting pathogenic fecal bacteria early in life from a contaminated environment. This shifts the balance of the original healthy bacteria in the gut and leads to poor absorption of nutrients.
The study, published in Nature Communications, explains how the research team developed a mouse model to reproduce the symptoms of environmental enteropathy and malnourishment.
“We were able to see how a malnourished diet has a strong, measurable impact on the microbes in the small intestine,” said Brown. “This new model gives us the opportunity to examine the impact of malnutrition on gut microbiology and assess the role of infections.”
Pathogenic bacterial infections like salmonella and E. coli are huge problems in developing countries because they are much more harmful to people suffering from malnutrition, leading to chronic diarrhea and inflammation.
“Treatments and vaccines created in developed nations and tested on healthy people often don't work in malnourished populations,” said Finlay, distinguished professor at UBC's Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. “People suffering from malnutrition respond differently.”
With an animal model, Finlay said researchers will be better able to test treatments and understand how malnutrition impacts a child's development.

Why malnutrition is difficult to be treated?
Options:
1) As it is a communicable disease.
2) No vaccine is available for it.
3) People don’t consider malnutrition a serious problem at all.
4) As it affects the good bacteria in the gut.
Correct Answer: As it affects the good bacteria in the gut.
 
QID : 330 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted growth.
According to Finlay and UBC PhD student Eric Brown, malnutrition can be difficult to treat because it affects the good bacteria that live in the gut. People suffering from malnutrition often show signs of a disease known as environmental enteropathy, which is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine and is likely caused by ingesting pathogenic fecal bacteria early in life from a contaminated environment. This shifts the balance of the original healthy bacteria in the gut and leads to poor absorption of nutrients.
The study, published in Nature Communications, explains how the research team developed a mouse model to reproduce the symptoms of environmental enteropathy and malnourishment.
“We were able to see how a malnourished diet has a strong, measurable impact on the microbes in the small intestine,” said Brown. “This new model gives us the opportunity to examine the impact of malnutrition on gut microbiology and assess the role of infections.”
Pathogenic bacterial infections like salmonella and E. coli are huge problems in developing countries because they are much more harmful to people suffering from malnutrition, leading to chronic diarrhea and inflammation.
“Treatments and vaccines created in developed nations and tested on healthy people often don't work in malnourished populations,” said Finlay, distinguished professor at UBC's Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. “People suffering from malnutrition respond differently.”
With an animal model, Finlay said researchers will be better able to test treatments and understand how malnutrition impacts a child's development.

Which of the following statement is true about enteropathy?
Options:
1) It is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine.
2) It enlarges the large intestine.
3) It occurs in early forties.
4) It is caused due to the consumption of contaminated water.
Correct Answer: It is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine.

QID : 331 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted growth.
According to Finlay and UBC PhD student Eric Brown, malnutrition can be difficult to treat because it affects the good bacteria that live in the gut. People suffering from malnutrition often show signs of a disease known as environmental enteropathy, which is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine and is likely caused by ingesting pathogenic fecal bacteria early in life from a contaminated environment. This shifts the balance of the original healthy bacteria in the gut and leads to poor absorption of nutrients.
The study, published in Nature Communications, explains how the research team developed a mouse model to reproduce the symptoms of environmental enteropathy and malnourishment.
“We were able to see how a malnourished diet has a strong, measurable impact on the microbes in the small intestine,” said Brown. “This new model gives us the opportunity to examine the impact of malnutrition on gut microbiology and assess the role of infections.”
Pathogenic bacterial infections like salmonella and E. coli are huge problems in developing countries because they are much more harmful to people suffering from malnutrition, leading to chronic diarrhea and inflammation.
“Treatments and vaccines created in developed nations and tested on healthy people often don't work in malnourished populations,” said Finlay, distinguished professor at UBC's Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. “People suffering from malnutrition respond differently.”
With an animal model, Finlay said researchers will be better able to test treatments and understand how malnutrition impacts a child's development.

According to the passage, what has a strong impact on the microbes in the small intestine?
Options:
1) Malnourished diet
2) Salmonella
3) E. coli
4) Vitamin C
Correct Answer: Malnourished diet
 
QID : 332 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted growth.
According to Finlay and UBC PhD student Eric Brown, malnutrition can be difficult to treat because it affects the good bacteria that live in the gut. People suffering from malnutrition often show signs of a disease known as environmental enteropathy, which is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine and is likely caused by ingesting pathogenic fecal bacteria early in life from a contaminated environment. This shifts the balance of the original healthy bacteria in the gut and leads to poor absorption of nutrients.
The study, published in Nature Communications, explains how the research team developed a mouse model to reproduce the symptoms of environmental enteropathy and malnourishment.
“We were able to see how a malnourished diet has a strong, measurable impact on the microbes in the small intestine,” said Brown. “This new model gives us the opportunity to examine the impact of malnutrition on gut microbiology and assess the role of infections.”
Pathogenic bacterial infections like salmonella and E. coli are huge problems in developing countries because they are much more harmful to people suffering from malnutrition, leading to chronic diarrhea and inflammation.
“Treatments and vaccines created in developed nations and tested on healthy people often don't work in malnourished populations,” said Finlay, distinguished professor at UBC's Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. “People suffering from malnutrition respond differently.”
With an animal model, Finlay said researchers will be better able to test treatments and understand how malnutrition impacts a child's development.

According to the passage, which chronic disease is caused by malnutrition in developing countries?
Options:
1) Diarrhea
2) Asthma
3) Diabetes
4) Cancer
Correct Answer: Diarrhea
 
QID : 333 - Read the passage carefully and select the best answer to each question out of the given four alternatives.

Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted growth.
According to Finlay and UBC PhD student Eric Brown, malnutrition can be difficult to treat because it affects the good bacteria that live in the gut. People suffering from malnutrition often show signs of a disease known as environmental enteropathy, which is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine and is likely caused by ingesting pathogenic fecal bacteria early in life from a contaminated environment. This shifts the balance of the original healthy bacteria in the gut and leads to poor absorption of nutrients.
The study, published in Nature Communications, explains how the research team developed a mouse model to reproduce the symptoms of environmental enteropathy and malnourishment.
“We were able to see how a malnourished diet has a strong, measurable impact on the microbes in the small intestine,” said Brown. “This new model gives us the opportunity to examine the impact of malnutrition on gut microbiology and assess the role of infections.”
Pathogenic bacterial infections like salmonella and E. coli are huge problems in developing countries because they are much more harmful to people suffering from malnutrition, leading to chronic diarrhea and inflammation.
“Treatments and vaccines created in developed nations and tested on healthy people often don't work in malnourished populations,” said Finlay, distinguished professor at UBC's Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. “People suffering from malnutrition respond differently.”
With an animal model, Finlay said researchers will be better able to test treatments and understand how malnutrition impacts a child's development.

Which factor is responsible for the vaccines that don’t work on people from developing countries as compared to those of developed nations?
Options:
1) Malnutrition
2) Water
3) Environment
4) Economic
Correct Answer: Malnutrition
 
QID : 334 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

India handled the problem of the cat preying on goats, sheep, donkeys and other animals by roping ________ communities in conservation, and compensating them for any losses. An insurance programme in _________ residents of a part of Spiti Valley in Himachal Pradesh ________________ also worked well. New research _____________ that even when wild prey is available, the attacks on livestock by snow leopards have ________________ been on the rise.

other animals by roping ________ communities
Options:
1) into
2) in
3) inside
4) on
Correct Answer: in
 
QID : 335 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

India handled the problem of the cat preying on goats, sheep, donkeys and other animals by roping ________ communities in conservation, and compensating them for any losses. An insurance programme in _________ residents of a part of Spiti Valley in Himachal Pradesh ________________ also worked well. New research _____________ that even when wild prey is available, the attacks on livestock by snow leopards have ________________ been on the rise.

An insurance programme in _________ residents of a part
Options:
1) which
2) what
3) when
4) whereas
Correct Answer: which
 
QID : 336 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

India handled the problem of the cat preying on goats, sheep, donkeys and other animals by roping ________ communities in conservation, and compensating them for any losses. An insurance programme in _________ residents of a part of Spiti Valley in Himachal Pradesh ________________ also worked well. New research _____________ that even when wild prey is available, the attacks on livestock by snow leopards have ________________ been on the rise.

Himachal Pradesh ________________ also worked well.
Options:
1) participation
2) participate
3) participated
4) participative
Correct Answer: participated
 
QID : 337 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

India handled the problem of the cat preying on goats, sheep, donkeys and other animals by roping ________ communities in conservation, and compensating them for any losses. An insurance programme in _________ residents of a part of Spiti Valley in Himachal Pradesh ________________ also worked well. New research _____________ that even when wild prey is available, the attacks on livestock by snow leopards have ________________ been on the rise.

New research _____________ that even when
Options:
1) indicates
2) indicate
3) indication
4) indicatable
Correct Answer: indicates

QID : 338 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

India handled the problem of the cat preying on goats, sheep, donkeys and other animals by roping ________ communities in conservation, and compensating them for any losses. An insurance programme in _________ residents of a part of Spiti Valley in Himachal Pradesh ________________ also worked well. New research _____________ that even when wild prey is available, the attacks on livestock by snow leopards have ________________ been on the rise.

snow leopards have ________________ been on the rise.
Options:
1) cumulative
2) cumulativeness
3) cumulatively
4) cumulation
Correct Answer: cumulatively

QID : 339 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

But more often than not, especially in a crowded metropolis, _________ you come across are wandering pedlars and small hawking stands, ________ something makeshift, easy to take ________ if need be, selling bananas, directing your attention towards a pile of chequered towels, a woman _________ weaving a pile of fragrant mogras into a string, ______________ brewing hot tea and quickly frying a pile of hot bhajiyas for office commuters.

in a crowded metropolis, _________ you come across
Options:
1) what
2) when
3) where
4) whom
Correct Answer: what

QID : 340 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

But more often than not, especially in a crowded metropolis, _________ you come across are wandering pedlars and small hawking stands, ________ something makeshift, easy to take ________ if need be, selling bananas, directing your attention towards a pile of chequered towels, a woman _________ weaving a pile of fragrant mogras into a string, ______________ brewing hot tea and quickly frying a pile of hot bhajiyas for office commuters.

small hawking stands, ________ something makeshift,
Options:
1) usual
2) usually
3) usualness
4) as usual
Correct Answer: usually

QID : 341 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

But more often than not, especially in a crowded metropolis, _________ you come across are wandering pedlars and small hawking stands, ________ something makeshift, easy to take ________ if need be, selling bananas, directing your attention towards a pile of chequered towels, a woman _________ weaving a pile of fragrant mogras into a string, ______________ brewing hot tea and quickly frying a pile of hot bhajiyas for office commuters.

easy to take ________ if need be,
Options:
1) a part
2) partly
3) a partial
4) apart
Correct Answer: apart

QID : 342 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

But more often than not, especially in a crowded metropolis, _________ you come across are wandering pedlars and small hawking stands, ________ something makeshift, easy to take ________ if need be, selling bananas, directing your attention towards a pile of chequered towels, a woman _________ weaving a pile of fragrant mogras into a string, ______________ brewing hot tea and quickly frying a pile of hot bhajiyas for office commuters.

a woman _________ weaving a pile of fragrant mogras
Options:
1) deft
2) deftly
3) deftness
4) deftest
Correct Answer: deftly

QID : 343 - In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.

But more often than not, especially in a crowded metropolis, _________ you come across are wandering pedlars and small hawking stands, ________ something makeshift, easy to take ________ if need be, selling bananas, directing your attention towards a pile of chequered towels, a woman _________ weaving a pile of fragrant mogras into a string, ______________ brewing hot tea and quickly frying a pile of hot bhajiyas for office commuters.

into a string, ______________ brewing hot tea
Options:
1) another
2) other
3) another's
4) others
Correct Answer: another
 
QID : 344 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

The elusive and charismatic snow leopard has lost its endangered status in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, causing genuine worry among wildlife biologists, who believe this sends out the wrong signal to those working to protect it. If the argument for a downgrade to vulnerable status from endangered is that conservation actions have reduced the threat to the cat, there is an equally persuasive response on how little scientists know about its population health, given its remote habitat in the alpine zones of the Himalayas and trans-Himalayas. As a major range country, India has worked to protect these animals, and even launched a programme on the lines of Project Tiger for its conservation, covering 128,757 sq. km of habitat in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. There is also an upcoming international collaborative effort, the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program, involving the countries that make up the range of this graceful animal. It is vital that this momentum should not be lost merely on account of the technicality that the estimated numbers have crossed the threshold for an 'endangered' classification, which is 2,500. If anything, studies on its vulnerability have to be intensified, and the task of monitoring its entire habitat of high mountains speeded up.

Which countries will be involved in the collaboration to protect the snow leopard?
Options:
1) Member countries of International Union for Conservation of Nature
2) Countries which are financing the project to conserve the snow leopard
3) Same countries which participated in Project Tiger
4) Countries where the snow leopard is found
Correct Answer: Countries where the snow leopard is found

QID : 345 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

The elusive and charismatic snow leopard has lost its endangered status in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, causing genuine worry among wildlife biologists, who believe this sends out the wrong signal to those working to protect it. If the argument for a downgrade to vulnerable status from endangered is that conservation actions have reduced the threat to the cat, there is an equally persuasive response on how little scientists know about its population health, given its remote habitat in the alpine zones of the Himalayas and trans-Himalayas. As a major range country, India has worked to protect these animals, and even launched a programme on the lines of Project Tiger for its conservation, covering 128,757 sq. km of habitat in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. There is also an upcoming international collaborative effort, the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program, involving the countries that make up the range of this graceful animal. It is vital that this momentum should not be lost merely on account of the technicality that the estimated numbers have crossed the threshold for an 'endangered' classification, which is 2,500. If anything, studies on its vulnerability have to be intensified, and the task of monitoring its entire habitat of high mountains speeded up.

Why do the scientists find it difficult to study the snow leopard?
Options:
1) Due to governmental restrictions
2) Due to its remote habitat
3) Due to lack of funding
4) Due to its nocturnal habits
Correct Answer: Due to its remote habitat

QID : 346 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

The elusive and charismatic snow leopard has lost its endangered status in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, causing genuine worry among wildlife biologists, who believe this sends out the wrong signal to those working to protect it. If the argument for a downgrade to vulnerable status from endangered is that conservation actions have reduced the threat to the cat, there is an equally persuasive response on how little scientists know about its population health, given its remote habitat in the alpine zones of the Himalayas and trans-Himalayas. As a major range country, India has worked to protect these animals, and even launched a programme on the lines of Project Tiger for its conservation, covering 128,757 sq. km of habitat in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. There is also an upcoming international collaborative effort, the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program, involving the countries that make up the range of this graceful animal. It is vital that this momentum should not be lost merely on account of the technicality that the estimated numbers have crossed the threshold for an 'endangered' classification, which is 2,500. If anything, studies on its vulnerability have to be intensified, and the task of monitoring its entire habitat of high mountains speeded up.

The snow leopards habitat overlaps all these states except _________.
Options:
1) Uttarakhand
2) Sikkim
3) Arunachal Pradesh.
4) Uttar Pradesh
Correct Answer: Uttar Pradesh

QID : 347 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

The elusive and charismatic snow leopard has lost its endangered status in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, causing genuine worry among wildlife biologists, who believe this sends out the wrong signal to those working to protect it. If the argument for a downgrade to vulnerable status from endangered is that conservation actions have reduced the threat to the cat, there is an equally persuasive response on how little scientists know about its population health, given its remote habitat in the alpine zones of the Himalayas and trans-Himalayas. As a major range country, India has worked to protect these animals, and even launched a programme on the lines of Project Tiger for its conservation, covering 128,757 sq. km of habitat in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. There is also an upcoming international collaborative effort, the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program, involving the countries that make up the range of this graceful animal. It is vital that this momentum should not be lost merely on account of the technicality that the estimated numbers have crossed the threshold for an 'endangered' classification, which is 2,500. If anything, studies on its vulnerability have to be intensified, and the task of monitoring its entire habitat of high mountains speeded up.

Why did the snow leopard lose its 'endangered' status?
Options:
1) Due to increase in its habitat area
2) Due to disagreement between wildlife experts
3) Due to inability in counting its population
4) Due to rise in its numbers
Correct Answer: Due to rise in its numbers
 
QID : 348 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

The elusive and charismatic snow leopard has lost its endangered status in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, causing genuine worry among wildlife biologists, who believe this sends out the wrong signal to those working to protect it. If the argument for a downgrade to vulnerable status from endangered is that conservation actions have reduced the threat to the cat, there is an equally persuasive response on how little scientists know about its population health, given its remote habitat in the alpine zones of the Himalayas and trans-Himalayas. As a major range country, India has worked to protect these animals, and even launched a programme on the lines of Project Tiger for its conservation, covering 128,757 sq. km of habitat in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. There is also an upcoming international collaborative effort, the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program, involving the countries that make up the range of this graceful animal. It is vital that this momentum should not be lost merely on account of the technicality that the estimated numbers have crossed the threshold for an 'endangered' classification, which is 2,500. If anything, studies on its vulnerability have to be intensified, and the task of monitoring its entire habitat of high mountains speeded up.

On what factor is the classification of a species decided?
Options:
1) How critical that species is in the food web
2) Its population
3) Its habitat
4) On expert opinion
Correct Answer: Its population
 
QID : 349 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

As the 23rd conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn shifts into high gear, developing countries including India are focussing on the imperatives of ensuring adequate financing for mitigation and adaptation. They are moving ahead with specific instruments for loss and damage they suffer due to destructive climate-linked events. India's progress in reducing the intensity of its greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP by 20-25% from 2005 levels by 2020, based on the commitment made in Copenhagen in 2009, has been positive. Early studies also suggest that it is on track to achieve the national pledge under the 2015 Paris Agreement for a 33-35% cut in emissions intensity per unit of growth from the same base year (2015) by 2030, and thus heed the 2°C global warming goal. Since this performance is predicated on a growth rate of just over 7%, and the parallel target for 40% share of renewable energy by that year (2030), the national road map is clear. What is not, however, is the impact of extreme weather events such as droughts and floods that would have a bearing on economic growth. It is in this context that the rich countries must give up their rigid approach towards the demands of low and middle income countries, and come to an early resolution on the question of financing of mitigation, adaptation and compensation. Of course, India could further raise its ambition in the use of green technologies and emissions cuts, which would give it the mantle of global climate leadership.

The rich and the poor countries have not yet agreed on which issue?
Options:
1) The time frame by which each country should achieve their climate goals
2) The amount of acceptable rise in global temperature
3) How to fund the costs for mitigation, adaptation and compensation
4) The share of renewables in energy generation
Correct Answer: How to fund the costs for mitigation, adaptation and compensation

QID : 350 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

As the 23rd conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn shifts into high gear, developing countries including India are focussing on the imperatives of ensuring adequate financing for mitigation and adaptation. They are moving ahead with specific instruments for loss and damage they suffer due to destructive climate-linked events. India's progress in reducing the intensity of its greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP by 20-25% from 2005 levels by 2020, based on the commitment made in Copenhagen in 2009, has been positive. Early studies also suggest that it is on track to achieve the national pledge under the 2015 Paris Agreement for a 33-35% cut in emissions intensity per unit of growth from the same base year (2015) by 2030, and thus heed the 2°C global warming goal. Since this performance is predicated on a growth rate of just over 7%, and the parallel target for 40% share of renewable energy by that year (2030), the national road map is clear. What is not, however, is the impact of extreme weather events such as droughts and floods that would have a bearing on economic growth. It is in this context that the rich countries must give up their rigid approach towards the demands of low and middle income countries, and come to an early resolution on the question of financing of mitigation, adaptation and compensation. Of course, India could further raise its ambition in the use of green technologies and emissions cuts, which would give it the mantle of global climate leadership.

What is the Paris Agreement's central aim?
Options:
1) To keep rise in global temperature below 2°C
2) To compel rich countries to give up their rigid approach
3) Force developing countries to be more ambitious in their emission cuts
4) The world should have atleast 40% energy from renewables
Correct Answer: To keep rise in global temperature below 2°C
 
QID : 351 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

As the 23rd conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn shifts into high gear, developing countries including India are focussing on the imperatives of ensuring adequate financing for mitigation and adaptation. They are moving ahead with specific instruments for loss and damage they suffer due to destructive climate-linked events. India's progress in reducing the intensity of its greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP by 20-25% from 2005 levels by 2020, based on the commitment made in Copenhagen in 2009, has been positive. Early studies also suggest that it is on track to achieve the national pledge under the 2015 Paris Agreement for a 33-35% cut in emissions intensity per unit of growth from the same base year (2015) by 2030, and thus heed the 2°C global warming goal. Since this performance is predicated on a growth rate of just over 7%, and the parallel target for 40% share of renewable energy by that year (2030), the national road map is clear. What is not, however, is the impact of extreme weather events such as droughts and floods that would have a bearing on economic growth. It is in this context that the rich countries must give up their rigid approach towards the demands of low and middle income countries, and come to an early resolution on the question of financing of mitigation, adaptation and compensation. Of course, India could further raise its ambition in the use of green technologies and emissions cuts, which would give it the mantle of global climate leadership.

India has/had plans to generate 40% of its energy from renewables by which year?
Options:
1) 2030
2) 2009
3) 2015
4) 2020
Correct Answer: 2030
 
QID : 352 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

As the 23rd conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn shifts into high gear, developing countries including India are focussing on the imperatives of ensuring adequate financing for mitigation and adaptation. They are moving ahead with specific instruments for loss and damage they suffer due to destructive climate-linked events. India's progress in reducing the intensity of its greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP by 20-25% from 2005 levels by 2020, based on the commitment made in Copenhagen in 2009, has been positive. Early studies also suggest that it is on track to achieve the national pledge under the 2015 Paris Agreement for a 33-35% cut in emissions intensity per unit of growth from the same base year (2015) by 2030, and thus heed the 2°C global warming goal. Since this performance is predicated on a growth rate of just over 7%, and the parallel target for 40% share of renewable energy by that year (2030), the national road map is clear. What is not, however, is the impact of extreme weather events such as droughts and floods that would have a bearing on economic growth. It is in this context that the rich countries must give up their rigid approach towards the demands of low and middle income countries, and come to an early resolution on the question of financing of mitigation, adaptation and compensation. Of course, India could further raise its ambition in the use of green technologies and emissions cuts, which would give it the mantle of global climate leadership.

What does India need to do to be recognised as a leader in protecting global climate?
Options:
1) Make more emission cuts
2) Host the next conference on climate change
3) Successfully force rich countries to give up their rigid approach
4) Keep economic growth rate at 7%
Correct Answer: Make more emission cuts

QID : 353 - Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

As the 23rd conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn shifts into high gear, developing countries including India are focussing on the imperatives of ensuring adequate financing for mitigation and adaptation. They are moving ahead with specific instruments for loss and damage they suffer due to destructive climate-linked events. India's progress in reducing the intensity of its greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP by 20-25% from 2005 levels by 2020, based on the commitment made in Copenhagen in 2009, has been positive. Early studies also suggest that it is on track to achieve the national pledge under the 2015 Paris Agreement for a 33-35% cut in emissions intensity per unit of growth from the same base year (2015) by 2030, and thus heed the 2°C global warming goal. Since this performance is predicated on a growth rate of just over 7%, and the parallel target for 40% share of renewable energy by that year (2030), the national road map is clear. What is not, however, is the impact of extreme weather events such as droughts and floods that would have a bearing on economic growth. It is in this context that the rich countries must give up their rigid approach towards the demands of low and middle income countries, and come to an early resolution on the question of financing of mitigation, adaptation and compensation. Of course, India could further raise its ambition in the use of green technologies and emissions cuts, which would give it the mantle of global climate leadership.

India has set a target to reduce by 33-35% its emissions intensity per unit of GDP growth in how many years?
Options:
1) 10
2) 15
3) 20
4) 5
Correct Answer: 15
 
QID : 354 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

The teacher said to the students, "Work hard now if you wish to have a better future."
Options:
1) The teacher advised the students to work hard then if they wished to have a better future.
2) The teacher advised the students to work hard now if they wished to have a better future.
3) The teacher advised the students to work hard then if they wish to have a better future.
4) The teacher advised the students to work hard now if they wish to have a better future.
Correct Answer: The teacher advised the students to work hard then if they wished to have a better future.
 
QID : 355 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

"Do you have anything to tell me, my angel?" said her mother.
Options:
1) Her mother asked if she has anything to tell her.
2) Her mother asked if she had anything to tell me.
3) Her mother asked if she had anything to tell her.
4) Her mother asked if she has anything to tell me.
Correct Answer: Her mother asked if she had anything to tell her.

QID : 356 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

“Bring me my spectacles,” said grandfather to me.
Options:
1) Grandfather ordered me and brought him his spectacles.
2) Grandfather ordered me to have brought to him his spectacles.
3) Grandfather ordered me to bring him his spectacles.
4) Grandfather ordered myself to bring his spectacles to where he was.
Correct Answer: Grandfather ordered me to bring him his spectacles.
 
QID : 357 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

They said, “We pray everyday.”
Options:
1) They said that they have been praying every day.
2) They said that they pray every day.
3) They said that they prayed every day.
4) They said that we prayed every day.
Correct Answer: They said that they prayed every day.

QID : 358 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

They said, “We were just taking pictures.”
Options:
1) They said that they had just took pictures.
2) They said that they had just been taking pictures.
3) They said that we had just been taking pictures.
4) They said that we had just took pictures.
Correct Answer: They said that they had just been taking pictures.

QID : 359 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

They said, “We will attend the performance tomorrow.”
Options:
1) They said that they would attend the performance the day after tomorrow.
2) They said that they will attend the performance the day after.
3) They said that they would attend the performance the next day.
4) They said that they will attend the performance the day after tomorrow.
Correct Answer: They said that they would attend the performance the next day.

QID : 360 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

She said to me, "Will you be coming to the party, tomorrow?"
Options:
1) She asked me if I would be going to the party the day after tomorrow.
2) She asked me if I will be going to the party the following day.
3) She asked me if I will be going to the party the day after tomorrow.
4) She asked me if I would be going to the party the following day.
Correct Answer: She asked me if I would be going to the party the following day.

QID : 361 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

My friend said to me, "I am willing to help you on a condition."
Options:
1) My friend said to me that he is willing to help me on a condition.
2) My friend said to me that he has had been willing to help me on a condition.
3) My friend said to me that he has been willing to help me on a condition.
4) My friend said to me that he was willing to help me on a condition.
Correct Answer: My friend said to me that he was willing to help me on a condition.
 
QID : 362 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

"Please don’t leave me alone here", the kid told her mother.
Options:
1) The kid begged her mother not to leave her alone there.
2) The kid begs her mother not to leave her alone there.
3) The kid begged her mother not to leave her alone here.
4) The kid begs her mother not to leave her alone here.
Correct Answer: The kid begged her mother not to leave her alone there.
 
QID : 363 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Rohit said, "I take a bath daily with cold water."
Options:
1) Rohit says that he were taking a bath daily with cold water.
2) Rohit said that he has had been taking a bath daily with cold water.
3) Rohit said that he is taking a bath daily with cold water.
4) Rohit said that he took a bath daily with cold water.
Correct Answer: Rohit said that he took a bath daily with cold water.
 
QID : 364 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

The teacher said to the students, "I will not tolerate such behaviour."
Options:
1) The teacher said to the students that he would not tolerate such behaviour.
2) The teacher said to the students that he would not be tolerating such behaviour.
3) The teacher said to the students that he will not tolerate such behaviour.
4) The teacher said to the students that he will not be tolerating such behaviour.
Correct Answer: The teacher said to the students that he would not tolerate such behaviour.
 
QID : 365 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Vaibhav said to me, "Has your father returned from work?"
Options:
1) Vaibhav asked me whether my father has returned from work.
2) Vaibhav asked me whether my father had returned from work.
3) Vaibhav asked me whether my father has had returned from work.
4) Vaibhav asked me whether my father had been returning from work.
Correct Answer: Vaibhav asked me whether my father had returned from work.
 
QID : 366 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Sahil said to me, "Where will you go this holiday?"
Options:
1) Sahil asked me where I would go that holiday.
2) Sahil asked me where I will go that holiday.
3) Sahil asked me where I will be going that holiday.
4) Sahil asked me where I would gone that holiday.
Correct Answer: Sahil asked me where I would go that holiday.

QID : 367 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Heena said, "I bought a dress yesterday."
Options:
1) Heena said that she has bought a dress the day before.
2) Heena said that she had bought a dress the day before.
3) Heena said that she has bought a dress the day before yesterday.
4) Heena said that she had bought a dress the day before yesterday.
Correct Answer: Heena said that she had bought a dress the day before.

QID : 368 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

He said, "I saw the movie yesterday."
Options:
1) He said that he has seen the movie the day before.
2) He said that I had seen the movie the day before.
3) He said that he had seen the movie the day before.
4) He said that I have seen the movie the day before.
Correct Answer: He said that he had seen the movie the day before.
 
QID : 369 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

The manager said to the executive, "Today you will come along with me to meet the client."
Options:
1) The manager said to the executive this, that day he would have to go along with him to meet the client.
2) The manager said to the executive that, that day he would have to go along with him to meet the client.
3) The manager said to the executive that, that day he will have to go along with him to meet the client.
4) The manager said to the executive this, that day he will have to go along with him to meet the client.
Correct Answer: The manager said to the executive that, that day he would have to go along with him to meet the client.
 
QID : 370 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Vaibhav said to me, "We have to win this game."
Options:
1) Vaibhav said to me that they have to win that game.
2) Vaibhav said to me that we had to win that game.
3) Vaibhav said to me that we have to win that game.
4) Vaibhav said to me that they had to win that game.
Correct Answer: Vaibhav said to me that we had to win that game.
 
QID : 371 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Nasir asked his tutor, "Do I need to learn these formulas?"
Options:
1) Nasir asked his tutor if he has to learn those formulas.
2) Nasir asked his tutor if he had to learn those formulas.
3) Nasir asked his tutor didn't he had to learn those formulas.
4) Nasir asked his tutor hadn't he have to learn those formulas.
Correct Answer: Nasir asked his tutor if he had to learn those formulas.
 
QID : 372 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Pritam said, "These pastries are yummy."
Options:
1) Pritam said that those pastries are yummy.
2) Pritam said this that those pastries were yummy.
3) Pritam said that those pastries were yummy.
4) Pritam said that these pastries are yummy.
Correct Answer: Pritam said that those pastries were yummy.
 
QID : 373 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

The constable said, "I saw a bullet mark here."
Options:
1) The constable said that he sees a bullet mark there.
2) The constable said that he had seen a bullet mark there.
3) The constable says that he saw a bullet mark here.
4) The constable said that he sees a bullet mark here.
Correct Answer: The constable said that he had seen a bullet mark there.

QID : 374 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

Mother said to my sister, "Tell him sorry right now."
Options:
1) Mother said to my sister to tell him sorry right then.
2) Mother said to my sister to tell him sorry right now.
3) Mother says to my sister to tell him sorry right then.
4) Mother says to my sister to tell him sorry right now.
Correct Answer: Mother said to my sister to tell him sorry right then.
 
QID : 375 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

I said to him, "I am too tired now to go out with you."
Options:
1) I said to him that I was too tired then to go out with him.
2) I said to him that I am too tired then to go out with him.
3) I said to him that I was too tired then to go out with you.
4) I said to him that I am too tired then to go out with you.
Correct Answer: I said to him that I was too tired then to go out with him.

QID : 376 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

The coach said, "Well done! You have made me proud."
Options:
1) The coach applauded and said that he has made him proud.
2) The coach applauds and says well done that he had made him proud.
3) The coach applauded, says well done and that he has made him proud.
4) The coach applauded and said that he had made him proud.
Correct Answer: The coach applauded and said that he had made him proud.
 
QID : 377 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

The girl said to her partner, "You will have to dance better than this tomorrow."
Options:
1) The girl said to her partner that he will have to dance better than that the day after.
2) The girl said to her partner that he would have to dance better than this the day after.
3) The girl said to her partner that he would have to dance better than that the day after.
4) The girl said to her partner that he will have to dance better than this the day after.
Correct Answer: The girl said to her partner that he would have to dance better than that the day after.
 
QID : 378 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

The agent said, "This is the best house on this street."
Options:
1) The agent said this that was the best house on that street.
2) The agent said that that was the best house on that street.
3) The agent said that that is the best house on that street.
4) The agent said this that is the best house on that street.
Correct Answer: The agent said that that was the best house on that street.
 
QID : 379 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

My mother said to me, "You will regret your actions."
Options:
1) My mother warned me that I will regret my actions.
2) My mother warned me that I will be regretting my actions.
3) My mother warned me that I would regret my actions.
4) My mother warned me that I would be regretting my actions.
Correct Answer: My mother warned me that I would regret my actions.

QID : 380 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

“I‘m going to the gym now,” said Param.
Options:
1) Param said that he is going to the gym then.
2) Param said that he has gone to the gym then.
3) Param said that he had gone to the gym then.
4) Param said that he was going to the gym then.
Correct Answer: Param said that he was going to the gym then.
 
QID : 381 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Children like to play all day long.
Options:
1) Liking is done by children of playing all day long.
2) Playing all day long is liked by children.
3) All day long children do like to play.
4) Children play all day long and like it.
Correct Answer: Playing all day long is liked by children.
 
QID : 382 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Once a month we visit the temple.
Options:
1) Visiting the temple is done by us once a month.
2) We ourselves visited the temple once a month.
3) Once a month the temple is visited by us.
4) Monthly there is a visit by us to the temple.
Correct Answer: Once a month the temple is visited by us.
 
QID : 383 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

The servant is keeping my house tidy.
Options:
1) Keeping of my house tidy is done by the servant.
2) The servant had kept tidy my house.
3) My house is being kept tidy by the servant.
4) My house the servant keeps tidy.
Correct Answer: My house is being kept tidy by the servant.
 
QID : 384 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

The theatre was keeping a seat for you.
Options:
1) A seat was being kept for you by the theatre.
2) Keeping of a seat for you has been done by the theatre.
3) The theatre has kept a seat for you.
4) A seat would be kept for you by the theatre.
Correct Answer: A seat was being kept for you by the theatre.
 
QID : 385 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

I have kept all your old letters.
Options:
1) Keeping of all your old letters has been done by me.
2) I keep your letters which have become old.
3) Your letters which have become old would be kept by me.
4) All your old letters have been kept by me.
Correct Answer: All your old letters have been kept by me.

QID : 386 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

He had kept up his training regimen for a month.
Options:
1) Keeping up the training regimen had been done by him for a month.
2) For a month he has had been keeping his training regimen.
3) He is training and this has been kept for a month.
4) His training regimen had been kept up by him for a month.
Correct Answer: His training regimen had been kept up by him for a month.
 
QID : 387 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Meenu will return the book.
Options:
1) Returning of the book will be done by Meenu.
2) The book will be returned by Meenu.
3) The book would have been returned by Meenu.
4) The book Meenu will be returning.
Correct Answer: The book will be returned by Meenu.

QID : 388 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

I will keep your secret.
Options:
1) Keeping of your secret will be done by me.
2) I will be keeping the secret of you.
3) Your secret would be kept by me.
4) Your secret I will be keeping.
Correct Answer: Your secret would be kept by me.
 
QID : 389 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

I would have kept your bicycle here if you had left it with me.
Options:
1) Your bicycle would have been kept here if you had left it with me.
2) Keeping of your bicycle would have been done by me if you had left it.
3) If you had left it with me I would have kept your bicycle there.
4) Your bicycle would be kept there if you have left it with me.
Correct Answer: Your bicycle would have been kept here if you had left it with me.
 
QID : 390 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

I have a feeling that you are keeping a secret.
Options:
1) I have a feeling that keeping of a secret is being done by you.
2) I have a feeling that a secret is being kept by you.
3) Feeling has been had by me that a secret was kept by you.
4) I myself had a feeling that a secret had been kept by you.
Correct Answer: I have a feeling that a secret is being kept by you.
 
QID : 391 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

We have kept the bird in the cage too long.
Options:
1) Keeping of the bird in the cage has been done by us for too long.
2) The bird has been kept in the cage by us for too long.
3) We have been keeping for long the bird in the cage.
4) The bird would have been kept in the cage by us for too long.
Correct Answer: The bird has been kept in the cage by us for too long.

QID : 392 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

The agent will take you to the property.
Options:
1) Taking you to the property will be done by the agent.
2) The agent would be taking you to the property.
3) You were taken to the property by the agent.
4) You will be taken to the property by the agent.
Correct Answer: You will be taken to the property by the agent.
 
QID : 393 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

I have poured the tea.
Options:
1) Pouring of the tea by me has been done.
2) The tea is being poured by me.
3) The tea has been poured by me.
4) The tea pouring was done by myself.
Correct Answer: The tea has been poured by me.

QID : 394 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

People drink champagne on New Year’s Eve.
Options:
1) Drinking of champagne is done on New Year's Eve.
2) New Year's Eve was the day when People drank Champagne.
3) People on Eve of New Year drink champagne.
4) Champagne is drunk on New Year’s Eve.
Correct Answer: Champagne is drunk on New Year’s Eve.

QID : 395 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Chefs use these machines to mix the ingredients.
Options:
1) These machines are used by chefs to mix the ingredients.
2) Using of these machines is done by chefs to mix the ingredients.
3) Chefs mix the ingredients using these machines.
4) These machines had been used to mix the ingredients by chefs.
Correct Answer: These machines are used by chefs to mix the ingredients.

QID : 396 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

They renovated the restaurant in 2017.
Options:
1) The restaurant was renovated by them in 2017.
2) Renovating the restaurant was done by them in 2017.
3) The renovated restaurant was by them in 2017.
4) The restaurant in 2017 was being renovated by them.
Correct Answer: The restaurant was renovated by them in 2017.
 
QID : 397 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

The teachers informed the students that the class had been cancelled.
Options:
1) Informing the students that the class is cancelled was done by the teachers.
2) The class has been cancelled, this the teachers informed the students.
3) The students were informed by the teachers that the class had been cancelled.
4) The teachers cancelled the class and informed the students.
Correct Answer: The students were informed by the teachers that the class had been cancelled.
 
QID : 398 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

The cleaners sweep the streets everyday.
Options:
1) Sweeping of the steers everyday has been done by the cleaners.
2) Everyday the cleaners have been sweeping the streets.
3) The streets are swept by the cleaners everyday.
4) The streets have had been swept by the cleaners everyday.
Correct Answer: The streets are swept by the cleaners everyday.

QID : 399 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

The bullet hit the soldier in the arm.
Options:
1) Hitting in the arm of the soldier has been done by the bullet.
2) The soldier was hit in the arm by the bullet.
3) The bullet has hit it in the arm of the soldier.
4) The arm of the soldier is being hit by a bullet.
Correct Answer: The soldier was hit in the arm by the bullet.

QID : 400 - In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active voice.

The police arrested him on suspicion.
Options:
1) Arresting him on suspicion has been done by the police.
2) On suspicion the police had been arresting him.
3) He was arrested on suspicion by the police.
4) He has had been arrested on suspicion by the police.
Correct Answer: He was arrested on suspicion by the police.

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